Ziyarat Imam Hussain(as) and Hz Abbas(as) at Shrine
Recited in the Shrines in kerbala
Signifance of Ziarat

Etiquettes to be observed during journeys to Imam al-Husayn’s tomb and inside his holy shrine

Kerbala Etiquettes DT PDF
General Etiquettes
Salat after ziarat (dt)
Duas after ziarat(dt)
Farewell ziarat(dt)
Preperation /Philosophy

One - Twenty | Duas | Farewell


The etiquettes that must be observed by those who intend to undertake pilgrimage to Imam al-Husayn’s holy shrine are clarified in the following points:

First: As is instructed by Imam alSadiq (‘a), one who intends to visit the tomb of Imam al-Husayn (‘a) must first of all observe fasting for three consecutive days before he/she leaves his/her home and then bathe himself/herself on the third day.
In the introductory acts of ziyarah , Shaykh Muhammad ibn al-Mashhadi has mentioned that if you intend to visit the holy tomb of Imam al-Husayn (‘a), you may the folowing dua
اَللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي اسْتَوْدِعُكَ ٱلْيَوْمَ نَفْسِي وَاهْلِي
allahumma inni astawdi`uka alyawma nafsi wa ahli
O Allah, I beseech You on this day to accept as trusts with You my self, my family members,

وَمَالِي وَوَلَدِي
wa mali wa waladi
my property, my children,

وَكُلَّ مَنْ كَانَ مِنِّي بِسَبِيلٍ
wa kulla man kana minni bisabilin
whatever belongs to me, and whatever for which I am responsible,

ٱلشَّاهِدَ مِنْهُمْ وَٱلْغَائِبَ
alshshahida minhum walgha'iba
the present and the absent.

اَللَّهُمَّ ٱحْفَظْنَا بِحِفْظِ ٱلإِيـمَانِ وَٱحْفَظْ عَلَيْنَا
allahumma ihfazna bihifzi al'imani wahfaz `alayna
O Allah, (please do) protect us with the protection of faith and safeguard us.

اَللَّهُمَّ ٱجْعَلْنَا فِي حِرْزِكَ
allahumma ij`alna fi hirzika
O Allah, (please do) make us under Your shelter,

وَلاَ تَسْلُبْنَا نِعْمَتَكَ
wa la taslubna ni`mataka
do not deprive us of Your bounty,

وَلاَ تُغَيِّرْ مَا بِنَا مِنْ نِعْمَةٍ وَعَافِيَةٍ
wa la tughayyir ma bina min ni`matin wa `afiyatin
do not change the bliss and good health that we are enjoying,

وَزِدْنَا مِنْ فَضْلِكَ
wa zidna min fadlika
and provide us with more favor of You.

إِنَّا إِلَيْكَ رَاغِبُونَ
inna ilayka raghibuna
Indeed, we desire for You.

You may then leave your house while you are in a state of submission. You may repeat as many times as possible the following statements:
لاَ إِلٰهَ إِلاَّ ٱللَّهُ
la ilaha illa allahu
There is no god save Allah.

اَللَّهُ اكْبَرُ
allahu akbaru
Allah is the Most Great.

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ
alhamdu lillahi
All praise be to Allah.


You may also repeat statements of glorification of Almighty Allah and invocations of His blessings upon the Holy Prophet and his Household. You may also walk with gravity and tranquility. It is narrated that Almighty Allah creates from each drop of sweat that pours from the pilgrims of Imam al-Husayn’s tomb seventy thousand angels to glorify Him and implore His forgiveness for the pilgrims of Imam al-Husayn’s tomb up to the Hour of Resurrection.
Second: Imam al-Sadiq (‘a) is reported to have said, “When you visit the tomb of Abu-`Abdullah (i.e. Imam al-Husayn), you may visit him while you are sad, grieved, shaggy, covered with dust, hungry, and thirsty. This is because al-Husayn (‘a) was slain while he was sad, grieved, shaggy, covered with dust, hungry, and thirsty. You may ask him to grant you your requests and then leave without residing there.”
Third: During the journey to Imam al-Husayn’s tomb, a pilgrim must not carry with him delicious and palatable food, such as roasted meat and sweets; rather, a pilgrim must feed on bread and yoghurt. In this respect, Imam al-Sadiq (‘a) is reported to have said, “I have been informed that some people, on their way to visiting the tomb of al-Husayn, carry with them luggage full of meat of young goats, sweats, and the like palatable food; but if they visited the tombs of their fathers and dear ones, they would never carry with them such food!” According to another considerably reported narration, Imam al-Sadiq (‘a) said to al-Mufaddal ibn `Umar, “To visit is better than not to visit; and not to visit is better than to visit.” “You have broken my back (i.e. this is so ambiguous that I will never understand)!” said al-Mufaddal. The Imam (‘a) explained, “When you visit the graves of your fathers, you visit them while you are in a miserable, depressed mood! But when you visit the tomb of al-Husayn (‘a), you visit it as if you are on a picnic! No, this is not acceptable unless you visit his tomb while you are unkempt and covered with dust.” The rich and businessmen are the worthiest of observing this instruction during their pilgrimages to the holy tomb of Imam al-Husayn (‘a). Hence, when their associates who live in the towns lying on their way to Karbala' invite them to banquets, they must refuse; and when they fill their luggage with palatable food, they must also refuse and say, ‘We are on our way to visit Karbala' and it is unsuitable for us to have such food.’ Shaykh al-Kulayni has reported that after Imam al-Husayn (‘a) had been slain, his wife from the tribe of Kalb held a funeral ceremony in which women and servants wept so heavily that their tears dried up. She was gifted a grilled grouse to help her mourn the Imam (‘a). But she refused to take it and said, “We are not in a wedding party! We have nothing to do with this.” She thus ordered to take it out of her house.
Fourth: Among the advisable matters to be considered in journeys to the holy tomb of Imam al-Husayn (‘a) is that a pilgrim should show modesty, humility, and meekness and walk like subservient slaves. Hence, those who have modern vehicles, which move in high speeds… etc. are advised to avoid arrogance and vanity and to stop sturting before the other pilgrims who might suffer troubles and difficulties on their way to Karbala'; therefore, they are advised not to glance sideways at these people. Scholars have narrated that the People of the Cave (i.e. the Seven Sleepers of Ephesus) were among the retinue of Decius (the Roman emperor), but when they were included with Almighty Allah’s mercy, they recognized Him with their minds. Therefore, they began to amend their affairs through practicing monasticism, seclusion, and resort to a cave where they worshipped Him. So, they rode on their horses and left the city. When they walked for three miles, one of them; namely, Malchus, said to them, “O brothers! The submission of the Hereafter has come and the kingdom of the worldly life has gone. So, ride off your horses and walk on your feet.” To explain, he advised them to ride off the horses and walk in the way of Allah on their foot hoping that the Lord would cover them with His compassion and mercy and make for them a relief. These great and reverent persons rode off their horses and walked on feet for seven pharasangs( ) on that day until blood shed from their feet. The point is that a pilgrim to the holy shrine of Imam al-Husayn (‘a) is advised to pay attention to this matter and to know that modesty in journeys, when intended for Almighty Allah, is in fact sublimity and elevation. About the etiquettes of visiting the holy tomb of Imam al-Husayn (‘a), Imam al-Sadiq (‘a) is reported to have said, “Whoever comes to the tomb of al-Husayn (‘a) walking, Almighty Allah will record for him one thousand rewards, erase one thousand of his evildoings, and raise him one thousand ranks for each step he walks. So, when you reach the river Euphrates, you may wash yourself, take off your shoes, and walk barefoot like a subservient slave.”
Fifth: A pilgrim to Imam al-Husayn’s tomb is advised to make all possible efforts to help the walking pilgrims who seem to be tired and exhausted, through taking care of their affairs and carrying them to a rest house where they can have some rest. To belittle such poor pilgrims and to refrain from lending them a hand are strongly discommended matters. Through a valid chain of authority, al-Kulayni has reported Abu-Harun as saying: One day, we were in the presence of Imam al-Sadiq ('a) who, reproaching us, said, “Why are you belittling us?” A man from Khurasan stood up and said, “We do seek Allah’s protection against belittling you or any item of your affairs!” The Imam ('a) answered, “Yes, you have been one of those who belittled and insulted me!” The man said, “I seek Allah’s protection against being so!” The Imam ('a) explained, “Woe to you! Have you not heard so-and-so calling at you when we were close to al-Juhfah? He begged you to make him ride with you on your riding-animal even for a short distance, because he was too tired to walk any longer. Nevertheless, you did not even turn your face towards him; rather, you belittled him. Hence, whoever humiliates a faithful believer will have humiliated us and violated Allah’s sanctities.” In the ninth point of the previously mentioned general manners of journeys to the holy shrines, I have mentioned a few words confirming this mannerism. Although this mannerism is not dedicated to the journeys to Imam al-Husayn’s tomb only, I have mentioned it here because it very frequently takes place during such journeys.
Sixth: Muhammad ibn Muslim, the lofty and trustworthy companion of the Imam, has reported that he asked Imam Muhammad al-Baqir ('a), “When we go on a journey for visiting your father, are we not on a ritual pilgrimage (i.e. hajj)?” The Imam ('a) answered, “Yes, we are.” Muhammad asked, “Are we required to do whatever we do when we are on ritual pilgrimage?” The Imam ('a) said, “You are required to commit yourself to excellent company with those who accompany you. You are required to speak as little as possible except when you utter good wording. You are required to mention Almighty Allah as much as possible. You are required to keep your dress clean. You are required to bathe yourself before arriving at al-Ha'ir. You are required to be fearful of Almighty Allah, to offer as many prayers as possible, and to invoke Almighty Allah’s blessings upon the Holy Prophet and his Household. You are required to keep yourself away from whatever you are advised not to do. You are required to cast down your sight against whatever is forbidden for you to see and whatever is suspected. You are required to bestow charitably upon your needy brethren-in-faith when they are detached (of relatives or friends) and to give them the half of your expenditure. You are required to adhere to taqiyyah (self-protection: the practice of concealing one's belief and foregoing ordinary religious duties when under threat of death or injury to oneself and one's brethren-in-faith), which is the basis of your religion, to forsake all deeds against which you have been warned, and to leave disputation with others, taking much oath, and engaging yourself in arguments that oblige you to swear. If you do all these required instructions, your obligatory and recommended pilgrimage will be perfect and you will have been qualified to receive forgiveness, mercy, and pleasure from the One Whom you sought what He has in possession through spending such money and leaving your family members.
Seventh: According to the report of Abu-Hamzah al-Thumali, Imam al-Sadiq ('a) said about the journey of visiting Imam al-Husayn’s tomb, “As soon as you arrive at Nineveh, you may reside there. As long as you reside there, you must not anoint your body, darken your eyes with kohl, or eat meat.”
Eighth: It is recommended to bathe oneself with the water of River Euphrates. Many traditions have revealed the merits of doing so. For instance, Imam al-Sadiq ('a) is reported to have said, “Whoever bathes himself with the water of the Euphrates and then comes to visit Imam al-Husayn’s tomb, will be as free of sins as the day on which his mother gave birth to him, even if such sins were grand ones.” It is also reported that the Imam ('a) was once asked, “It happens that it becomes impossible for us to bathe ourselves with the water of the Euphrates due to cold weather or other reasons. What should we do then?” The Imam ('a) answered, “Whoever bathes himself with the water of the Euphrates and then visits al-Husayn (`a), will have uncountable rewards.” Bashir al-Dahhan has reported Imam al-Sadiq ('a) as saying, “If one comes to the tomb of al-Husayn ibn `Ali (`a) and performs ablution (wudu') and bathes oneself with the water of River Euphrates, Almighty Allah will record for him the reward of one-time hajj and one-time Umrah with every step one makes.” Other traditions instruct that it is advised to come to the Euphrates and bathe oneself therein in front of Imam al-Husayn’s tomb. According to other traditions, it is recommended to repeat each of the following statements one hundred times as soon as one arrives at River Euphrates: Allah is the Most Great.
allahu akbaru
اَللَّهُ اكْبَرُ
There is no god save Allah.
wa la ilaha illa allahu
لاَ إِلٰهَ إِلاَّ ٱللَّهُ
O Allah, send blessings on Muhammad and the Household of Muhammad.
allahumma salli `ala muhammadin wa ali muhammadin
اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ

Ninth:
On the instruction of Imam al-Sadiq ('a) to Yusuf al-Kunnasi, it is recommended to enter the courtyard of Imam al-Husayn’s holy shrine from the eastern gate.

Tenth:
Ibn Qawlawayh has reported that Imam al-Sadiq ('a) said to al-Mufaddal ibn `Umar, “If you reach the tomb of al-Husayn ('a), you may stop at the gate of the courtyard and say the following sentences, for each sentence brings you a share of Almighty Allah’s mercy:
اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ آدَمَ صَفْوَةِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya waritha adama safwati allahi
Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Adam the choice of Allah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ نُوحٍ نَبِيِّ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya waritha nuhin nabiyyi allahi
Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Noah the prophet of Allah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ خَلِيلِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya waritha ibrahima khalili allahi
Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Abraham the friend of Allah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ مُوسَىٰ كَلِيمِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya waritha musa kalimi allahi
Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Moses the spoken by Allah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ عِيسَىٰ رُوحِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya waritha `isa ruhi allahi
Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Jesus the spirit of Allah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ مُحَمَّدٍ حَبِيبِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya waritha muhammadin habibi allahi
Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Muhammad the most-beloved of Allah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ عَلِيٍّ وَصِيِّ رَسُولِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya waritha `aliyyin wasiyyi rasuli allahi
Peace be upon you, O inheritor of `Ali the successor of Allah’s Messenger.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ ٱلحَسَنِ ٱلرَّضِيِّ
alssalamu `alayka ya waritha alhasani alrradiyyi
Peace be upon you, O inheritor of al-Hasan the Well-pleased.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيكَ يَا وَارِثَ فَاطِمَةَ بِنْتَ رَسُولِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya waritha fatimata binti rasuli allahi
Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Fatimah the daughter of Allah’s Messenger.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ ايُّهَا ٱلشَّهِيدُ ٱلصِّدِّيقُ
alssalamu `alayka ayyuha alshshahidu alssiddiqu
Peace be upon you, O martyr and veracious.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ ايُّهَا ٱلْوَصِيُّ ٱلْبَارُّ ٱلْتَّقِيُّ
alssalamu `alayka ayyuha alwasiyyu albarru alttqiyyu
Peace be upon you, O obedient and pious successor.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَىٰ ٱلارْوَاحِ ٱلَّتي حَلَّتْ بِفِنَائِكَ وَانَاخَتْ بِرَحْلِكَ
alssalamu `ala al-arwahi allati hallat bifina'ika wa anakhat birahlika
Peace be upon the souls that resided in your yard and settled next to your place.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَىٰ مَلاَئِكَةِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلْمُحْدِقِينَ بِكَ
alssalamu `ala mala'ikati allahi almuhdiqina bika
Peace be upon the angels of Allah who keep eyes on you.

اشْهَدُ انَّكَ قَدْ اقَمْتَ ٱلصَّلاَةَ
ashhadu annaka qad aqamta alssalata
I bear witness that you performed the prayers,

وَآتَيْتَ ٱلزَّكَاةَ
wa atayta alzzakata
defrayed the poor-rate,

وَامَرْتَ بِٱلْمَعْرُوفِ
wa amarta bilma`rufi
enjoined the right,

وَنَهَيْتَ عَنِ ٱلْمُنْكَرِ
wa nahayta `an almunkari
forbade the evil,

وَعَبَدْتَ ٱللَّهَ مُخْلِصاً حَتَّىٰ اتَاكَ ٱلْيَقِينُ
wa `abadta allaha mukhlisan hatta ataka alyaqinu
and served Allah sincerely until death came upon you.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ وَرَحْمَةُ ٱللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ
alssalamu `alayka wa rahmatu allahi wa barakatuhu
Peace and Allah’s mercy and blessings be upon you.

You may then walk towards the tomb. With each step you make, you will be awarded the reward of one who sacrifices his blood for the sake of Allah. When you approach the tomb, you may wipe your hand over it and say:
ا َلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا حُجَّةَ ٱللَّهِ فِي ارْضِهِ وَسَمَاءِِهِ
mu `alayka ya hujjata allahi fi ardihi wa sama'
Peace be upon you, O Allah’s argument in His lands and heavens

You may then go for offering the prayer. For each unit of prayer that you offer near the tomb, you will have the reward of one who went on one thousand times of hajj and one thousand times of `umrah, manumitted one thousand slaves for the sake of Allah, and stood in the line of a missioned Prophet one thousand times.

Eleventh:Salwaat on Imam Ali (as) and Lady Fatima (sa)
Abu-Sa`id al-Mada'ini is reported to have said that he, once, came to Imam al-Sadiq ('a) and asked, “May I go for visiting the tomb of al-Husayn?” The Imam ('a) answered, “Yes, you may. Go for visiting the tomb of al-Husayn the son of Allah’s Messenger, the most immaculate of all the immaculate ones, the most infallible of all the infallible ones, and the most munificent of all those who act munificently. After you visit him, you may repeat the glorification words of the Commander of the Faithful (Amir al-Mu'minin) one thousand times while you are at the head’s side and repeat the glorification words of the Luminous Lady (i.e. al-Zahra') one thousand time while you are at the legs’ side. You may then offer a two-unit prayer reciting Surah Yasin (No. 36) and Surah al-Rahman (No. 55) in that prayer. If you do so, you will earn a great reward.” When the reporter asked the Imam ('a) to teach him the glorification words of the Commander of the Faithful and those of the Luminous Lady, the Imam said: The glorification words of (Imam) `Ali are the following:
سُبْحَانَ ٱلَّذِي لاَ تَنْفَدُ خَزَائِنُهُ
subhana alladhi la tanfadu khaza'inuhu
Glory be to Him Whose reserves never run out.

سُبْحَانَ ٱلَّذِي لاَ تَبِيدُ مَعَالِمُهُ
subhana alladhi la tabidu ma`alimuhu
Glory be to Him Whose signs are never exterminated.

سُبْحَانَ ٱلَّذِي لاَ يَفْنَىٰ مَا عِنْدَهُ
subhana alladhi la yafna ma `indahu
Glory be to Him Whose possessions never expire.

سُبْحَانَ ٱلَّذِي لاَ يُشْرِكُ احَداً فِي حُكْمِهِ
subhana alladhi la yushriku ahadan fi hukmihi
Glory be to Him Who never betakes to Himself a partner in His judgments.

سُبْحَانَ ٱلَّذِي لاَ ٱضْمِحْلاَلَ لِفَخْرِهِ
subhana alladhi la idmihlala lifakhrihi
Glory be to Him Whose honor never vanishes.

سُبحَانَ ٱلَّذِي لاَ ٱنْقِطَاعَ لِمُدَّتِهِ
subhana alladhi la inqita`a limuddatihi
Glory be to Him Whose duration (of existence) is never interrupted.

سُبْحَانَ ٱلَّذِي لاَ إِلٰهَ غَيْرُهُ
subhana alladhi la ilaha ghayruhu
Glory be to Him save Whom there is no god.


The glorification words of Fatimah (`a) are the following:
سُبْحَانَ ذِي ٱلْجَلاَلِ ٱلْبَاذِخِ ٱلْعَظِيمِ
dhi aljalali albadhikhi al`az
Glory be to the Lord of majesty and exalted great

سُبْحَانَ ذِي ٱلْعِزِّ ٱلشَّامِخِ ٱلْمُنِيفِ
dhi al`izzi alshshamikhi almunif
Glory be to the Lord of honor and sublime author

سُبْحَانَ ذِي ٱلْمُلْكِ ٱلْفَاخِرِ ٱلْقَدِيمِ
dhi almulki alfakhiri alqad
Glory be to the Lord of eternal, splendid sovereign

سُبْحَانَ ذِي ٱلْبَهْجَةِ وَٱلْجَمَالِ
dhi albahjati waljamal
Glory be to the Lord of splendor and beauty

سُبْحَانَ مَنْ تَرَدَّىٰ بِٱلنُّورِ وَٱلْوَقَارِ
man taradda bilnnuri walwaqar
Glory be to Him Who is clad in light and dignity

سُبحَانَ مَنْ يَرَىٰ اثَرَ ٱلَّنمْلِ فِي ٱلصَّفَا
man yara athara alnnamli fi alssfa
Glory be to Him Who makes out the footprints of the ant on the

وَوَقْعَ ٱلطَّيْرِ فِي ٱلْهَوَاءِ
a alttayri fi alhawa
and (the exact time and place of) the bird dipping down through the


Twelfth:
It is recommended to perform the obligatory prayers and offer the supererogatory prayers (nafilah) near the tomb of Imam al-Husayn ('a), because prayers at that place are admissible. Sayyid Ibn Tawus further says, “Try your best to perform all your obligatory prayers and offer all your supererogatory prayers inside the Ha'ir (i.e. courtyard of Imam al-Husayn’s holy shrine), because the reward of one obligatory prayer that is performed therein is equal to the reward of going on ritual pilgrimage (hajj) and the reward of offering a supererogatory prayer therein is equal to the reward of going on recommended pilgrimage (`umrah).”
A previously mentioned tradition of al-Mufaddal ibn `Umar has mentioned the numerous merits of offering prayers inside the holy shrine. According to another validly reported tradition, Imam al-Sadiq ('a) is reported to have said, “The reward of a one-time hajj and a one-time `umrah is recorded for one who offers a two-unit or a four-unit prayer near the tomb of Imam al-Husayn ('a).” From these traditions, it becomes apparent that the prayer of visitation (salat al-ziyarah), or any other prayer, is preferably offered behind the holy tomb or subsequent to the side of the head. One who offers a prayer subsequent to the side of the head is advised to come back a little bit so as to avoid being adjacent to the holy tomb.
According to another tradition that is reported by Abu-Hamzah al-Thumali, Imam al-Sadiq ('a) has said, “You may offer a two-unit prayer at the side of the head, reciting Surah al-Hamd (i.e. al-Fatihah; No. 1) and Surah Yasin in the first unit. In the second, you may read Surah al-Hamd and Surah al-Rahman. You may also offer a prayer behind the tomb; yet, to offer it at the side of the head is more preferable. When you accomplish the prayer, you may offer any other prayer except the two-unit prayer of ziyarah, which must be offered whenever a tomb is visited.” Ibn Qawlawayh has reported Imam al-Baqir ('a) as saying to someone, “What prevents you, whenever you have a need to be granted, from going to the tomb of al-Husayn, offer a four-unit prayer therein, and then pray for the granting of your request? Verily, an obligatory prayer therein is equal in reward to ritual pilgrimage (hajj), while a supererogatory prayer is equal to a supererogatory pilgrimage (`umrah).”


Thirteenth:
Be it known to you that the most important act in the pure shrine of Imam al-Husayn ('a) is to pray Almighty Allah, because granting of requests under the supreme dome of his shrine is one of the distinctive returns that Almighty Allah has exclusively given to Imam al-Husayn ('a) as one compensation for his martyrdom. Seizing this opportunity, a pilgrim is advised not to show any shortcoming in entreating Almighty Allah, turning to Him, repenting before Him, and providing one’s needs to Him. Through the numerous forms of ziyarah that are said during visiting Imam al-Husayn’s tomb, many supplicatory prayers, holding high meanings, have been mentioned to be said there. However, briefness has not allowed us to cite all these supplicatory prayers here. It is most advisable to say the supplications of al-Sahifah al-Sajjadiyyah, because they are the most preferable. At the end of this section and immediately after the comprehensive forms of Ziyarah, I will cite a comprehensive supplicatory prayer that is said in all of the holy shrines. Besides, another, most comprehensive, supplicatory prayer that is said in all of the holy shrines will be also cited in this book. It is therefore advised not to miss these supplicatory prayers. However, in order to avoid making this part of the book free of any supplicatory prayer, let us cite the following one, which is required to be said while raising one’s hands towards the sky:
اَللَّهُمَّ قَدْ تَرَىٰ مَكَانِي
allahumma qad tara makani
O Allah, You do see my place,

وَتَسْمَعُ كَلاَمِي
wa tasma`u kalami
hear my words,

وَتَرَىٰ مَقَامِي وَتَضَرُّعِي
wa tara maqami wa tadarru`i
and see you situation, imploration,

وَمَلاَذِي بِقَبْرِ حُجَّتِكَ وَٱبْنِ نَبِيِّكَ
wa maladhi biqabri hujjatika wabni nabiyyika
and seeking shelter with the tomb of Your Argument and Your Prophet’s son.

وَقَدْ عَلِمْتَ يَا سَيِّدِي حَوَائِجِي
wa qad `alimta ya sayyidi hawa'iji
You, O my Master, have already known my needs

وَلاَ يَخْفَىٰ عَلَيْكَ حَالِي
wa la yakhfa `alayka hali
and none of my manners can be hidden from You.

وَقَدْ تَوَجَّهْتُ إِلَيْكَ بِٱبْنِ رَسُولِكَ
wa qad tawajjahtu ilayka bibni rasulika
I am now turning my face towards You in the name of Your Prophet’s son,

وَحُجَّتِكَ وَامِينِكَ
wa hujjatika wa aminika
You Argument, and Your trustee.

وَقَدْ اتَيْتُكَ مُتَقَرِّباً بِهِ إِلَيْكَ وَإِلىٰ رَسُولِكَ
wa qad ataytuka mutaqarriban bihi ilayka wa ila rasulika
I have come to You seeking nearness to You in his name and in the name of Your Messenger.

فَٱجْعَلْنِي بِهِ عِنْدَكَ وَجِيهاً
faj`alni bihi `indaka wajihan
So, (please), in his name, make me worthy of regard with You

فِي ٱلدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ وَمِنَ ٱلْمُقَرَّبِينَ
fi alddunya wal-akhirati wa min almuqarrabina
in this world and in the Hereafter and (make me) of those drawn near to You.

وَاعْطِنِي بِزِيَارَتِي امَلِي
wa a`tini biziyarati amali
And grant me, due to this visit of mine, what I hope,

وَهَبْ لِي مُنَايَ
wa hab li munaya
endue me with my wish,

وَتَفَضَّلْ عَلَيَّ بِشَهْوَتِي وَرَغْبَتِي
wa tafaddal `alayya bishahwati wa raghbati
favor me with my desire and aspiration,

وَٱقْضِ لِي حَوَائِجِي
waqdi li hawa'iji
settle for me my needs,

وَلاَ تَرُدَّنِي خَائِباً
wa la taruddani kha'iban
do not reject me with disappointment,

وَلاَ تَقْطَعْ رَجَائِي
wa la taqta` raja'i
do not cut off my hope (in You),

وَلاَ تُخَيِّبْ دُعَائِي
wa la tukhayyib du`a'i
do not let down my prayer,

وَعَرِّفْنِي ٱلإِجَابَةِ فِي جَمِيعِ مَا دَعَوْتُكَ
wa `arrifni al-ijabata fi jami`i ma da`awtuka
show me proofs of Your response to all that which I prayed You for,

مِنْ امْرِ ٱلدِّينِ وَٱلدُّنْيَا وَٱلآخِرَةِ
min amri alddini walddnya wal-akhirati
including the affairs of my religion, worldly life, and the Hereafter,

وَٱجْعَلْنِي مِنْ عِبَادِكَ
waj`alni min `ibadika
include me with Your servants

ٱلَّذِينَ صَرَفْتَ عَنْهُمُ ٱلْبَلاَيَا وَٱلامْرَاضَ
alladhina sarafta `anhum albalaya wal-amrada
from whom You have warded off misfortunes, diseases,

وَٱلْفِتَنَ وَٱلاعْرَاضَ
walfitana wal-a`rada
seditious matters, and calamities;

مِنَ ٱلذِّينَ تُحْيِيهِمْ فِي عَافِيَةٍٍ
min alladhina tuhyihim fi `afiyatin
those whom You make live in wellbeing,

وَتُميتُهُمْ فِي عَافِيَةٍ
wa tumituhm fi `afiyatin
cause to die in wellbeing,

وَتُدْخِلُهُمُ ٱلْجَنَّةَ فِي عَافِيَةٍ
wa tudkhiluhum aljannata fi `afiyatin
allow to enter Paradise in wellbeing,

وَتُجِيرُهُمْ مِنَ ٱلنَّارِ فِي عَافِيَةٍ
wa tujiruhum min alnnari fi `afiyatin
and save from Hellfire in wellbeing;

وَوَفِّقْ لِي بِمَنٍّ مِنْكَ
wa waffiq li bimannin minka
and, out of Your favor, lead me

صَلاَحَ مَا اؤَمِلَّ فِي نَفْسِي
salaha ma u'ammilu fi nafsi
to the achievement of what I hope for regarding myself,

وَاهْلِي وَوُلْدِي وَإِخْوَانِي وَمَالِي
wa ahli wa wuldi wa ikhwani wa mali
my wife, my sons, my brethren-in-faith, my properties,

وَجَمِيعِ مَا انْعَمْتَ بِهِ عَلَيَّ
wa jami`i ma an`amta bihi `alayya
and whatever bliss You have endowed me;

يَا ارْحَمَ ٱلرَّاحِمينَ
ya arhama alrrahimina
O most merciful of all those who show mercy!



Fourteenth:
Salwaat :Among the rites to be done in the holy shrine of Imam al-Husayn ('a) is to invoke Almighty Allah’s blessings upon him. It is thus reported to stand behind the tomb at the side of the two shoulders and to invoke Almighty Allah’s blessings upon the Holy Prophet (s) and Imam al-Husayn ('a). In his book of Misbah al-Za'ir, Sayyid Ibn Tawus has reported the following form of invocation of blessings upon Imam al-Husayn ('a) within some forms of ziyarah:
اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ
allahumma salli `ala muhammadin wa ali muhammadin
O Allah, (please) send blessings upon Muhammad and the Household of Muhammad

وَصَلِّ عَلَىٰ ٱلْحُسَيْنِ ٱلْمَظْلُومِ ٱلشَّهِيدِ
wa salli `ala alhusayni almazlumi alshshahidi
and send blessings upon al-Husayn, the wronged, the martyred,

قَتِيلِ ٱلْعَبَرَاتِ وَاسِيرِ ٱلْكُرُبَاتِ
qatili al`abarati wa asiri alkurubati
the victim of shed tears, and the captive of agonies

صَلاَةً نَامِيَةً زَاكِيَةً مُبَارَكَةً
salatan namiyatan zakiyatan mubarakatan
with ever-increasing, pure, and sacred blessings

يَصْعَدُ اوَّلُهَا وَلاَ يَنْفَدُ آخِرُهَا
yas`adu awwaluha wa la yanfadu akhiruha
the first of which ascend and the last of which never run out;

افْضَلَ مَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَىٰ احَدٍ
afdala ma sallayta `ala ahadin
with the best manner that You have ever conferred upon any

مِنْ اوْلاَدِ ٱلانْبِيَاءِ وَٱلْمُرْسَلِينَ
min awladi al-anbya'i walmursalina
of the descendants of the Prophets and Messengers,

يَا رَبَّ ٱلْعَالِمينَ
ya rabba al`alamina
O Lord of the worlds!

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ ٱلإِمَامِ ٱلشَّهِيدِ
allahumma salli `ala al-imami alshshahidi
O Allah, send blessings upon the Imam, the martyr,

ٱلْمَقْتُولِ ٱلْمَظْلُومِ ٱلْمَخْذُولِ
almaqtuli almazlumi almakhdhuli
the slain, the wronged, the disappointed,

وَٱلسَّيِّدِ ٱلْقَائِدِ وَٱلْعَابِدِ ٱلزَّاهِدِ
walssayyidi alqa'idi wal`abidi alzzahidi
the leading master, the worshipper, the abstemious,

وَٱلْوَصِيِّ ٱلْخَلِيفَةِ ٱلإِمَامِ ٱلصِّدِّيقِ
walwasiyyi alkhalifati al-imami alssiddiqi
the successor, the vicegerent, the leader, the veracious,

ٱلطُّهْرِ ٱلطَّاهِرِ ٱلطَّيِّبِ ٱلْمُبَارَكِ
alttuhri alttahiri alttayyibi almubaraki
the pure, the immaculate, the superb, the blessed,

وَٱلرَّضِيِّ ٱلْمَرْضِيِّ وَٱلتَّقِيِّ ٱلْهَادِي ٱلْمَهْدِيِّ
walrradiyyi almardiyyi walttaqiyyi alhadi almahdiyyi
the amiable, the pleased, the pious, the guide, the well-guided,

ٱلزَّاهِدِ ٱلذَّائِدِ ٱلْمُجَاهِدِ ٱلْعَالِمِ
alzzahidi aldhdha'idi almujahidi al`alimi
the abstemious, the defender (of Islam), the striver, the knowledgeable,

إِمَامِ ٱلْهُدَىٰ سِبْطِ ٱلرَّسُولِ وَقُرَّةِ عَيْنِ ٱلْبَتُولِ
imami alhuda sibti alrrasuli wa qurrati `ayni albatuli
the leader of true guidance, the grandson of the Messenger, and the delight of the eye of the Chaste Lady.

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ سَيِّدِي وَمَوْلاَيَ
allahumma salli `ala sayyidi wa mawlaya
O Allah, send blessings upon my master and chief

كَمَا عَمِلَ بِطَاعَتِكَ
kama `amila bita`atika
for he acted obediently to You,

وَنَهَىٰ عَنْ مَعْصِيَتِكَ
wa naha `an ma`siyatika
warned against disobeying You,

وَبَالَغَ فِي رِضْوَانِكَ
wa balagha fi ridwanika
made all efforts to attain Your pleasure,

وَاقْبَلَ عَلَىٰ إِيـمَانِكَ
wa aqbala `ala imanika
warmly received belief in You,

غَيْرَ قَابِل فِيكَ عُذْراً
ghayra qabilin fika `udhran
rejected all excuses against You,

سِرّاً وَعَلاَنِيَةً يَدْعُو ٱلْعِبَادِ إِلَيْكَ
sirran wa `alaniyatan yad`u al`ibada ilayka
called the servants to You secretly and openly,

وَيَدُلُّهُمْ عَلَيْكَ
wa yadullhum `alayka
showed them the way to You,

وَقَامَ بَيْنَ يَدَيْكَ
wa qama bayna yadayka
undertook in obedience to You the mission

يَهْدِمُ ٱلْجَوْرَ بِٱلصَّوَابِ
yahdimu aljawra bilssawabi
of demolishing inequity with rectitude

وَيُحْيِي ٱلسُّنَّةَ بِٱلْكِتَابِ
wa yuhyi alssunnata bilkitabi
and refreshing the traditions in the (light of the) Book.

فَعَاشَ فِي رِضْوَانِكَ مَكْدُوداً
fa`asha fi ridwanika makdudan
So, he lived in fatigue for the sake of Your pleasure

وَمَضَىٰ عَلَىٰ طَاعَتِكَ وَفِي اوْلِيَائِكَ مَكْدُوحاً
wa mada `ala ta`atika wa fi awliya'ika makduhan
and passed away in obedience to You, working hard for the sake of Your Intimate Servants.

وَقَضَىٰ إِلَيْكَ مَفْقُوداً
wa qada ilayka mafqudan
He thus joined You missed (by the believers).

لَمْ يَعْصِكَ فِي لَيْلٍ وَلاَ نَهَارٍ
lam ya`sika fi laylin wa la naharin
He never disobeyed You; neither at night nor in day;

بَلْ جَاهَدَ فِيكَ ٱلْمُنَافِقِينَ وَٱلْكُفَّارَ
bal jahada fika almunafiqina walkuffara
rather, he, for Your sake, strove against the hypocrites and the unbelievers.

اَللَّهُمَّ فَٱجْزِهِ خَيْرَ جَزَاءِ ٱلصَّادِقِينَ ٱلابْرَارِ
allahumma fajzihi khayra jaza'i alssadiqina al-abrari
So, O Allah, (please) award him with the best reward of the veracious and the righteous

وَضَاعِفْ عَلَيْهِمُ ٱلْعَذَابَ وَلِقَاتِلِيهِ ٱلْعِقَابَ
wa da`if `alayhim al`adhaba wa liqatilihi al`iqaba
and multiply the chastisement and the punishment for those who slew him.

فَقَدْ قَاتَلَ كَرِيماً وَقُتِلَ مَظْلُوماً وَمَضَىٰ مَرْحُوماً
faqad qatala kariman wa qutila mazluman wa mada marhuman
Verily, he fought with nobility, was slain wrongly, and passed away enjoying mercy.

يَقُولُ انَا ٱبْنُ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ مُحَمَّدٍ
yaqulu ana ibnu rasuli allahi muhammadin
He said to them, “I am the son of Allah’s Messenger Muhammad

وَٱبْنُ مَنْ زَكَّىٰ وَعَبَدَ
wabnu man zakka wa `abada
and the son of him who gave alms and served Allah.

فَقَتَلُوهُ بِٱلْعَمْدِ ٱلْمُعْتَمَدِ
faqataluhu bil`amdi almu`tamadi
Yet, they slew him clearly intentionally.

قَتَلُوهُ عَلَىٰ ٱلإِيـمَانِ
qataluhu `ala al'imani
They slew him because of his faith;

وَاطَاعُوٱ فِي قَتْلِهِ ٱلشَّيْطَانَ
wa ata`u fi qatlihi alshshaytana
therefore, they obeyed Satan

وَلَمْ يُرَاقِبُوٱ فِيهِ ٱلرَّحْمٰنَ
wa lam yuraqibu fihi alrrahmana
and never cared for the All-beneficent Lord.

اَللَّهُمَّ فَصَلِّ عَلَىٰ سَيِّدِي وَمَوْلاَيَ
allahumma fasalli `ala sayyidi wa mawlaya
So, O Allah, (please) send upon my master and chief

صَلاَةً تَرْفَعُ بِهَا ذِكْرَه
salatan tarfa`u biha dhikrahu
such blessings by which You raise his eminence,

وَتُظْهِرُ بِهَا امْرَهُ
wa tuzhiru biha amrahu
make prevalent his issue,

وَتُعَجِّلُ بِهَا نَصْرَهُ
wa tu`ajjilu biha nasrahu
and hasten his victory.

وَٱخْصُصْهُ بِافْضَلِ قِسَمِ ٱلْفَضَائِلِ يَوْمَ ٱلْقِيَامَةِ
wakhsushu bi'afdali qisami alfada'ili yawma alqiyamati
And (please) endue him on the Resurrection day with the best of Your favors,

وَزِدْهُ شَرَفاً فِي اعَلىٰ عِلِّيِّينَ
wa zid-hu sharafan fi a`la `illiyyina
increase his honor to the highest degree of the Supreme Rank,

وَبَلِّغْهُ اعَلَىٰ شَرَفِ ٱلْمُكَرَّمِينَ
wa ballighhu a`la sharafi almukarramina
take him higher to the highest rank of the honored ones,

وَٱرْفَعْهُ مِنْ شَرَفِ رَحْمَتِكَ
warfa`hu min sharafi rahmatika
raise him in the honor of Your mercy

فِي شَرَفِ ٱلْمُقَرَّبِينَ
fi sharafi almuqarrabina
to the honor of the most favorable ones

فِي ٱلرَّفيعِ ٱلاعَلىٰ
fi alrrafi`i al-a`la
in the Highest Level,

وَبَلِّغْهُ ٱلْوَسِيلَةَ وَٱلْمَنْزِلَةَ ٱلْجَلِيلَةَ
wa ballighhu alwasilata walmanzilata aljalilata
grant him the right of mediation, the loftiest position,

وَٱلْفَضْلَ وَٱلْفَضِيلَةَ
walfadla walfadilata
the superiority, the excellence,

وَٱلْكِرَامَةَ ٱلْجَزِيلَةَ
walkaramata aljazilata
and the abundant privilege.

اَللَّهُمَّ فَٱجْزِهِ عَنَّا افْضَلَ مَا جَازَيْتَ إِمَاماً عَنْ رَعِيَّتِهِ
allahumma fajzihi `anna afdala ma jazayta imaman `an ra`iyyatihi
O Allah, (please) award him on behalf of us with the most excellent reward that You have ever given to a leader on behalf of his subjects

وَصَلِّ عَلَىٰ سَيِّدِي وَمَوْلاَيَ كُلَّمَا ذُكِرَ
wa salli `ala sayyidi wa mawlaya kullama dhukira
and bless my master and chief whenever he is mentioned

وَكُلَّمَا لَمْ يُذْكَرْ
wa kullama lam yudhkar
and whenever he is not.

يَا سَيِّدِي وَمَوْلاَيَ
ya sayyidi wa mawlaya
O my master and chief,

ادْخِلْنِي فِي حِزْبِكَ وَزُمْرَتِكَ
adkhilni fi hizbika wa zumratika
include me with your party and group

وَٱسْتَوْهِبْنِي مِنْ رَبِّكَ وَرَبِّي
wastawhibni min rabbka wa rabbi
and ask my and your Lord to release me as grant from Him to you,

فَإِنَّ لَكَ عِنْدَ ٱللَّهِ جَاهاً وَقَدْراً
fa'inna laka `inda allahi jahan wa qadran
for you verily enjoy a special esteem and value with Allah

وَمَنْزِلَةً رَفيعَةً
wa manzilatan rafi`atan
as well as a lofty standing:

إِنْ سَالْتَ اعْطِيتَ
in sa'alta u`tita
if you ask, He gives you

وَإِنْ شَفَعْتَ شُفِّعْتَ
wa in shafa`ta shuffi`ta
and if you intercede, He admits your intercession.

اللَّهَ اللَّهَ فِي عَبْدِكَ وَمَوْلاَكَ
allaha allaha fi `abdika wa mawlaka
By Allah I ask you to regard me, your slave and servant.

لاََ تُخَلِّنِي عِنْدَ ٱلشَّدَائِدِ وَٱلاهْوَالِ
la tukhallini `inda alshshda'idi wal-ahwali
Do not desert me at the time of ordeals and horrors

لِسُوءِ عَمَلِي وَقَبِيحِ فِعْلِي وَعَظِيمِ جُرْمِي
lisu'i `amali wa qabihi fi`li wa `azimi jurmi
because of my evildoing, misconduct, and enormous offenses.

فَإِنَّكَ امَلِي وَرَجَائِي
fa'innaka amali wa raja'i
You are verily my hope and my wish,

وَثِقَتِي وَمُعْتَمَدِي
wa thiqati wa mu`tamadi
I have confidence in you, I rely upon you,

وَوَسِيلَتِي إِلَىٰ ٱللَّهِ رَبِّي وَرَبِّكَ
wa wasilati ila allahi rabbi wa rabbika
and you are my means to Allah, my and your Lord.

لَمْ يَتَوَسَّلِ ٱلْمُتَوَسِّلُونَ إِلَىٰ ٱللَّهِ
lam yatawassal almutawassiluna ila allahi
No means that has been made to Allah

بِوَسِيلَة هِيَ اعْظَمُ حَقّاً
biwasilatin hiya a`zamu haqqan
is greater in status,

وَلاَ اوْجَبُ حُرْمَةً
wa la awjabu hurmatan
more incumbent in sanctity,

وَلاَ اجَّلُ قَدْراً
wa la ajallu qadran
or loftier in eminence

عِنْدَهُ مِنْكُمْ اهْلَ ٱلْبَيْتِ
`indahu minkum ahla albayti
than yours, the Ahl al-Bayt, in the sight of Allah.

لاََ خَلَّفَنِيَ ٱللَّهُ عَنْكُمْ بِذُنُوبِي
la khallafani allahu `ankum bidhunubi
May Allah never cause me to lag behind you because of my sins

وَجَمَعَنِي وَإِيَّاكُمْ فِي جَنَّةِ عَدْنٍ
wa jama`ani wa iyyakum fi jannati `adnin
and may He join me with you in the perpetual abode of Paradise

ٱلَّتِي اعَدَّهَا لَكُمْ وَلاِوْلِيَائِكُمْ
allati a`addaha lakum wa li'awliya'ikum
that He has prepared for you and your loyalists.

إِنَّهُ خَيْرُ ٱلْغَافِرِينَ وَارْحَمَ ٱلرَّاحِمِينَ
innahu khayru alghafirina wa arhamu alrrahimina
Verily, He is the best of all those who may forgive and the most merciful of all those who show mercy.

اَللَّهُمَّ ابْلِغْ سَيِّدِي وَمَوْلاَيَ
allahumma abligh sayyidi wa mawlaya
O Allah, (please) convey to my master and chief

تَحِيَّةً كَثِيرَةً وَسَلاَماً
tahiyyatan kathiratan wa salaman
abundant greetings and salutations

وَٱرْدُدْ عَلَيْنَا مِنْهُ ٱلسَّلاَمَ
wardud `alayna minhu alssalama
and convey to us his response to our greetings.

إِنَّكَ جَوَادٌ كَرِيمٌ
innaka jawadun karimun
You are verily All-magnanimous and All-generous.

وَصَلِّ عَلَيْهِ كُلَّمَا ذُكِرَ ٱلسَّلاَمُ
wa salli `alayhi kullama dhukira alssalamu
And bless him whenever blessing is mentioned

وَكُلَّمَا لَمْ يُذْكَرْ يَا رَبَّ ٱلْعَالَمِينَ
wa kullama lam yudhkar ya rabba al`alamina
and whenever it is not mentioned, O Lord of the worlds!

Within the recommended acts on the `Ashura' Day, I have cited a form of ziyarah of Imam al-Husayn ('a). At the end of this section, I will mention another invocation of blessings upon the Immaculate Imams ('a), which comprises a brief invocation of blessings upon Imam al-Husayn ('a) exclusively. So, do not miss these invocations.
Fifteenth:
Among the recommended acts in the shrine of Imam al-Husayn ('a) is to say the supplicatory prayer of the oppressed against the oppressor. In other words, one who has been exposed to wronging by an oppressor is advised to pray Almighty Allah with this supplicatory prayer in the holy shrine of Imam al-Husayn ('a). This supplicatory prayer, which has been recorded by Shaykh al-Tusi in his book of Misbah al-Mutahajjid to be one of the recommended acts on Fridays, is as follows:
اَللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي اعْتَزُّ بِدِينِكَ
allahumma inni a`tazzu bidinika
O Allah, I obtain my dignity from following Your religion

وَاكْرُمُ بِهِدَايَتِكَ
wa akrumu bihidayatika
and I am honored because of You have guided me,

وَ… يُذِلُّنِي بِشَرِّهِ
wa…anun yudhilluni bisharrihi
but [so-and-so] is humiliating me by his evil,

وَيُهِينُنِي بِاذِيَّتِهِ
wa yuhinuni bi'adhiyyatihi
insulting me by harming me,

وَيُعِيبُنِي بِوَلاَءِ اوْلِيَائِكَ
wa yu`ibuni biwala'i awliya'ika
imputing dishonor to me because I am loyal to Your Representatives,

وَيَبْهَتُنِي بِدَعْوَاهُ
wa yabhatuni bida`wahu
and charging me with false claims.

وَقَدْ جِئْتُ إِلَىٰ مَوْضِعِ ٱلدُّعَاءِ
wa qad ji'tu ila mawdi`i alddu`a'i
I have come to the center of supplication

وَضَمَانِكَ ٱلإِجَابَةَ
wa damanika al-ijabata
and the guarantee of response.

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍٍ
allahumma salli `ala muhammadin wa ali muhammadin
O Allah, (please) send blessings upon Muhammad and his Household

وَاعِدْنِي عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّاعَةَ ٱلسَّاعَةَ
wa a`idni `alayhi alssa`ata alssa`ata
and support me against him at this very hour! At this very hour!

You may then throw yourself on the grave and say,
مَوْلاَيَ إِمَامِي
mawlaya imami
O my master and leader,

مَظْلُومٌ ٱسْتَعْدَىٰ عَلَىٰ ظَالِمِهِ
mazlumun ista`da `ala zalimihi
(I have been) oppressed and (I am) seeking your support against him who has oppressed me.

ٱلنَّصْرَ ٱلنَّصْرَ
alnnasra alnnasra
Grant me support! Grant me support!

The last statement may be repeated as many times as one breath may take.

Sixteenth:
Among the acts in the holy shrine of Imam al-Husayn (`a) is to say the following supplicatory prayer, which has been reported by Ibn Fahad in his book of `Uddat al-Da`i: He who wants his request to be granted by Almighty Allah may stop at the side of Imam al-Husayn’s head and say the following words:
يَا ابَا عَبْدِ ٱللَّهِ
ya aba `abdillahi
O Abu-`Abdullah,

اشْهَدُ انَّكَ تَشْهَدُ مَقَامِي
ashhadu annaka tashhadu maqami
I bear witness that you can now see my situation

وَتَسْمَعُ كَلاَمِي
wa tasma`u kalami
and hear my words

وَانَّكَ حَيٌّ عِنْدَ رَبِّكَ تُرْزَقُ
wa annaka hayyun `inda rabbika turzaqu
and that you are alive with Your Lord and you are receiving sustenance from Him.

فَٱسْالْ رَبَّكَ وَرَبِّي فِي قَضَاءِ حَوَائِجِي
fas'al rabbka wa rabbi fi qada'i hawa'iji
So (please) ask your and my Lord to grant me my requests.

He who says this supplication will have his requested granted by Almighty Allah, God willing.

Seventeenth: Among the other recommended acts in Imam al-Husayn’s holy shrine is to offer a two-unit prayer at the side of the head, reciting Surah al-Fatihah and Surah al-Rahman in the first unit and Surah al-Fatihah and Surah al-Mulk (No. 76) in the second. On the word of Sayyid Ibn Tawus, one who offers this prayer will be granted the reward of having performed an admitted and acceptable ritual pilgrimage (hajj) with the Holy Prophet (s) for twenty times.

Eighteenth:
Istikharah (i.e. asking Almighty Allah to make one choose for the best of two or more choices through a certain process when one fails to decide on a certain choice) is one of the most recommended acts to be done under the supreme dome of Imam al-Husayn’s holy shrine. According to `Allamah al-Majlisi who quotes from the book of Qurb al-Isnad by al-Himyari, Imam al-Sadiq ('a) is reported through an authentic chain of authority to have said, “If a servants repeats the process of Istikharah one hundred times next to the side of the head of Imam al-Husayn (`a) and says:
الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ
alhamdu lillahi
All praise be to Allah.

لاَ إِلٰهَ إِلاَّ ٱللَّهُ
la ilaha illa allahu
There is no god save Allah.

سُبْحَانَ ٱللَّهِ
subhana allahi
All glory be to Allah.

and then praises Almighty Allah, professes that there is no god save Him, all glory belong to Him alone, all magnificence is His alone, commends Him by suitable statements, and then asks Him to choose the best for him one hundred times—if he does all that, Almighty Allah shall most certainly inspire him to choose the best of the two choices.”
According to another tradition, the process of Istikharah is to repeat the following statement one hundred times:
اسْتَخِيرُ ٱللَّهَ بِرَحْمَتِهِ خِيَرَةً فِي عَافِيَةٍ
astakhiru allah birahmatihi khiyaratan fi `afiyatin
I ask Allah to guide me to decide on the best choice that achieves me wellbeing, out of His mercy.


Nineteenth:
The lofty and great Shaykh Abu’l-Qasim Ja`far ibn Qawlawayh al-Qummi, may Allah have mercy upon him, has reported Imam al-Sadiq ('a) to have said, “When you visit Abu-`Abdullah al-Husayn ('a), you should keep silent except for good wording. The recording angels of days and nights present themselves before the angels of Imam al-Husayn’s holy shrine to shake hands with them, but the angels of Imam al-Husayn’s shrine cannot respond to their greetings because they are too busy weeping for Imam al-Husayn to have a chance to respond to these angels. The angels of Imam al-Husayn’s shrine never stop weeping and wailing except at midday and at dawn. The recording angels therefore wait for these two times to come and talk to these angels and ask them about some matters related to the heavens. Thus, the angels of Imam al-Husayn’s shrine do not stop praying and weeping all the time between these two hours (of midday and dawn).”
Imam al-Sadiq ('a) is also reported to have said, “Almighty Allah has appointed four thousand angels, with dusty hair and appearance like people of consolation ceremony, to weep around the tomb of al-Husayn (`a) from dawn to midday. After midday, they may ascend to the heavens to be substituted by the same number of other angels who weep from that time up to dawn.” From this tradition and the like, which are numerous, we can understand that it is recommended to weep for Imam al-Husayn (`a) in his shrine.
Actually, to weep for Imam al-Husayn (`a) must be held one of the advisable acts at his holy shrine, which is the center of expressing grief for him by his adherents and loyalists.
According to the report of Safwan from Imam al-Sadiq ('a), one will never find the taste of food and drink if one knows about the earnest imprecation of the angels to Almighty Allah to curse the killers of Imam `Ali Amir al-Mu'minin and Imam al-Husayn (`a), the wailings of jinn for them, and the weeping and grief of the angels who surround the holy tomb of Imam al-Husayn ('a).
`Abdullah ibn Hammad al-Basri (i.e. of Basrah) has reported that Imam al-Sadiq ('a) asked him, “I have been informed that some people from the outskirt of al-Kufah, others from other places, and women came to wail over Imam al-Husayn (`a). Some of them recite (divine texts), others recount (the misfortunes of his martyrdom), others wail (over him), and others compose elegies on him. Is this true?” “Yes,” answered `Abdullah, “this is true. I myself have witnessed some of that.”
The Imam ('a) expressed, “All praise be to Allah Who has made some people visit, praise, and elegize us. He has also made some people criticize and find fault with these peoples for what they do. Verily, these are our enemies, be they our relatives or not.”
However, the following statement has been quoted from the aforesaid tradition:
“Every one who visits him weeps for him. Every one who could not visit him feels sad for him. Every one who could not witness him burns regretfully. Every one whose eyes fall on the grave of his son next to the side of his feet in a desert where there is neither relative nor close friend will definitely sympathize him. He was deprived of his right; the apostates supported each other against him until they slew him, violated his rights, exposed his body to the beasts, prevented him from tasting the water of the Euphrates, which even dogs can have, and violated the right and instructions of Allah’s Messenger about his household and him.”
Ibn Qawlawayh has also reported on the authority of al-Harith al-A`war that Imam `Ali Amir al-Mu'minin ('a) predicted the martyrdom of his son, saying,
“May my father and mother be ransoms for al-Husayn who will be martyred in an area at the back of al-Kufah. By Allah (I swear), I see coming that all species of the beasts of deserts will extend their necks on his grave to weep for him all the night up to morning. When this will take place, beware of alienating him (by refraining from visiting his tomb).”
Many other traditions have carried such predictions.

Twentieth: Farewell ziyarat
Sayyid Ibn Tawus says that it is recommended for those who intend to leave the holy shrine of Imam al-Husayn (`a) after they have accomplished visiting his tomb to throw themselves on the tomb, kiss it, and say the following words:
اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا مَوْلاَيَ
alssalamu `alayka ya mawlaya
Peace be upon you, O my master.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا حُجَّةَ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya hujjata allahi
Peace be upon you, O Allah’s Argument (against His creatures).

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا صِفْوَةَ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya safwata allahi
Peace be upon you, O Allah’s choice.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا خَالِصَةَ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya khalisata allahi
Peace be upon you, O Allah’s select.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا قَتِيلَ ٱلظَّمَاءِ
alssalamu `alayka ya qatila alzzama'i
Peace be upon you, O victim of thirst.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا غَرِيبَ ٱلْغُرَبَاءِ
alssalamu `alayka ya ghariba alghuraba'i
Peace be upon you, O strangest of all strangers.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ سَلاَمَ مُوَدِّع
alssalamu `alayka salama muwaddi`in
Peace be upon you; this is the greeting of one who has to bid farewell to you

لاََ سَئِمٍ وَلاَ قَالٍ
la sa'imin wa la qalin
although he is neither bored with you nor tired of you.

فَإِنْ امْضِ فَلاَ عَنْ مَلاَلَةٍ
fa'in amdi fala `an malalatin
If I leave (you), this is not because of weariness;

وَإِنْ اقِمْ فَلاَ عَنْ سُوءِ ظَنٍّ بِمَا وَعَدَ ٱللَّهُ ٱلصَّابِرِينَ
wa in uqim fala `an su'i zannin bima wa`ada allahu alssabirina
and if I reside, this is not because of mistrusting the promise that Allah has made for the serene ones.

لاََ جَعَلَهُ ٱللَّهُ آخِرَ ٱلْعَهْدِ مِنِّي لِزِيَارَتِكَ
la ja`alahu allahu akhira al`ahdi minni liziyaratika
May Allah not decide this time of my visit to be the last.

وَرَزَقَنِيَ ٱللَّهُ ٱلْعَوْدَ إِلَىٰ مَشْهَدِكَ
wa razaqaniya allahu al`awda ila mashhadika
May He endue me with more chances to return to your shrine,

وَٱلْمَقَامَ بِفَنَائِكَ
walmaqama bifina'ika
to reside in your courtyard,

وَٱلْقِيَامَ فِي حَرَمِكَ
walqiyama fi haramika
and to stay in your sanctuary.

وَإِيَّاهُ اسْالُ انْ يُسْعِدَنِي بِكُمْ
wa iyyahu as'alu an yus`idani bikum
To Him do I pray to make me delightful with you

وَيَجْعَلَنِي مَعَكُمْ فِي ٱلدُّنْيَا وَٱلآخِرَةِ
wa yaj`alani ma`akum fi alddunya wal-akhirati
and to include me with you in this world and in the Hereafter.


ETIQUETTES OF ZIYARAH
The etiquettes of ziyarah (i.e. pilgrimage to the holy shrines) are many;
First: It is recommended to bathe oneself before beginning the journey of ziyarah.
Second: It is advisable to avoid vain language, disputes, and heated discussions during journeys of ziyarah.
Third: It is recommended to do the bathing dedicated to the visiting of the Holy Imams’ shrines and to say the associated supplicatory prayers. This supplication will be later on mentioned at the beginning of Ziyarat Warith.
Fourth: It is required to be pure from ceremonial impurities.
Fifth: It is recommended to put on pure, clean, and new clothes, preferably white.
Six: At directing to a holy shrine, it is recommended to walk in short steps with tranquility and gravity, to be submissive, to incline one’s head, and to avoid looking upwards or to the sides.
Seventh: It is recommended to perfume oneself except when the holy shrine of Imam al-Husayn (‘a) is visited.
Eighth: While directing towards the holy shrine, it is advisable to utter statements of glorifying Almighty Allah, such as alhamdu-lillah (all praise be to Allah), subhanallah (All glory be to Allah), la-ilaha illallah (There is no god but Allah), , and to perfume one’s mouth with the endless scent of ‘allahumma salli `ala muhammadin wa ali muhammad (O Allah, send blessings upon Muhammad and the Household of Muhammad).’
Ninth: It is recommended to stop at the outer gate of the holy shrine and seek entrance permission (from the holy person buried in that shrine). It is also recommended to do one’s best to be at the utmost degree of deference and submission, to ponder over the greatness and eminence of the holy person buried in the visited shrine, to believe that this holy person can see, hear, and respond to the greetings of the visitor, as is confirmed by the forms of asking entrance permission (isti’dhan), to think deeply about his compassion and love for his followers in general and his visitors in particular, and to call in mind one’s corruption and disobedience to the Holy Infallibles (‘a) through breaking their orders and acting unjustly to them as well as to their adherents and followers. In fact, such acts of disobedience cause harm to the Holy Infallibles (‘a) themselves. If a visitor thinks for a few minutes of these matters and ponders over his behavior in general, his feet will no more be able to go on walking, his heart will be fearful, and his eyes will shed tears. This is in fact the heart of the ziyarah etiquettes in general. Being in such case, it is necessary to call in mind the following poetic verses of al-Sakhawi:
Said they, “Tomorrow, we shall enter their homeland, And our caravan will settle near their houses Hence, only he who has been obedient to them Will be pleased to meet them.” Said I, “I have committed sins! What will I do? And how will I behave in the face of them?” Said they, “Is it not that pardon is the habit of them? Especially for those who have put faith in them!” I thus hurried to their house door Hoping and fearing them!([3])
Quoting the book of `Uyun al-Mu`jizat, `Allamah al-Majlisi, in his book of Bihar al-Anwar, has mentioned the following precious narration:
`Ali ibn Yaqtin, the vizier of Harun the `Abbasid ruler, did not permit Ibrahim al-Jammal, a poor Shi`ite cameleer, to see the ruler just because the latter was poor. Hence, when `Ali ibn Yaqtin undertook the hajj that year, he visited Imam Musa ibn Ja`far (‘a) in al-Madinah, but the Imam did not allow him to enter. The next day, `Ali ibn Yaqtin could see the Imam (‘a), “My master, what was my sin due to which you did not allow me to visit you?” asked `Ali ibn Yaqtin. The Imam (‘a) answered, “I did not allow you to visit me because you had not allowed your brother, Ibrahim al-Jammal, to see the ruler. For that reason, Almighty Allah has decided that He would not accept your acts (of the ritual hajj) unless Ibrahim al-Jammal would forgive you.” `Ali ibn Yaqtin said, “Master, how can I contact Ibrahim at this time while I am in al-Madinah and he is in al-Kufah?” The Imam (‘a) instructed, “When night comes, you may walk to al-Baqi` alone and do not let any of your servants or companions know about you. There, you will find a saddled camel. You may ride on it and it will take you to al-Kufah.” As he did what he had been instructed, `Ali ibn Yaqtin found himself standing in front of Ibrahim al-Jammal’s house in a short time. As he knocked the door and introduced himself, Ibrahim al-Jammal said in surprise, “What is the vizier, `Ali ibn Yaqtin, doing at my doorstep?” “I am here for a great matter!” answered `Ali ibn Yaqtin and begged Ibrahim to let him in. When Ibrahim did, `Ali ibn Yaqtin said, “The Master (i.e. the Imam) has stipulated that you should forgive me lest he would not accept me.” Ibrahim said, “May Allah forgive you!” Insistently, `Ali ibn Yaqtin begged Ibrahim to step on his cheek, but Ibrahim refused to do so. When he insisted too much, Ibrahim did. “O Allah! Be the Witness!” repeated `Ali ibn Yaqtin. He then left, rode the camel, returned to al-Madinah at the same night, and stopped at the door of Imam Musa al-Kazim’s house. He rode off and knocked the door. He was thus allowed to see the Imam (‘a).
This narration demonstrates the significance of respecting one’s friends and brethren-in-faith.
Tenth: It is recommended to kiss the high threshold of the holy shrine. Shaykh al-Shahid says, “It is even more preferable to prostrate oneself at the threshold in the intention of thanking Almighty Allah for reaching such a sacred place.”
Eleventh: As is done when entering and leaving mosques, it is recommended to enter the holy shrine with the right foot and to leave it with the left.
Twelfth: It is recommended to stop as near as possible to the tomb that one can stick to it. In fact, it is illusive to believe that to stop far away from the tomb is a sort of politeness. Narrations have confirmed that one should lean to and kiss the tomb.
Thirteenth: It is advisable, when saying the ziyarah form, to turn the face towards the tomb and turn the back towards the kiblah direction. Seemingly, this etiquette is dedicated to the ziyarahs of the Holy Infallibles (‘a). After saying the ziyarah form, it is recommended to put the right cheek on the tomb and pray Almighty Allah beseechingly, and, then, to put the left cheek on the tomb and pray Almighty Allah, in the name of the holy person buried in the tomb, to include him/her with the persons for whom the holy person buried in the tomb will intercede. It is also recommended to pray Almighty Allah as insistently as possible and then move to the side of the head (of the holy entombed person), stand erect, face the kiblah direction, and pray Almighty Allah again.
Fourteenth: It is highly advisable to stand erect while uttering the ziyarah form except when one is too weak to stand up for a long time due to an ailment, such as backache, foot ache, and the like.
Fifteenth: Before beginning with the ziyarah, it is recommended to raise the voice with statements of allahu-akbar when the shrine is seen. In this respect, It is narrated that one who utters the following statement at the first sight of a holy shrine will be included with the Grand Pleasure of Almighty Allah:
There is no god save Allah; One and Only and having no partner. la ilaha illa allahu wahdahu la sharika lahu لاَ إِلٰهَ إِلاَّ ٱللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ
Sixteenth: It is advisable to follow the instructions that are reported from the Holy Imams (‘a) concerning the etiquettes and forms of ritual ziyarahs. Thus, it is necessary to neglect the fabricated forms of ziyarah that have been invented by some unwise ordinary people in order to attract the attentions of the ignorant people. Shaykh al-Kulayni reports `Abd al-Rahim al-Qasir to have narrated that he, once, visited Imam al-Sadiq (‘a) and said, “May Allah accept me as ransom for you! I have composed a supplicatory prayer (du`a') for myself.” The Imam (‘a) answered, “Save me from your composition. Whenever you encounter a problem, you may resort to the tomb of the Messenger of Allah (s), offer a two unit prayer there, and provide it as gift to him… etc.”
Seventeenth: It is recommended to offer the Ziyarah Prayer (salat al-ziyarah) the least of which is two units. In this respect, Shaykh al-Shahid (i.e. the martyr) says, “As for those who visit the tomb of the Holy Prophet (s), they may offer salat al-ziyarah in the Rawdah. And those who visit the tombs of the Holy Imams (‘a) may offer it near the head of the tomb. It is however legal to offer it at the courtyard of the shrine.” `Allamah al-Majlisi says, “In my conception, as for salat al-ziyarah, as well as the other prayers performed in the holy shrines, it is preferable to offer them behind the tomb or to the side of the head.” In his book of al-Durrah, `Allamah Bahr al-`Ulum has composed the following: Comparing Karbala' to the Holy Ka`bah Karbala', in Hadith, is superior Similar are the other shrines, according to narrations At these shrines, try to come near the tomb And to offer prayers at the side of the head Offer the prayer behind the tomb, too Authentic reports have confirmed so The difference between these tombs Is like the light on a mountain peak Offering prayers at these tombs is recommended To come near them and to stick to them is required
Eighteenth: If there is no particular form of salat al-ziyarah, it is recommended to recite Surah Yasin in the first unit and Surah al-Rahman in the second. It is also recommended to beseech Almighty Allah after these prayers for the worldly welfare as well as success on the Resurrection Day. It is also recommended to pray for all people generally in order that his prayers will be more acceptable.
Nineteenth: Shaykh al-Shahid says, “If one enters a shrine and finds that a congregational prayer is held, the prayer must be offered before doing the ziyarah rites. The same thing must be done if one enters a shrine at the time of an obligatory prayer. Because the ziyarah is the purpose, one may do the ziyarah rites on other conditions. When a congregational prayer is held while one is doing the ziyarah rites, it is recommended to cut off the rites and join the congregational prayer. It is thus discommended to ignore the congregational prayers. Moreover, the supervisors in the shrine must order the za'ir (i.e. performer of ziyarah) to join the congregational prayer.
Twentieth: In the word of Shaykh al-Shahid, to recite a portion of the Holy Qur'an in the shrines and to dedicate the recitation to the soul of the holy person buried in that shrine is one of the etiquettes of ziyarah. Of course, this act brings about rewards to the za'ir and shows honoring of the holy person buried in the shrine.
Twenty-First: It is advisable to refrain from nonsensical and meaningless speech in the holy shrines and to avoid discussing this-worldly affairs. Of course, nonsense and offensive speech are discommended everywhere and at all times. Such language stops sustenance and results in hardheartedness, especially in such pure places and under such superior domes about whose superiority and highness, Almighty Allah has said, “In houses which Allah has permitted to be exalted and that His name may be remembered in them; there glorify Him therein in the mornings and the evenings. 24/36”
Twenty-Second: As I have confirmed in my book of hadiyyat al-za'ir, it is recommended not to raise one’s voice with the recitals of the ziyarah formulas.
Twenty-Third: At leaving, it is recommended to bid farewell to the Imam (‘a) through reciting the formulas dedicated to so (wada`) or any similar formulas.
Twenty-Fourth: It is advisable to declare repentance, implore Almighty Allah for forgiveness, and pray Him to make the deeds and words after the Ziyarah better than one’s deeds and words before it.
Twenty-Fifth: It is recommended to give some money to the custodians of the holy shrines. As a matter of fact, the custodians of the holy shrines must be virtuous, righteous, religious, and honorable. They are required to respect the zuwwar (pl. za'ir) and to stand their behaviors. They must not wreak their wrath upon those zuwwar or shout at them. Instead, they must settle all the needs of the zuwwar and guide the strangers if they are lost. In general, the custodians are required to act as servants, to arrange and guard the holy shrine, to watch over the zuwwar, and to do whatever necessary.
Twenty-Sixth: It is also recommended to give some money to the neighbors of the holy shrines—the poor, the needy, and the modest, especially the Sayyids (i.e. descendants of the Holy Prophet) and the students of religious sciences who accepted to live in poverty, alienation, and neediness for the sake of glorifying the rites of Almighty Allah. Hence, those are the worthiest of receiving charity and custody.
Twenty-Seventh: Shaykh al-Shahid says, “Among the etiquettes of ziyarah is to hurry in leaving the holy shrine when the ziyarah is accomplished, so that the sanctity of the shrine will be preserved and eagerness to repeat ziyarah will be aroused.” He further says, “When they perform ziyarah, women must isolate themselves from men. Preferably, women may perform ziyarah at night. They may also disguise themselves by putting ordinary clothes rather than precious, so that they will not be recognized. They may also try to hide and veil themselves. However, it is legal, yet discommended, for women to perform ziyarah amongst men.” In point of fact, the previous recommendation of Shaykh al-Shahid manifests the horrible amount of hideousness and repulsiveness that some women, these days, commit. As they come to the holy shrines, they adorn themselves, put on their best clothes, and stand side by side with men inside the holy shrines. They, moreover, push men with their bodies so as to find themselves places near the holy tombs, or sit in the direction of the kiblah where men offer prayers for reciting the ziyarah formulas. They thus attract attentions and divert men from acts of worship, beseeching to Almighty Allah, and weeping for themselves at these sacred areas. By doing so, they bring to themselves sins and offenses. The ziyarahs of such women must be decided as discommendable acts that bring about chastisement, not acts of worship. In this respect, Imam Ja`far al-Sadiq (‘a) has reported Imam `Ali Amir al-Mu'minin (`a) as saying to the people of Iraq, “I have been informed that your women are meeting men on the public ways. Are you not ashamed? Curse of Allah be upon him who is not jealous.” In man-la-yahduruhu’l-faqih, it is mentioned that al-Asbagh ibn Nubatah reported Imam `Ali Amir al-Mu'minin (`a) as saying, “In the last of time, which is actually the worst of ages, when the Hour (of Resurrection) comes near, there will appear women—unveiling themselves, exposing themselves, adorning themselves, being out of the religion, entering in seditious matters, inclining to lusts, hurrying to their pleasures, and violating the inviolable things; therefore, they will abide in Hellfire forever.”
Twenty-Eighth: When the area around the holy tombs is overcrowded, those who are nearest to the holy tombs are required to hurry up and end their ziyarah so as to give others the opportunity to come near the holy tomb and win the honor of approaching these holy tombs.
Finally, it is worth mentioning that the ziyarah of the holy shrine of Imam al-Husayn (‘a) enjoys particular etiquettes



Method of Visiting the holy shrines of Imam al-Husayn (as) Be it known to you that there are two kinds of forms of Ziyarah of Imam al-Husayn’s holy shrine; one is general (i.e. not dedicated to a certain occasion) and the other is restricted to a certain time. General Forms of Ziyarah of Imam al-Husayn
Because the general forms of Ziyarah of Imam al-Husayn ('a) are numerous, we have to mention some several forms only.
1 ziyarat
2 ziyarat
3 ziyarat
4 ziyarat
5 ziyarat
6 ziyarat

First Form of Ziyarah
In his book of al-Kafi, Shaykh al-Kulayni has reported the following through his chain of authority from al-Husayn ibn Thuwayr: Yunus ibn ²abyan, al-Mufaddal ibn `Umar, Abu-Salamah al-Sarraj, and I were sitting with Abu-`Abdullah Ja`far ibn Muhammad (al-Sadiq) and Yunus, the oldest among us, was our spokesman. “May Allah accept me as ransom for you,” Yunus expressed, “I usually attend the sessions of these people (i.e. the `Abbasid ruling authorities). What should I say then?” The Imam ('a) instructed, “When you attend such sessions and mention us, you should say,
اَللَّهُمَّ أَرِنَا ٱلرَّخَاءَ وَٱلسُّرُورَ
ma irina alrrakha'a wa
‘O Allah, (please) show us luxury and pleasure.

If you say so, you will gain the reward that you wish to gain or you will be allowed to return to this worldly life at the Return.” I then spoke, “May Allah accept me as ransom for you! I very frequently mention (Imam) al-Husayn; what should I say then?”
The Imam ('a) instructed, “You should repeat the following statement three times:
صَلَّىٰ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ ٱللَّهِ
salla allahu `alayka ya aba `abdillahi
‘May Allah bless you, O Abu-`Abdullah.’

Actually, greetings that are addressed to him always reach him whether they are said near him or from a remote place.
When Abu-`Abdullah (Imam al-Husayn) passed away, the seven heavens, the seven layers of the earth, whatever within them, whatever between them, all the inhabitants of Paradise and Hell from the various species of the creatures of our Lord, whatever can be seen, and whatever cannot be seen—all these wept for al-Husayn (`a) except for three.” “May Allah accept me as ransom for you!” I asked, “What are these three things?”
The Imam ('a) answered, “The things that did not weep for him are al-Basrah, Damascus, and the family of `Uthman.” I then asked, “May Allah accept me as ransom for you! When I intend to visit him, what should I say and what should I do?” The Imam ('a) instructed:
When you come to Abu-`Abdullah (al-Husayn), you should bathe yourself on the bank of the River Euphrates. You should then put on (ceremonially) pure clothes and walk barefooted, because you are in the sanctuary of Almighty Allah and His Messenger, uttering repeatedly statements of professing Almighty Allah being the Greatest (i.e. allahu-akbar), there being no god save Him (i.e. la-ilaha-illa-allahu), all glory being to Him (i.e. subhaha-allahi), and all veneration being to Him, and uttering the statement of invoking His blessings on the Holy Prophet and his Household (i.e. allahumma salli `ala muhammadin wa ali muhammadin) until you stop at the gate of the shrine. Then, you should say the following:
اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا حُجَّةَ ٱللَّهِ وَٱبْنَ حُجَّتِهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya hujjata allahi wabna hujjatihi
Peace be upon you, O Argument of Allah and son of His Argument.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ يَا مَلاَئِكَةَ ٱللَّهِ
alasslamu `alaykum ya mala'ikata allahi
Peace be upon you all, O Allah’s angels

وَزُوَّارَ قَبْرِ ٱبْنِ نَبِيِّ ٱللَّهِ
wa zuwwara qabri ibni nabiyyi allahi
and visitors of the tomb of the son of Allah’s Prophet.


You should then walk for ten steps and stop again to repeat the following statement thirty times:
اَللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ
allahu akbaru
Allah is the Most Great.


You should then move towards the tomb from the side of the Imam’s face having your face to be to the face of the Imam and the kiblah direction to be between your shoulders. You should then say the following:
اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا حُجَّةَ ٱللَّهِ وَٱبْنَ حُجَّتِهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya hujjata allahi wabna hujjatihi
Peace be upon you, O Allah’s Argument (on His creatures) and son of His Argument.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا قَتِيلَ ٱللَّهِ وَٱبْنَ قَتِيلِهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya qatila allahi wabna qatilihi
Peace be upon you, O killed for Allah’s sake and son of the killed for His sake.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ثَارَ ٱللَّهِ وَٱبْنَ ثَارِهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya thara allahi wabna tharihi
Peace be upon you, O vengeance of Allah and son of His vengeance.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وِتْرَ ٱللَّهِ ٱلْمَوْتُورَ فِي ٱلسَّمَاوَاتِ وَٱلأَرْضِ
alssalamu `alayka ya witra allahi almawtura fi alssamawati wal-ardi
Peace be upon you, O he whose blood-claimer is Allah and whose blood is also claimed by the heavens and the earth.

أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ دَمَكَ سَكَنَ فِي ٱلْخُلْدِ
ashhadu anna damaka sakana fi alkhuldi
I bear witness that your blood has resided in the Eternity,

وَٱقْشَعَرَّتْ لَهُ أَظِلَّةُ ٱلْعَرْشِ
wa iqsha`arrat lahu azillatu al`arshi
the shades of the Divine Throne have shivered for it,

وَبَكَىٰ لَهُ جَمِيعُ ٱلْخَلاَئِقِ
wa baka lahu jami`u alkhala'iqi
and all creatures have wept for it,

وَبَكَتْ لَهُ ٱلسَّمَاوَاتُ ٱلسَّبْعُ وَٱلأَرَضُونَ ٱلسَّبْعُ
wa bakat lahu alssamawatu alssab`u wal-araduna alssab`u
including the seven heavens, the seven layers of the earth,

وَمَا فِيهِنَّ وَمَا بَيْنَهُنَّ
wa ma fihinna wa ma baynahunna
whatever is within them, whatever is between them,

وَمَنْ يَتَقَلَّبُ فِي ٱلْجَنَّةِ وَٱلنَّارِ مِنْ خَلْقِ رَبِّنَا
wa man yataqallabu fi aljannati walnnari min khalqi rabbina
all the inhabitants of Paradise and Hellfire from the creatures of our Lord,

وَمَا يُرَىٰ وَمَا لاََ يُرَىٰ
wa ma yura wa ma la yura
whatever can be seen, and whatever cannot be seen.

أَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ حُجَّةُ ٱللَّهِ وَٱبْنُ حُجَّتِهِ
ashhadu annaka hujjatu allahi wabnu hujjatihi
I bear witness that you are Allah’s Argument and son of His Argument.

وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ قَتِيلُ ٱللَّهِ وَٱبنُ قَتِيلِهِ
wa ashhadu annaka qatilu allahi wabnu qatilihi
I bear witness that you were killed for Allah’s sake and you are the son of him who was killed for the same.

وأَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ ثَارُ ٱللَّهِ وَٱبْنُ ثَارِهِ
wa ashhadu annaka tharu allahi wabnu tharihi
I bear witness that you are Allah’s vengeance and the son of His vengeance.

وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّك وِتْرُ ٱللَّهِ ٱلْمَوْتورُ فِي ٱلسَّمَاوَاتِ وَٱلأَرْضِ
wa ashhadu annaka witru allahi almawturu fi alssamawati wal-ardi
I bear witness that Allah is your blood-claimer and your blood is also claimed by the heavens and the earth.

وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ قَدْ بَلَّغْتَ وَنَصَحْتَ
wa ashhadu annaka qad ballaghta wa nasahta
I bear witness that you conveyed (the message), acted sincerely,

وَوَفَيْتَ وَأَوْفَيْتَ
wa wafayta wa awfayta
carried out (your duties), fulfilled (your pledges),

وَجَاهَدْتَ فِي سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ
wa jahadta fi sabili allahi
strove for Allah’s sake,

وَمَضَيْتُ لِلَّذِي كُنْتَ عَلَيْهِ شهَيداً وَمُسْتَشْهِداً
wa madayta lilladhi kunta `alayhi shahidan wa mustashhidan
you advanced to that on which you were witness and that which you were asked to witness,

وَشَاهِداً وَمَشْهُوداً
wa shahidan wa mashhudan
and you were observer and you were watched.

أَنَا عَبْدُ ٱللَّهِ وَمَوْلاَكَ
ana `abdu allahi wa mawlaka
I am the slave of Allah, the servant of you,

وَفِي طَاعَتِكَ وَٱلْوَافِدُ إِلَيْكَ
wa fi ta`atika walwafidu ilayka
the obedient to you, and the visitor of you.

أَلْتَمِسُ كَمَالَ ٱلْمَنْزِلَةِ عِنْدَ ٱللَّهِ
altamisu kamala almanzilati `inda allahi
I seek for a perfect position with Allah,

وَثَبَاتَ ٱلْقَدَمِ فِي ٱلْهِجْرَةِ إِلَيْكَ
wa thabata alqadami fi alhijrati ilayka
I seek steadfastness through my pilgrimage to you,

وَٱلسَّبِيلَ ٱلَّذِي لاََ يَخْتَلِجُ دوُنَكَ
walssabila alladhi la yakhtaliju dunaka
and I seek the path that cannot be passed without you

مِنَ ٱلدُّخُولِ فِي كِفَالَتِكَ ٱلَّتِي أُمِرْتَ بِهَا
min alddukhuli fi kifalatika allati umirta biha
so that I will be allowed to enter in your guarantee that you have been ordered to give.

مَنْ أَرَادَ ٱللَّهَ بَدَأَ بِكُمْ
man arada allaha bada'a bikum
He who seeks Allah must begin with you,

بِكُمْ يُبَيِّنُ ٱللَّهُ ٱلْكَذِبَ
bikum yubayyinu allahu alkadhiba
because only through you has Allah disclosed forgery.

وَبِكُمْ يُبَاعِدُ ٱللَّهُ ٱلزَّمَانَ ٱلْكَلِبَ
wa bikum yuba`idu allahu alzzamana alkaliba
Through you only does Allah throw away difficult days.

وَبِكُمْ فَتَحَ ٱللَّهُ
wa bikum fataha allahu
For your sake only has Allah started (creation).

وَبِكُمْ يَخْتِمُ ٱللَّهُ
wa bikum yakhtimu allahu
With you only will Allah seal.

وَبِكُمْ يَمْحُو مَا يَشَاءُ وَيُثْبِتُ
wa bikum yamhu ma yasha'u wa yuthbitu
Through you only does He erase whatever He wills and establishes (whatever He wills).

وبِكُمْ يَفُكُّ ٱلذُّلَّ مِنْ رِقَابِنَا
wa bikum yafukku aldhdhulla min riqabina
Through you only does He release us from humility.

وَبِكُمْ يُدْرِكُ ٱللَّهُ تِرَةَ كُلِّ مُؤْمِنٍ يُطْلَبُ بِهَا
wa bikum yudriku allahu tirata kulli mu'minin yutlabu biha
Through you only will Allah avenge every faithful believer.

وَبِكُمْ تُنْبِتُ ٱلأَرْضُ أَشْجَارَهَا
wa bikum tunbitu al-ardu ashjaraha
Through you only does the soil grow its trees.

وَبِكُمْ تُخْرِجُ ٱلأَرْضُ ثِمَارَهَا
wa bikum tukhriju al-ardu thimaraha
Through you only does the earth produce its fruits.

وَبِكُمْ تُنْزِلُ ٱلسَّمَاءُ قَطْرَهَا وَرِزْقَهَا
wa bikum tunzilu alssama'u qatraha wa rizqaha
Through you only does the sky pour down its drops and sustenance.

وَبِكُمْ يَكْشِفُ ٱللَّهُ ٱلْكَرْبَ
wa bikum yakshifu allahu alkarba
Through you only does Allah relieve from agonies.

وَبِكُمْ يُنَزِّلُ ٱللَّهُ ٱلْغَيْثَ
wa bikum yunazzilu allahu alghaytha
Through you only does Allah cause the rain to come down.

وَبِكُمْ تُسَبِّحُ ٱلأَرْضُ ٱلَّتِي تَحْمِلُ أَبْدَانَكُمْ
wa bikum tusabbihu al-ardu allati tahmilu abdanakum
Through you only does the earth that carries your bodies glorify (the Lord)

وَتَسْتَقِرُّ جِبَالُهَا عَنْ مَرَاسِيهَا
wa tastaqirru jibaluha `ala marasiha
and are the mountains made firm.

إِرَادَةُ ٱلرَّبِّ فِي مَقَادِيرِ أُمُورِهِ تَهْبِطُ إِلَيْكُمْ
iradatu alrrabbi fi maqadiri umurihi tahbitu ilaykum
The will of the Lord regarding the estimations of His affairs come down to you

وَتَصْدُرُ مِنْ بُيُوتِكُمْ
wa tasduru min buyutikum
and are issued from your houses.

وَٱلصَّادِرُ عَمَّا فُصِّلَ مِنْ أَحْكَامِ ٱلْعِبَادِ
walssadiru `amma fussila min ahkami al`ibadi
So do the details of the decrees to the servants.

لُعِنَتْ أُمَّةٌ قَتَلَتْكُمْ
lu`inat ummatun qatalatkum
Cursed be the people who killed you.

وَأُمَّةٌ خَالَفَتْكُمْ
wa ummatun khalafatkum
Cursed be the people who dissent from you,

وَأُمَّةٌ جَحَدَتْ وِلاَيَتَكُمْ
wa ummatun jahadat wilayatakum
the people who deny your (Divinely commissioned) leadership,

وَأُمَّةٌ ظَاهَرَتْ عَلَيْكُمْ
wa ummatun zaharat `alaykum
the people who supported each other against you,

وَأُمَّةٌ شَهِدَتْ وَلَمْ تُسْتَشْهَدْ
wa ummatun shahidat wa lam tustashhad
and the people who witnessed you but they shunned being martyred for you.

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ ٱلَّذِي جَعَلَ ٱلنَّارَ مَأْوَاهُمْ
alhamdu lillahi alladhi ja`ala alnnara ma'wahum
All praise be to Allah Who has decided Hellfire to be the dwelling of these peoples.

وَبِئْسَ وِرْدُ ٱلْوَارِدِينَ
wa bi'sa wirdu alwaridina
Woeful indeed will be the place to which they shall be led

وَبِئْسَ ٱلْوِرْدُ ٱلْمَوْرُودُ
wa bi'sa alwirdu almawrudu
and woeful indeed will be the place to which they shall be brought.

وَٱلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ ٱلْعَالَمِينَ
walhamdu lillahi rabbi al`alamina
All praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds.


You should then repeat the following words three times:
ىٰ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ
wa salla allahu `alayka ya aba `aabdillah
And may Allah bless you, O Abu-`Abdullah
then you should then repeat the following words three times
أَنَا إِلَىٰ ٱللَّهِ مِمَّنْ خَالَفَكَ بَريءٌ
ana ila allahi mimman khalafaka bari'un
I disavow, in the presence of Allah, all those who dissented you.


You should then stand up and direct towards his son, `Ali, who is buried to the side of the Imam’s feet, and say the following words:
اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ رَسُولِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka yabna rasuli allahi
Peace be upon you, O son of Allah’s Messenger.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ أَمِيرِ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ
alssalamu `alayka yabna amiri almu'minina
Peace be upon you, O son of the Commander of the Faithful.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ ٱلْحَسَنِ وَٱلْحُسَيْنِ
alssalamu `alayka yabna alhasani walhusayni
Peace be upon you, O son of al-Hasan and al-Husayn.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ خَدِيجَةَ وَفَاطِمَةَ
alssalamu `alayka yabna khadijata wa fatimata
Peace be upon you, O son of Khadijah and Fatimah.

صَلَّىٰ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيْكَ
salla allahu `alayka
May Allah bless you.

صَلّىٰ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيْكَ
salla allahu `alayka
May Allah bless you.

صَلَّىٰ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيْكَ
salla allahu `alayka
May Allah bless you.

لَعَنَ ٱللَّهُ مَنْ قَتَلَكَ
la`ana allahu man qatalaka
May Allah curse those who killed you.

لَعَنَ ٱللَّهُ مَنْ قَتَلَكَ
la`ana allahu man qatalaka
May Allah curse those who killed you.

لَعَنَ ٱللَّهُ مَنْ قَتَلَكَ
la`ana allahu man qatalaka
May Allah curse those who killed you.

أَنَا إِلَىٰ ٱللَّهِ مِنْهُمْ بَريءٌ
ana ila allahi minhum bari'un
I disavow all of them in the presence of Allah.


You should then stand up and point to the martyrs with your hand, may Allah be pleased with them, and say the following words:
اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ
alssalamu `alaykum
Peace be upon you.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ
alssalamu `alaykum
Peace be upon you.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ
alssalamu `alaykum
Peace be upon you.

فُزْتُمْ وَٱللَّهِ
fuztum wallahi
You, by Allah, have achieved success.

فُزْتُمْ وَٱللَّهِ
fuztum wallahi
You, by Allah, have achieved success.

فُزْتُمْ وَٱللَّهِ
fuztum wallahi
You, by Allah, have achieved success.

فَلَيْتَ أَنِّي مَعَكُمْ فَأَفُوزَ فَوْزاً عَظيماً
falayta anni ma`akum fa'afuza fawzan `aziman
Would that I were with you, then should I achieve a great success.

You should then turn around and make the tomb of Abu-`Abdullah in front of you (i.e. stop behind the tomb) and offer a six-unit prayer. Thus, you have accomplished the visitation of Imam al-Husayn’s tomb. You may then leave, if you wish. (Here end the instructive words of Imam al-Sadiq)
This form of Ziyarah has been also reported by Shaykh al-Tusi, in Tahdhib al-Ahkam, and Shaykh al-Saduq, in man-la-yahduruhul-faqih. Commenting on it, Shaykh al-Saduq says, “Although I have mentioned other forms of Ziyarah in my two books of al-Mazar and al-Maqtal, I have chosen this very form for this book, because it is the most authentically reported form; therefore, it covers what we need and meets the required terms.”



Second Form of Ziyarah _Imam Ali Naqi(as)
Shaykh al-Kulayni reports Imam `Ali al-Naqi (al-Hadi) to have said:
When you are at al-Husayn’s tomb, you should say the following words:
اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya aba `abdillahi
Peace be upon you, O Abu-`Abdullah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا حُجَّةَ ٱللَّهِ فِي أَرْضِهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya hujjata allahi fi ardihi
Peace be upon you, O Allah’s Argument in His lands

وَشَاهِدَهُ عَلَىٰ خَلْقِهِ
wa shahidahu `ala khalqihi
and His witness on His creatures.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ رَسُولِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka yabna rasuli allahi
Peace be upon you, O so of Allah’s Messenger.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ عَليٍّ ٱلْمُرْتَضَىٰ
alssalamu `alayka yabna `aliyyin almurtada
Peace be upon you, O son of `Ali the well-pleased.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ فَاطِمَةَ ٱلزَّهْرَاءِ
alssalamu `alayka yabna fatimata alzzahra'i
Peace be upon you, O son of Fatimah the Luminous.

أَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ قَدْ أَقَمْتَ ٱلصَّلاَةَ وَآتَيْتَ ٱلزَّكَاةَ
ashhadu annaka qad aqamta alssalata wa atayta alzzakata
I bear witness that you performed the prayers, defrayed the poor-rate,

وَأَمَرْتَ بِٱلْمَعْرُوفِ وَنَهَيْتَ عَنِ ٱلْمُنْكَرِ
wa amarta bilma`rufi wa nahayta `an almunkari
enjoined the right, forbade the wrong,

وَجَاهَدْتَ فِي سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ حَتَّىٰ أَتَاكَ ٱلْيَقِينُ
wa jahadta fi sabili allahi hatta ataka alyaqinu
and strove for Allah’s sake until death came upon you.

فَصَلَّىٰ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيْكَ حَيّاً وَمَيِّتاً
fasalla allahu `alayka hayyan wa mayyitan
So, Allah may bless you in your lifetime and after your death.
You may then stick your right cheek to the tomb and say these words:
أَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ عَلَىٰ بَيِّنَةٍ مِنْ رَبِّكَ
ashhadu annaka `ala bayyinatin min rabbika
I bear witness that you are verily relying on clear proof from your Lord.
جِئْتُ مُقِرّاً بِٱلذُّنُوبِ
ji'tu muqirran bildhdhunubi
I have come confessing of my sins
لِتَشْفَعَ لِي عِنْدَ رَبِّكَ
litashfa`a li `inda rabbika
so that you may intercede for me before your Lord.
يَا بْنَ رَسُولِ ٱللَّهِ
yabna rasuli allahi
O son of Allah’s Messenger.
You should then mention the Holy Imams by names respectively and then say the following words:
أَشْهَدُ أَنَّكُمْ حُجَجُ ٱللَّهِ
ashhadu annakum hujaju allahi
I bear witness that you are verily Allah’s Arguments (against His creatures).
أُكْتُبْ لِي عِنْدَكَ مِيثَاقاً وَعَهْداً
uktub li `indaka mithaqan wa `ahdan
Please, write down for me a covenant and a pledge with you.
إِنِّي أَتَيْتُكَ مُجَدِّداً ٱلْمِيثَاقَ
inni ataytuka mujaddidan almithaqa
I have come to you to refresh my covenant;
فَٱشْهَدْ لِي عِنْدَ رَبِّكَ
fashhad li `inda rabbika
so, testify this to me before your Lord.
إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ ٱلشَاهِدُ
innaka anta alshshahidu
You are verily the Witness.



Third Form of Ziyarah -Imam Sadiq(as)
This form of Ziyarah has been reported by Ibn Tawus in his book of al-Mazar. Reporting a great reward for those who visit Imam al-Husayn with this form of Ziyarah, Ibn Tawus, having overlooked the chain of authority, reported that Jabir al-Ju`fi said that Imam al-Sadiq ('a) asked him, “What is the distance between your house and the tomb of al-Husayn?”
Jabir answered, “May Allah accept my father and mother as ransoms for you! It is only a day and half a day (walking).” “Do you usually visit him?” the Imam (`a) asked.
“Yes, I do,” answered Jabir.
The Imam ('a) then said to him, “May I convey to you good tidings? May I delight you by informing you some of the rewards of visiting his tomb?”
“Yes, you may,” answered Jabir.
The Imam ('a) thus said, “Once you provide yourselves with supplies of travel and prepare yourselves for visiting Imam al-Husayn (`a), the inhabitants of the heavens convey this glad tiding to each other. As soon as you leave the door of your houses and ride or walk, Almighty Allah appoints four thousand angels to bless you until you arrive at Imam al-Husayn’s tomb. When you arrive at the tomb of al-Husayn ibn `Ali (`a), you may stop at the gate and say these words, because you shall be granted a portion of Allah’s mercy for each word you utter... These are the words:
اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ آدَمَ صَفْوَةِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya waritha adama safwati allahi
Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Adam the chosen by Allah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ نُوحٍ نَبِيِّ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya waritha nuhin nabiyyi allahi
Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Noah the prophet of Allah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ خَلِيلِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya waritha ibrahima khalili allahi
Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Abraham the friend of Allah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ مُوسَىٰ كَلِيمِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya waritha musa kalimi allahi
Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Moses the spoken by Allah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ عِيسَىٰ رُوحِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya waritha `isa ruhi allahi
Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Jesus the spirit of Allah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ مُحَمَّدٍ سَيِّدِ رُسُلِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya waritha muhammadin sayyidi rusuli allahi
Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Muhammad the chief of Allah’s Messengers.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ عَليٍّ
alssalamu `alayka ya waritha `aliyyin
Peace be upon you, O inheritor of `Ali

أَمِيرِ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَخَيْرِ ٱلْوَصِيِّينَ
amirilmu'minina wa khayri alwasiyyina
the commander of the faithful and the best of the Prophets’ successors.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ ٱلْحَسَنِ ٱلرَّضِيِّ
alssalamu `alayka ya waritha alhasani alrradiyyi
Peace be upon you, O inheritor of al-Hasan the amicable,

ٱلطَّاهِرِ ٱلرَّاضِي ٱلْمَرْضِيِّ
alttahiri alrradi almardiyyi
the immaculate, the content, and the pleased.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا ٱلْوَصِيُّ ٱلْبَرُّ ٱلتَّقِيُّ
alssalamu `alayka ayyuha alssiddiqu al-akbaru
Peace be upon you, O dutiful and pious successor.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ وَعَلَىٰ ٱلأَرْوَاحِ ٱلَّتِي حَلَّتْ بِفِنَائِكَ وَأَنَاخَتْ بِرَحْلِكَ
alssalamu `alayka ayyuha alwasiyyu albarru alttqiyyu
Peace be upon you and upon these souls who gathered before your yard and resided next to your residence.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ وَعَلَىٰ ٱلْمَلاَئِكَةِ ٱلْحَافِّينَ بِكَ
alssalamu `alayka wa `ala al-arwahi allati hallat bifina'ika wa anakhat birahlika
Peace be upon you and upon the angels who are encompassing you.

أَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ قَدْ أَقَمْتَ ٱلصَّلاَةَ وَآتَيْتَ ٱلزَّكَاةَ
alssalamu `alayka wa `ala almala'ikati alhaffina bika
I bear witness that you performed the prayers, defrayed the poor-rate,

وَأَمَرْتَ بِٱلْمَعْرُوفِ وَنَهَيْتَ عَنِ ٱلْمُنْكَرِ
ashhadu annaka qad aqamta alssalata wa atayta alzzakata
enjoined the right, forbade the wrong,

وَجَاهَدْتَ ٱلْمُلْحِدينَ وَعَبَدْتَ ٱللَّهَ حَتَّىٰ أَتَاكَ ٱلْيَقِينُ
wa amarta bilma`rufi wa nahayta `an almunkari
strove against the atheists, and served Allah until death came upon you.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ وَرَحْمَةُ ٱللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ
wa jahadta almulhidina wa `abadta allaha hatta ataka alyaqinu
Peace and Allah’s mercy and blessings be upon you.

You may then walk towards the tomb. With each step you make, you will be awarded the reward of one who sacrifices his blood for the sake of Allah. When you approach the tomb, you may wipe your hand over it and say these words:
اَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا حُجَّةَ ٱللَّهِ فِي
alssalamu `alayka ya hujjata allahi fi ardihi
Peace be upon you, O Allah’s Argument in His lands.
You may then go for offering the prayer. For each unit of prayer that you offer near the tomb, you will have the reward of one who went one thousand times on hajj and one thousand times on `umrah, manumitted one thousand slaves for the sake of Allah, and stood in the line of a missioned Prophet one thousand times.”
This tradition has been previously mentioned within the etiquettes of visiting Imam al-Husayn’s tomb, yet with little difference in paragraphs and in reporter, who has been al-Mufaddal ibn `Umar.



Fourth Form of Ziyarah
Mu`awiyah ibn `Ammar has reported that he asked Imam al-Sadiq ('a) what to do when visiting Imam al-Husayn’s tomb. The Imam ('a) taught him to say the following words:
اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya aba `abdillahi
Peace be upon you, O Abu-`Abdullah.

صَلَّىٰ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ ٱللَّهِ
salla allahu `alayka ya aba `abdillahi
May Allah bless you, O Abu-`Abdullah.

رَحِمَكَ ٱللَّهُ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ ٱللَّهِ
rahimaka allahu ya aba `abdillahi
May Allah have mercy upon you, O Abu-`Abdullah.

لَعَنَ ٱللَّهُ مَنْ قَتَلَكَ
la`ana allahu man qatalaka
May Allah curse those who slew you.

وَلَعَنَ ٱللَّهُ مَنْ شَرِكَ فِي دَمِكَ
wa la`ana allahu man sharika fi damika
May Allah curse those who took part in shedding your blood.

وَلَعَنَ ٱللَّهُ مَنْ بَلَغَهُ ذٰلِكَ فَرَضِيَ بِهِ
wa la`ana allahu man balaghahu dhalika faradiya bihi
May Allah curse those who are pleased when they knew about it.

أَنَا إِلَىٰ ٱللَّهِ مَنْ ذٰلِكَ بَريءٌ
ana ila allahi min dhalika bari'un
I disavow all those in the presence of Allah.




Fifth form of Ziyarah
From a valid chain of authority, Imam al-Kazim ('a) is reported to have asked Ibrahim ibn Abi’l-Ballad, “What do you say when you visit al-Husayn The man answered: I say the following
اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya aba `abdillahi
Peace be upon you, O Abu-`Abdullah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ رَسُولِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka yabna rasuli allahi
Peace be upon you, O son of Allah’s Messenger.

أَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ قَدْ أَقَمْتَ ٱلصَّلاَةَ
ashhadu annaka qad aqamta alssalata
I bear witness that you performed the prayers,

وَآتَيْتَ ٱلزَّكَاةَ
wa atayta alzzakata
defrayed the poor-rate,

وَأَمَرْتَ بِٱلْمَعْرُوفِ
wa amarta bilma`rufi
enjoining the right,

وَنَهَيْتَ عَنِ ٱلمُنْكَرِ
wa nahayta `ani almunkari
forbade the evil,

وَدَعَوْتَ إِلَىٰ سَبِيلِ رَبِّكَ
wa da`awta ila sabili rabbika
and called to the way of your Lord

بِٱلْحِكْمَةِ وَٱلْمَوْعِظَةِ ٱلْحَسَنَةِ
bilhikmati walmaw`izati alhasanati
with wisdom and excellent exhortation.

وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ سَفَكُوٱ دَمَكَ وَٱسْتَحَلُّوٱ حُرْمَتَكَ
wa ashhadu anna alladhina safaku damaka wastahallu hurmataka
I also bear witness that those who shed your blood and violated your sanctity

مَلْعُونُونَ مُعَذَّبُونَ عَلَىٰ لِسَانِ دَاوُدَ وَعيسَىٰ بْنِ مَرْيَمَ
mal`ununa mu`adhdhabuna `ala lisani dawuda wa `isa bni maryama
have been accursed, and will be tortured, by the tongue of David and Jesus the son of Mary.

ذٰلِكَ بِمَا عَصَوْٱ وَكَانُوٱ يَعْتَدُونَ
dhalika bima `asaw wa kanu ya`taduna
This was because they disobeyed and used to exceed the limit.

The Imam ('a) commented, “Yes, this is accurate.”



Sixth form of Ziyarah
`Ammar has reported Imam al-Sadiq ('a) as saying that when you stop at the grave of Imam al-Husayn ('a), you may say the following words
اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ رَسُولِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka yabna rasuli allahi
Peace be upon you, O son of Allah’s Messenger.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ أَمِيرِ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ
alssalamu `alayka yabna amiri almu'minina
Peace be upon you, O son of the commander of the faithful.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya aba `abdillahi
Peace be upon you, O Abu-`Abdullah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا سَيِّدَ شَبَابِ أَهْلِ ٱلْجَنَّةِ
alssalamu `alayka ya sayyida shababi ahli aljannati
Peace be upon you, O chief of the youth of Paradise.

وَرَحْمَةُ ٱللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ
wa rahmatu allahi wa barakatuhu
Allah’s mercy and blessings be upon you.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا مَنْ رِضَاهُ مِنْ رِضَا ٱلرَّحْمٰنِ
alssalamu `alayka ya man ridahu min rida alrrahmani
Peace be upon you, O he whose pleasure is part of the pleasure of the All-beneficent Lord

وَسَخَطُهُ مِنْ سَخَطِ ٱلرَّحْمٰنِ
wa sakhatuhu min sakhati alrrahmani
and whose displeasure is part of the displeasure of the All-beneficent Lord.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَمِينَ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya amina allahi
Peace be upon you, O trustee of Allah,

وَحُجَّةَ ٱللَّهِ وَبَابَ ٱللَّهِ
wa hujjata allahi wa baba allahi
Argument of Allah, door to Allah,

وَٱلدَّلِيلَ عَلَىٰ ٱللَّهِ وَٱلدَاعِيَ إِلَىٰ ٱللَّهِ
walddalila `ala allahi waldda`iya ila allahi
guide to Allah, and caller to Allah.

أَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ قَدْ حَلَّلْتَ حَلاَلَ ٱللَّهِ
ashhadu annaka qad hallata halala allahi
I bear witness that you deemed lawful all that which Allah has deemed lawful,

وَحَرَّمْتَ حَرَامَ ٱللَّهِ
wa harramta harama allahi
deemed unlawful all that which Allah has deemed unlawful,

وَأَقَمْتَ ٱلصَّلاَةَ
wa aqamta alssalata
performed the prayers,

وَآتَيْتَ ٱلزَّكَاةَ
wa atayta alzzakata
defrayed the poor-rate,

وَأَمَرْتَ بِٱلْمَعْروُفِ
wa amarta bilma`rufi
enjoined the right,

وَنَهَيْتَ عَنِ ٱلْمُنْكَرِ
wa nahayta `an almunkari
forbade the evil,

وَدَعَوْتَ إِلَىٰ سَبِيلِ رَبِّكَ
wa da`awta ila sabili rabbika
and called to the way of your Lord

بِٱلْحِكْمَةِ وَٱلْمَوْعِظَةِ ٱلْحَسَنَةِ
bilhikmati walmaw`izati alhasanati
with wisdom and excellent exhortation.

وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ وَمَنْ قُتِلَ مَعَكَ
wa ashhadu annaka wa man qutila ma`aka
I also bear witness that you, as well as those whom were slain with you,

شُهَدَاءٌ أَحْيَاءٌ عِنْدَ رَبِّكُمْ تُرْزَقُونَ
shuhada'u ahya'un `inda rabbikum turzaquna
are martyrs, alive, and provided sustenance from your Lord.

وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ قَاتِلَكَ فِي ٱلنَّارِ
wa ashhadu anna qatilaka fi alnnari
I also bear witness that your slayer shall be in Hellfire.

أَدِينُ ٱللَّهَ بِٱلْبَرَاءَةِ مِمَّنْ قَتَلَكَ
adinu allaha bilbara'ati mimman qatalaka
Before Allah, I profess disavowal of those who slew you,

وَمِمَّنْ قَاتَلَكَ وَشَايَعَ عَلَيْكَ
wa mimman qatalaka wa shaya`a `alayka
who fought against you, who supported each other against you,

وَمِمَّنْ جَمَعَ عَلَيْكَ
wa mimman jama`a `alayka
who rallied against you,

وَمِمَّنْ سَمِعَ صَوْتَكَ وَلَمْ يُعِنْكَ
wa mimman sami`a sawtaka wa lam yu`inka
and who heard your call but refrained from helping you.

يَا لَيْتَنِي كُنْتُ مَعَكُمْ فَأَفُوزَ فَوْزاً عَظيماً
ya laytani kuntu ma`akum fa'afuza fawzan `aziman
Would that I were with you, then should I achieve a great success.





Seventh Main Full Form of Ziyarah
Etiquettes |Ziyarat | Ali Ibn Hussain(sa) | Martyrs
In his book of al-Misbah, Shaykh al-Tusi has reported Safwan as saying: One day, I asked Imam al-Sadiq ('a) to permit me to visit (the holy tomb of) my master Imam al-Husayn ('a) and also asked him to guide me what to do. The Imam ('a) said to me:
O Safwan, before you begin your journey, you should fast for three days and, on the third day, wash yourself, gather your family members, and say,
اَللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْتَوْدِعُكَ ٱلْيَوْمَ نَفْسِي…
allahumma inni astawdi`uka alyawma nafsi…
O Allah, I beseech You on this day to accept as trusts my self…

Imam al-Sadiq ('a) then taught Safwan a supplicatory prayer to be said near the River Euphrates. He ('a) then said:
Wash yourself in the River Euphrates, for my father, on the authority of his fathers, narrated that the Messenger of Allah (s) said, ‘After my demise, my son (al-Husayn) will be killed on the bank of the Euphrates. He who washes himself in that river (intending to visit the tomb of al-Husayn) will have all of his sins eradicated as if he has just been born by his mother.’
As you wash yourself in the river, Imam al-Sadiq ('a) continued, say the following:
GHUSL dua
بِسْمِ ٱللَّهِ وَبِٱللَّهِ
bismillahi wa billahi
In the Name of Allah (I begin) and in Allah (I put my trust).

اَللَّهُمَّ ٱجْعَلْهُ نُوراً وَطَهُوراً
allahumma ij`alhu nuran wa tahuran
O Allah, (I beseech You to) make this water for me light, purification,

وَحِرْزاً وَشِفَاءً مِنْ كُلِّ دَاءٍ
wa hirzan wa shifa'an min kulli da'in
shelter, and remedy from every malady,

وَسُقْمٍ وَآفَةٍ وَعَاهَةٍ
wa suqmin wa afatin wa `ahatin
ill, epidemic, or defect.

اَللَّهُمَّ طَهِّرْ بِهِ قَلْبِي
allahumma tahhir bihi qalbi
O Allah, purify my heart through this water,

وَٱشْرَحْ بِهِ صَدْرِي
washrah bihi sadri
expand my breast for me,

وَسَهِّلْ لِي بِهِ أَمْرِي
wa sahhil li bihi amri
and make my affair easy to me.

When you finish washing yourself, Imam al-Sadiq went on, put on two dresses and offer a two-unit prayer not very far from the bank of the river. That is the very place about which Almighty Allah said: ﮞ ﮟ ﮠ ﮡ ﮢ ﮣ ﮤ ﮥ ﮦ ﮧ ﮨ ﮩ ﮪ ﮫ ﮬ ﮭ ﮮ ﮯ ﮰ ﮱ ﯓﯔ And in the earth there are tracts side by side and gardens of grapes and corn and palm trees having one root and (others) having distinct roots‑‑ they are watered with one water, and We make some of them excel others in fruit. (13:4)
As you finish your prayer, direct towards the Ha'ir (i.e. Imam al-Husayn’s shrine) with tranquility and solemnity. As you walk, try to make short steps, for Allah the All-exalted shall record for you the reward of going on hajj (holy pilgrimage to Mecca) and going on ‘Umrah (recommended pilgrimage to Mecca). Try to be pious-hearted with tearful eyes. Repeat as many times as possible the Takbir statement (saying allahu Akbar—Allah is the Most Great), the Tahlil statement (saying la ilaha illa (a)llahu—There is no god but Allah), statements of praising Allah, statements of invoking blessings on the Holy Prophet and his Household in general and blessings on Imam al-Husayn in particular, and statements of cursing those who killed him and those who were the main reason beyond so.

At the door of the Hai'r, you may stop and say the following words: اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ كَبِيراً
allahu akbaru kabiran
Allah is verily the Most Great.
وَٱلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ كَثِيراً
walhamdu lillahi kathiran
Very much thanks is due to Allah.

وَسُبْحَانَ ٱللَّهِ بُكْرَةً وَأَصِيلاً
wa subhana allahi bukratan wa asilan
All praise be to Allah in morns and eves.

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ ٱلَّذِي هَدَانَا لِهٰذَا
alhamdu lillahi alladhi hadana lihadha
All praise is due to Allah Who has guided us to this

وَمَا كُنَّا لِنَهْتَدِيَ لَوْ لاََ أَنْ هَدَانَا ٱللَّهُ
wa ma kunna linahtadiya lawla an hadana allahu
and we would not have found the way had it not been that Allah guided us.

لَقَدْ جَاءَتْ رُسُلُ رَبِّنَا بِٱلْحَقِّ
laqad ja'at rusulu rabbina bilhaqqi
Certainly, the apostles of our Lord brought the truth.


Permission to enter
Then, you should say the following words:
اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا رَسُولَ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya rasula allahi
Peace be upon you, O Messenger of Allah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا نَبِيَّ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya nabiyya allahi
Peace be upon you, O Prophet of Allah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا خَاتَمَ ٱلنَّبِيِّينَ
alssalamu `alayka ya khatama alnnabiyyina
Peace be upon you, O seal of the prophets.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا سَيِّدَ ٱلْمُرْسَلِينَ
alssalamu `alayka ya sayyida almursalina
Peace be upon you, O chief of the Messengers.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا حَبِيبَ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya habiba allahi
Peace be upon you, O most beloved by Allah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَمِيرَ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ
alssalamu `alayka ya amira almu'minina
Peace be upon you, O commander of the faithful.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا سَيِّدَ ٱلْوَصِيِّينَ
alssalamu `alayka ya sayyida alwasiyyina
Peace be upon you, O chief of the Prophets’ successors.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا قَائِدَ ٱلْغُرِّ ٱلْمُحَجَّلِينَ
alssalamu `alayka ya qa'ida alghurri almuhajjalina
Peace be upon you, O leader of the white-forehead and white-footed ones (on the Day of Resurrection).

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ فَاطِمَةَ
alssalamu `alayka yabna fatimata
Peace be upon you, O son of Fatimah

سَيِّدَةِ نِسَاءِ ٱلْعَالَمِينَ
sayyidati nisa'i al`alamina
the doyenne of the women of this world.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ وَعَلَىٰ ٱلأَئِمَّةِ مِنْ وُلْدِكَ
alssalamu `alayka wa `ala al-a'immati min wuldika
Peace be upon you and upon the Imams from your progeny.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَصِيَّ أَمِيرِ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ
alssalamu `alayka ya wasiyya amiri almu'minina
Peace be upon you, O successor of the commander of the faithful.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا ٱلصِّدِّيقُ ٱلشَّهِيدُ
alssalamu `alayka ayyuha alssiddiqu alshshahidu
Peace be upon you, O veracious and martyr.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ يَا مَلاَئِكَةَ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alaykum ya mala'ikata allahi
Peace be upon you, O Angels of Allah

ٱلْمُقِيمِينَ فِي هٰذَا ٱلْمَقَامِ ٱلشَّرِيفِ
almuqimina fi hadha almaqami alshsharifi
who reside in this holy shrine.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ يَا مَلاَئِكَةَ رَبِّي
alssalamu `alaykum ya mala'ikata rabbi
Peace be upon you, O my Lord’s Angels

ٱلْمُحْدِقِينَ بِقَبْرِ ٱلْحُسَيْنِ عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلاَمُ
almuhdiqina biqabri alhusayni `alayhi alssalamu
who surround the tomb of al-Husayn, peace be upon him.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنِّي أَبَداً
alssalamu `alaykum minni abadan
Peace be upon all of you forever

مَا بَقِيتُ وَبَقِيَ ٱللَّيْلُ وَٱلنَّهَارُ
ma baqitu wa baqiya allaylu walnnaharu
as long as I am existent and as long as there are day and night.

You should then say these words:
اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya aba `abdillahi
Peace be upon you, O Abu-Abdullah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ رَسُولِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka yabna rasuli allahi
Peace be upon you, O son of the Messenger of Allah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ أَمِيرِ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ
alssalamu `alayka yabna amiri almu'minina
Peace be upon you, O son of the commander of the faithful.

عَبْدُكَ وَٱبْنُ عَبْدِكَ وَٱبْنُ أَمَتِكَ
`abduka wabnu `abdika wabnu amatika
I am your slave and son of your slave and bondmaid.

ٱلْمُقِرُّ بِٱلرِّقِّ وَٱلتَّارِكُ لِلْخِلاَفِ عَلَيْكُمْ
almuqirru bilrriqqi walttariku lilkhilafi `alaykum
I confess of my servantship to you, acquit from being opposite to you,

وَٱلْمُوَالِي لِوَلِيِّكُمْ وَٱلْمُعَادِي لِعَدُوِّكُمْ
walmuwali liwaliyykum walmu`adi li`aduwwikum
accede to any one who accedes to you, and antagonize an yone who antagonizes you.

قَصَدَ حَرَمَكَ وَٱسْتَجَارَ بِمَشْهَدِكَ
qasada haramaka wastajara bimashhadika
I direct towards your holy shrine, seek shelter with your (burial) place

وَتَقَرَّبَ إِلَيْكَ بِقَصْدِكَ
wa taqarraba ilayka biqasdika
and seeking nearness to you through directing to you.

أَأَدْخُلُ يَا رَسُولَ ٱللَّهِ
a'adkhulu ya rasula allahi
O Messenger of Allah, may I enter?

أَأَدْخُلُ يَا نَبِيَّ ٱللَّهِ
a'adkhulu ya nabiyya allahi
O Prophet of Allah, may I enter?

أَأَدْخُلُ يَا أَمِيرَ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ
a'adkhulu ya amira almu'minina
O Commander of the faithful, may I enter?

أَأَدْخُلُ يَا سَيِّدَ ٱلْوَصِيِّينَ
a'adkhulu ya sayyida alwasiyyina
O Chief of the prophets’ successors, may I enter?

أَأَدْخُلُ يَا فَاطِمَةُ سَيِّدَةَ نِسَاءِ ٱلْعَالَمِينَ
a'adkhulu ya fatimatu sayyidata nisa'i al`alamina
O Fatimah the doyenne of the women of the world, may I enter?

أَأَدْخُلُ يَا مَوْلاَيَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ ٱللَّهِ
a'adkhulu ya mawlaya ya aba`abdillahi
O my master Abu `Abdullah, may I enter?

أَأَدْخُلُ يَا مَوْلاَيَ يَا بْنَ رَسُولِ ٱللَّهِ
a'adkhulu ya mawlaya yabna rasuli allahi
O my master and son of the Messenger of Allah, may I enter?


At entrance
If you feel that your heart has become submissive and your eyes have become tearful, then that will be the sign of permission to enter. You then should enter and say these words:
اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ ٱلْوَاحِدِ ٱلأَحَدِ
alhamdu lillahi alwahidi al-ahadi
All praise is due to Allah the One, the Unique,

ٱلْفَرْدِ ٱلصَّمَدِ
alfardi alssamadi
the Single, the Absolute,

ٱلَّذِي هَدَانِي لِوِلاَيَتِكَ
alladhi hadani liwilayatika
Who has guided me to be loyal to you,

وَخَصَّنِي بِزِيَارَتِكَ
wa khassani biziyaratika
given me exclusively the chance to visit your tomb,

وَسَهَّلَ لِي قَصْدَكَ
wa sahhala li qasdaka
and made it easy for me to direct to you.


Z I Y A R A T
You should then come near the door of the dome from the side of the Imam’s head and say these words:
اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ آدَمَ صَفْوَةِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya waritha adama safwati allahi
Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Adam the choice of Allah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ نُوحٍ نَبِيِّ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya waritha nuhin nabiyyi allahi
Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Noah the prophet of Allah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ خَلِيلِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya waritha ibrahima khalili allahi
Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Abraham the intimate friend of Allah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ مُوسَىٰ كَلِيمِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya waritha musa kalimi allahi
Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Moses the spoken by Allah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ عِيسَىٰ رُوحِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya waritha `isa ruhi allahi
Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Jesus the spirit of Allah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ مُحَمَّدٍ حَبِيبِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya waritha muhammadin habibi allahi
Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Muhammad the most beloved by Allah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ أَمِيرِ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلاَمُ
alssalamu `alayka ya waritha amiri almu'minina
Peace be upon you, O inheritor of the Commander of the Faithful, peace be upon him.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ مُحَمَّدٍ ٱلْمُصْطَفَىٰ
alssalamu `alayka yabna muhammadin almustafa
Peace be upon you, O son of Muhammad the well-chosen Prophet.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ عَلِيٍّ ٱلْمُرْتَضَىٰ
alssalamu `alayka yabna `aliyyin almurtada
Peace be upon you, O son of `Ali the well-pleased.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ فَاطِمَةَ ٱلزَّهْرَاءِ
alssalamu `alayka yabna fatimata alzzahra'i
Peace be upon you, O son of Fatimah the luminous lady.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ خَدِيـجَةَ ٱلْكُبْرَىٰ
alssalamu `alayka yabna khadijata alkubra
Peace be upon you, O son of Khadijah the grand lady.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ثَارَ ٱللَّهِ وَٱبْنَ ثَارِهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya thara allahi wabna tharihi
Peace be upon you, O vengeance of Allah, son of His vengeance,

وَٱلْوِتْرَ ٱلْمَوْتُورَ
walwitra almawtura
and the unavenged so far.

أَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ قَدْ أَقَمْتَ ٱلصَّلاَةَ
ashhadu annaka qad aqamta alssalata
I bear witness that you performed the prayers,

وَآتَيْتَ ٱلزَّكَاةَ
wa atayta alzzakata
defrayed the poor-rate,

وَأَمَرْتَ بِٱلْمَعْرُوفِ
wa amarta bilma`rufi
enjoined the right,

وَنَهَيْتَ عَنِ ٱلْمُنْكَرِ
wa nahayta `an almunkari
forbade the wrong,

وَأَطَعْتَ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ حَتَّىٰ أَتَاكَ ٱلْيَقِينُ
wa ata`ta allaha wa rasulahu hatta ataka alyaqinu
and obeyed Allah and His Messenger until death came upon you.

فَلَعَنَ ٱللَّهُ أُمَّةً قَتَلَتْكَ
fala`ana allahu ummatan qatalatka
So, may Allah curse the people who slew you.

وَلَعَنَ ٱللَّهُ أُمَّةً ظَلَمَتْكَ
wa la`ana allahu ummatan zalamatka
May Allah curse the people who persecuted you.

وَلَعَنَ ٱللَّهُ أُمَّةً سَمِعَتْ بِذٰلِكَ فَرَضِيَتْ بِهِ
wa la`ana allahu ummatan sami`at bidhalika faradiyat bihi
May Allah curse the people who were pleased when they had heard of that.

يَا مَوْلاَيَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ ٱللَّهِ
ya mawlaya ya aba `abdillahi
O my Master, O Abu-`Abdullah!

أَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ كُنْتَ نُوراً فِي ٱلأَصْلاَبِ ٱلشَّامِخَةِ
ashhadu annaka kunta nuran fi al-aslabi alshshamikhati
I bear witness that you were light in the sublime loins

وَٱلأَرْحَامِ ٱلْمُطَهَّرَةِ
wal-arhami almutahharati
and purified wombs;

لَمْ تُنَجِّسْكَ ٱلْجَاهِلِيَّةُ بِأَنْجَاسِهَا
lam tunajjiska aljahiliyyatu bi'anjasiha
the impurities of the Ignorance Era could not object you to filth

وَلَمْ تُلْبِسْكَ مِنْ مُدْلَهِمَّاتِ ثِيَابِهَا
wa lam tulbiska min mudlahimmati thiyabiha
nor could it dress you its murky clothes.

وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ مِنْ دَعَائِمِ ٱلدِّينِ
wa ashhadu annaka min da`a'imi alddini
I also bear witness that you are one of the mainstays of the religion

وَأَرْكَانِ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ
wa arkani almu'minina
and the supports of the faithful believers.

وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ ٱلإِمَامُ ٱلْبَرُّ ٱلتَّقِيُّ
wa ashhadu annaka al-imamu albarru alttaqiyyu
I also bear witness that you are the God-fearing, pious,

ٱلرَّضِيُّ ٱلزَّكِيُّ
alrradiyyu alzzakiyyu
pleased, immaculate,

ٱلْهَادِي ٱلْمَهْدِيُّ
alhadi almahdiyyu
guide, and well-guided Imam.

وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ ٱلأَئِمَّةَ مِنْ وُلْدِكَ كَلِمَةُ ٱلتَّقْوَىٰ
wa ashhadu anna al-a'immata min wuldika kalimatu alttaqwa
And (I bear witness) that the Imams from your progeny are the spokesmen of piety,

وَأَعْلاَمُ ٱلْهُدَىٰ
wa a`lamu alhuda
the signs of guidance,

وَٱلْعُروَةُ ٱلْوُثْقَىٰ
wal`urwatu alwuthqa
the firmest handle (of Islam),

وَٱلْحُجَّةُ عَلَىٰ أَهْلِ ٱلدُّنْيَا
walhujjatu `ala ahli alddunya
and the decisive Argument against the inhabitants of the world.

وَأُشْهِدُ ٱللَّهَ وَمَلاَئِكَتَهُ
wa ushhidu allaha wa mala'ikatahu
And I call Allah, His angels,

وَأَنْبِيَاءَهُ وَرُسُلَهُ
wa anbiya'ahu wa rusulahu
His Prophets, and His Messenger

أَنِّي بِكُمْ مُؤْمِنٌ وَبِإِيَابِكُمْ
anni bikum mu'minun wa bi'yabikum
to witness for me that I believe in you all and in your Return,

مُوقِنٌ بِشَرَائِعِ دِينِي وَخَوَاتِيمِ عَمَلي
muqinun bishara'i`i dini wa khawatimi `amali
I have full confidence in the laws of my religion and in the seals of my deeds,

وَقَلْبِي لِقَلْبِكُمْ سِلْمٌ
wa qalbi liqalbikum silmun
my heart is at peace with you all,

وَأَمْرِي لأَمْرِكُمْ مُتَّبِعٌ
wa amri li'amrikum muttbi`un
and all my affairs are based on your commands.

صَلَوَاتُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَعَلَىٰ أَرْوَاحِكُمْ
salawatu allahi `alaykum wa `ala arwahikum
May Allah’s benedictions be on your souls,

وَعَلَىٰ أَجْسَادِكُمْ وَعَلَىٰ أَجْسَامِكُمْ
wa `ala ajsadikum wa `ala ajsamikum
your bodies, your forms,

وَعَلَىٰ شَاهِدِكُمْ وَعَلَىٰ غَائِبِكُمْ
wa `ala shahidikum wa `ala gha'ibkum
the present and the absent from you,

وَعَلَىٰ ظَاهِرِكُمْ وَعَلَىٰ بَاطِنِكُمْ
wa `ala zahirikum wa `ala batinikum
and the apparent and the invisible from you.

Then, you may throw yourself on the tomb, kiss it, and say these words:
بِأَبِي أَنْتَ وَأُمِّي يَا بْنَ رَسُولِ ٱللَّهِ
bi'abi anta wa ummi yabna rasuli allahi
My father and mother be sacrificed for you, O son of the Messenger of Allah!

بِأَبِي أَنْتَ وَأُمِّي يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ ٱللَّهِ
bi'abi anta wa ummi ya aba `abdillahi
My father and mother be sacrificed for you, O Abu `Abdullah!

لَقَدْ عَظُمَتِ ٱلرَّزِيَّةُ
laqad `azumat alrraziyyatu
Extremely terrible was the calamity

وَجَلَّتِ ٱلْمُصيبَةُ بِكَ عَلَيْنَا
wa jallat almusibatu bika `alayna
and astounding is the misfortune that you suffered upon us

وَعَلَىٰ جَمِيعِ أَهْلِ ٱلسَّمَاوَاتِ وَٱلأَرْضِ
wa `ala jami`i ahli alssamawati wal-ardi
and upon all the inhabitants of the heavens and the earth.

فَلَعَنَ ٱللَّهُ أُمَّةً أَسْرَجَتْ وَأَلْجَمَتْ
fala`ana allahu ummatan asrajat wa aljamat
Therefore, Allah may curse the people who saddled up, gave rein to their horses,

وَتَهَيَّأَتْ لِقِتَالِكَ
wa tahayya'at liqitalika
and prepared themselves to kill you.

يَا مَوْلاَيَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ ٱللَّهِ
ya mawlaya ya aba `abdillahi
O my Master, O Abu `Abdullah!

قَصَدْتُ حَرَمَكَ
qasadtu haramaka
I moved towards your sanctuary

وَأَتَيْتُ إِلَىٰ مَشْهَدِكَ
wa ataytu ila mashhadika
and came to your shrine

أَسْأَلُ ٱللَّهَ بِٱلشَّأْنِ ٱلَّذِي لَكَ عِنْدَهُ
as'alu allaha bilshsha'ni alladhi laka `indahu
beseeching Allah in the name of the standing that you enjoy with Him

وَبِٱلْمَحَلِّ ٱلَّذِي لَكَ لَدَيْهِ
wa bilmahalli alladhi laka ladayhi
and the position that you occupy with Him

أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ
an yusalliya `ala muhammadin wa ali muhammadin
to send blessings on Muhammad and on the Household of Muhammad

وَأَنْ يَجْعَلَنِي مَعَكُمْ فِي ٱلدُّنْيَا وَٱلآخِرَةِ
wa an yaj`alani ma`akum fi alddunya wal-akhirati
and to keep me with you in this world and in the Hereafter.


Then, you should stand up for offering a two-unit prayer next to the side of the Imam’s head. In this prayer, you can recite any Surah you like. When you finish, you should say these words:
اَللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي صَلَّيْتُ وَرَكَعْتُ وَسَجَدْتُ
allahumma inni sallaytu wa raka`tu wa sajadtu
O Allah, I have offered a prayer, genuflected, and prostrated myself

لَكَ وَحْدَكَ لاََ شَرِيكَ لَكَ
laka wahdaka la sharika laka
for Your sake purely without setting any partner with You

لأَنَّ ٱلصَّلاَةَ وَٱلرُّكُوعَ وَٱلسُّجُودَ
li'anna alssalata walrruku`a walssujuda
since all prayers, genuflection, and prostration

لاََ تَكُونُ إِلاَّ لَكَ
la takunu illa laka
suit none except You.

لإَِنَّكَ أَنْتَ ٱللَّهُ لاََ إِلٰهَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ
li'annaka anta allahu la ilaha illa anta
Because You are Allah, there in n0 god save You.

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍٍ
allahumma salli `ala muhammadin wa ali muhammadin
O Allah, (please) send blessings on Muhammad and the Household of Muhammad,

وَأَبْلِغْهُمْ عَنِّي أَفْضَلَ ٱلسَّلاَمِ وَٱلتَّحِيَّةِ
wa ablighhum `anni afdala alssalami walttahiyyati
and convey to them my best greetings and compliments

وَٱرْدُدْ عَلَيَّ مِنْهُمُ ٱلسَّلاَمَ
wardud `alayya minhum alssalama
and convey to me their replies.

اَللَّهُمَّ وَهَاتَانِ ٱلرَّكْعَتَانِ
allahumma wa hatani alrrak`atani
O Allah, these two units of prayer

هَدِيَّةٌ مِنِّي إِلَىٰ مَوْلاَيَ
hadiyyatun minni ila mawlaya
are present from me to my master

ٱلْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ عَلَيْهِمَا ٱلسَّلاَمُ
alhusayni bni `aliyyin `alayhima alssalamu
al-Husayn the son of `Ali, peace be upon both of them.

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَيْهِ
allahumma salli `ala muhammadin wa `alayhi
O Allah, send blessings on Muhammad and on him,

وَتَقَبَّلْ مِنِّي وَأْجُرْنِي عَلَىٰ ذٰلِكَ
wa taqabbal minni wa'jurni `ala dhalika
accept my effort, and reward me for it

بِأَفْضَلِ أَمَلِي وَرَجَائِي فِيكَ
bi'afdali amali wa raja'i fika
in the best rewarding that I anticipate and hope from You

وَفِي وَلِيِّكَ يَا وَلِيَّ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ
wa fi waliyyika ya waliyya almu'minina
and from Your saint, O Guardian of the faithful!


Ziarat Hazrat Ali Akber (sa)
Then, move to the side of the Imam’s feet, stop at the place of the head of `Ali ibn al-Husayn ('a) and say the following words:
اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ رَسُولِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka yabna rasuli allahi
Peace be upon you, O son of the Messenger of Allah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ نَبِيِّ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka yabna nabiyyi allahi
Peace be upon you, O son of the Prophet of Allah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ أَمِيرِ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ
alssalamu `alayka yabna amiri almu'minina
Peace be upon you, O son of the commander of the faithful.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ ٱلْحُسَيْنِ ٱلشَّهِيدِ
alssalamu `alayka yabna alhusayni alshshahidi
Peace be upon you, O son of al-Husayn the martyr.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا ٱلشَّهِيدُ
alssalamu `alayka ayyuha alshshahidu
Peace be upon you, O martyr.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا ٱلْمَظْلُومُ وَٱبْنُ ٱلْمَظْلُومِ
alssalamu `alayka ayyuha almazlumu wabnu almazlumi
Peace be upon you, O wronged and harassed and the son of the wrong and harassed.

لَعَنَ ٱللَّهُ أُمَّةً قَتَلَتْكَ
la`ana allahu ummatan qatalatka
Curse of Allah be on those who killed you.

وَلَعَنَ ٱللَّهُ أُمَّةً ظَلَمَتْكَ
wa la`ana allahu ummatan zalamatka
Curse of Allah be on those who persecuted you.

وَلَعَنَ ٱللَّهُ أُمَّةً سَمِعَتْ بِذٰلِكَ فَرَضَيِتْ بِهِ
wa la`ana allahu ummatan sami`at bidhalika faradiyat bihi
Curse of Allah be on those who heard this even but rested satisfied.


You should then throw yourself on the tomb, kiss it, and say the following words:
اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَلِيَّ ٱللَّهِ وَٱبْنَ وَلِيِّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya waliyya allahi wabna waliyyihi
Peace be upon you, O intimate servant of Allah and the son of His intimate servant.

لَقَدْ عَظُمَتِ ٱلْمُصيبَةُ
laqad `azumat almusibatu
Extremely terrible was the calamity

وَجَلَّتِ ٱلرَّزِيَّةُ بِكَ عَلَيْنَا
wa jallat alrraziyyatu bika `alayna
and astounding is the misfortune that you suffered, upon us

وَعَلَىٰ جَمِيعِ ٱلْمُسْلِمينَ
wa `ala jami`i almuslimina
and upon all Muslims.

فَلَعَنَ ٱللَّهُ أُمَّةً قَتَلَتْكَ
fala`ana allahu ummatan qatalatka
So, curse of Allah be on those who killed you

وَأَبْرَأُ إِلَىٰ ٱللَّهِ وَإِلَيْكَ مِنْهُمْ
wa abra'u ila allahi wa ilayka minhum
and I disavow them in the presence of Allah and You.


Ziyarat Martyrs You should then leave from the door that is at the side of `Ali ibn al-Husayn’s feet, direct towards the martyrs, and say the following words:
اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ يَا أَوْلِيَاءَ ٱللَّهِ وَأَحِبَّائَهُ
alssalamu `alaykum ya awliya'a allahi wa ahibba'ahu
Peace be upon all of you, O friends and dears of Allah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ يَا أَصْفِيَاءَ ٱللَّهِ وَأَوِدَّاءَهُ
alssalamu `alaykum ya asfiya'a allahi wa awidda'ahu
Peace be upon all of you, O choice of Allah and sincerely attached to Him.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ يَا أَنْصَارَ دِينِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alaykum ya ansara dini allahi
Peace be upon all of you, O supporters of Allah’s religion.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ يَا أَنْصَارَ رَسُولِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alaykum ya ansara rasuli allahi
Peace be upon all of you, O supporters of the Messenger of Allah.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ يَا أَنْصَارَ أَمِيرِ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ
alssalamu `alaykum ya ansara amiri almu'minina
Peace be upon all of you, O supporters of the Commander of the Faithful.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ يَا أَنْصَارَ فَاطِمَةَ سَيِّدَةِ نِسَاءِ ٱلْعَالَمِينَ
alssalamu `alaykum ya ansara fatimata sayyidati nisa'i al`alamina
Peace be upon all of you, O supporters of Fatimah the doyenne of the women of this world.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ يَا أَنْصَارَ أَبِي مُحَمَّدٍ
alssalamu `alaykum ya ansara abi muhammadin
Peace be upon all of you, O supporters of Abu Muhammad,

ٱلْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ ٱلْوَلِيِّ ٱلنَّاصِحِ
alhasani ibni `aliyyin alwaliyyi alnnasihi
al-Hasan the son of `Ali, the saintly and sincere.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ يَا أَنْصَارَ أَبِي عَبْدِ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alaykum ya ansara abi `abdillahi
Peace be upon all of you, O supporters of Abu-`Abdullah.

بِأَبِي أَنْتُمْ وَأُمِّي
bi'abi antum wa ummi
My father and mother be sacrificed for you.

طِبْتُمْ وَطَابَتِ ٱلأَرْضُ ٱلَّتِي فِيهَا دُفِنْتُمْ
tibtum wa tabat al-ardu allati fiha dufintum
Verily, pure be you and pure be the soil in which you were buried.

وَفُزْتُمْ فَوْزاً عَظيماً
wa fuztum fawzan `aziman
You attained great success.

فَيَا لَيْتَنِي كُنْتُ مَعَكُمْ فَأَفُوزَ مَعَكُمْ
fayalaytani kuntu ma`akum fa'afuza ma`akum
Would that I were with you so that I could also share the accomplishment with you.

You should then return to the place near the head of Imam al-Husayn ('a), supplicate Almighty Allah as much as you can, and pray for yourself, your family members, your parents, and your friends, because any prayer in the holy shrine of Imam al-Husayn (`a) shall never be rejected. Commentary: Known as Ziyarah Warith, this form of ziyarah has been quoted from Shaykh al-Tusi’s book of Misbah al-Mutahajjid, which is one of the most sublime, reliable, and famous books in the scholastic milieus. I have therefore quoted this form of ziyarah from this honorable book without leaning on any other means or reference book. Hence, the sealing statement of this form was the following:
فَيَا لَيْتَنِي كُنْتُ مَعَكُمْ فَأَفُوزَ مَعَكُمْ
fayalaytani kuntu ma`akum fa'afuza ma`akum
Would that I were with you so that I could also share the accomplishment with you.





Ziyarah of al-`Abbas ibn `Ali
Seperate Ziarat Page
The noble Shaykh Ja`far ibn Qawlawayh al-Qummi has reported through a considerable chain of authority that Abu-Hamzah al-Thumali reported Imam al-Sadiq (`a) as saying: If you intend to visit the tomb of al-`Abbas ibn `Ali (`a) that lies on the bank of the River Euphrates opposite to al-Ha'ir, you should stop at the gate of the shed (precinct) and say these words:
سَلاَمُ ٱللَّهِ وَسَلاَمُ مَلاَئِكَتِهِ ٱلْمُقَرَّبِينَ
salamu allahi wa salamu mala'ikatihi almuqarrabina
Peace of Allah and peace of His favorite angels,

وَأَنْبِيَائِهِ ٱلْمُرْسَلِينَ
wa anbiya'ihi almursalina
His commissioned prophets,

وَعِبَادِهِ ٱلصَالِحينَ
wa `ibadihi alssalihina
His righteous servants,

وَجَمِيعِ ٱلشُّهَدَاءِ وَٱلصِّدِّيقينَ
wa jami`i alshshuhada'i walssiddiqina
all the martyrs, and all the veracious (ones),

وَٱلزَّاكِيَاتُ ٱلطَّيِّبَاتُ فِيمَا تَغْتَدِي وَتَرُوحُ
walzzakiyatu alttayyibatu fima taghtadi wa taruhu
and also pure, true blessings that come and go,

عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ أَمِيرِ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ
`alayka yabna amiri almu'minina
be upon you, O son of the Commander of the Faithful.

أَشْهَدُ لَكَ بِٱلتَّسْلِيمِ وَٱلتَّصْدِيقِ
ashhadu laka bilttaslimi walttasdiqi
I testify to you of submission (to the will of God), honest acceptance as true,

وَٱلْوَفَاءِ وَٱلنَّصِيحَةِ
walwafa'i walnnasihati
loyalty, and sincerity

لِخَلَفِ ٱلنَّبِيِّ صَلَّىٰ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ ٱلْمُرْسَلِ
likhalafi alnnabiyyi salla allahu `alayhi wa alihi almursali
to the descendant of the commissioned Prophet, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Household,

وَٱلسِّبْطِ ٱلْمُنْتَجَبِ
walssibti almuntajabi
the chosen grandson (of the Prophet),

وَٱلدَّلِيلِ ٱلْعَالِمِ
walddalili al`alimi
the well knowledgeable guide (to the true religion),

وَٱلْوَصِيِّ ٱلْمُبَلِّغِ
walwasiyyi almuballighi
the conveying successor,

وَٱلْمَظْلُومِ ٱلْمُهْتَضَمِ
walmazlumi almuhtadami
and the wrongfully oppressed one.

فَجَزَاكَ ٱللَّهُ عَنْ رَسُولِهِ
fajazaka allahu `an rasulihi
So, Allah may reward you on behalf of His Messenger,

وَعَنْ أَمِيرِ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ
wa `an amiri almu'minina
the Commander of the Faithful,

وَعَنِ ٱلْحَسَنِ وَٱلْحُسَيْنِ
wa `an alhasani walhusayni
al-Hasan, and al-Husayn,

صَلَوَاتُ ٱللَّهِ عَلَيْهِمْ
salawatu allahi `alayhim
peace of Allah be upon them,

أَفْضَلَ ٱلْجَزَاءِ
afdala aljaza'i
with the best reward

بِمَا صَبَرْتَ وَٱحْتَسَبْتَ وَأَعَنْتَ
bima sabarta wahtasabta wa a`anta
for your steadfastness, dedication (to the sake of God), and support (for the right party).

فَنِعْمَ عُقْبَىٰ ٱلدَّارِ
fani`ma `uqba alddari
Very excellent be the reward of the eternal life.

لَعَنَ ٱللَّهُ مَنْ قَتَلَكَ
la`ana allahu man qatalaka
Allah’s curse be on him who killed you.

وَلَعَنَ ٱللَّهُ مَنْ جَهِلَ حَقَّكَ
wa la`ana allahu man jahila haqqaka
Allah’s curse be on him who ignored your position

وَٱسْتَخَفَّ بِحُرْمَتِكَ
wastakhaffa bihurmatika
and belittled your sanctity.

وَلَعَنَ ٱللَّهُ مَنْ حَالَ بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَ مَاءِ ٱلْفُرَاتِ
wa la`ana allahu man hala baynaka wa bayna ma'i alfurati
Allah’s curse be on him who precluded you from having from the water of the Euphrates.

أَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ قُتِلْتَ مَظْلُوماً
ashhadu annaka qutilta mazluman
I testify that you were killed wrongfully

وَأَنَّ ٱللَّهَ مُنْجِزٌ لَكُمْ مَا وَعَدَكُمْ
wa anna allaha munjizun lakum ma wa`adakum
and that Allah will verily fulfill His promise that He made with you.

جِئْتُكَ يَا بْنَ أَمِيرِ ٱلُمْؤْمِنينَ وَافِداً إِلَيْكُمْ
ji'tuka yabna amiri almu'minina wafidan ilaykum
O son of the Commander of the Faithful, I have come to you to present myself before you.

وَقَلْبِي مُسَلِّمٌ لَكُمْ وَتَابِعٌ
wa qalbi musallimun lakum wa tabi`un
My heart is submissive to you and is following you.

وَأَنَا لَكُمْ تَابِعٌ
wa ana lakum tabi`un
And I am your follower.

وَنُصْرَتِي لَكُمْ مُعَدَّةٌ
wa nusrati lakum mu`addatun
I am ready to support you

حَتَّىٰ يَحْكُمَ ٱللَّهُ
hatta yahkuma allahu
until Allah decides.

وَهُوَ خَيْرُ ٱلْحَاكِمِينَ
wa huwa khayru alhakimina
He is surely the best of all those who decide.

فَمَعَكُمْ مَعَكُمْ
fama`akum ma`akum
I am verily with you,

لاََ مَعَ عَدُوِّكُمْ
la ma`a `aduwwikum
not with your enemy.

إِنِّي بِكُمْ وَبِإِيَابِكُمْ مِنَ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ
inni bikum wa bi'iyabikum min almu'minina
I am one of those who believe in you and believe in your Return.

وَبِمَنْ خَالَفَكُمْ وَقَتَلَكُمْ مِنَ ٱلْكَافَرينَ
wa biman khalafakum wa qatalakum min alkafirina
I also one of those who deny your opposites and killers.

قَتَلَ ٱللَّهُ أُمَّةً قَتَلَتْكُمْ بِٱلأَيْدِي وَٱلأَلْسُنِ
qatala allahu ummatan qatalatkum bil-aidi wal-alsuni
Allah may kill the group who killed you with hands and tongues (by giving orders of killing you.)


You should then enter, throw yourself on the tomb, and say the following words:
السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا ٱلعَبْدُ ٱلصَّالِحُ
alssalamu `alayka ayyuha al`abdu alssalihu
Peace be upon you, O righteous servant (of Allah)

ٱلمُطِيعُ لِلَّهِ وَلِرَسُولِهِ وَلأَمِيرِ ٱلمُؤْمِنِينَ
almuti`u lillahi wa lirasulihi wa li'amiri almu'minina
and obedient to Allah, to His Messenger, to the Commander of the Faithful,

وَٱلحَسَنِ وَٱلحُسَيْنِ صَلَّىٰ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ وَسَلَّمَ
walhasani walhusayni salla allahu `alayhim wa sallama
to al-Hasan, and to al-Husayn, peace and greetings of Allah be upon them.

السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ وَرَحْمَةُ ٱللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ
alssalamu `alayka wa rahmatu allahi wa barakatuhu
Peace, Allah’s mercy, blessings,

وَمَغْفِرَتُهُ وَرِضْوَانُهُ وَعَلَىٰ رُوحِكَ وَبَدَنِكَ
wa maghfiratuhu wa ridwanuhu wa `ala ruhika wa badanika
forgiveness, and gratifications be upon you, your soul, and your body.

أَشْهَدُ وَأُشْهِدُ ٱللَّهَ أَنَّكَ مَضَيْتَ عَلَىٰ مَا مَضَىٰ بِهِ ٱلبَدْرِيُّونَ
ashhadu wa ushhidu allaha annaka madayta `ala ma mada bihi albadriyyuna
I testify, and call Allah to witness, that you abided by the same course that was taken by the warriors of (the battle of) Badr

وَٱلمُجَاهِدُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ
walmujahiduna fi sabili allahi
and the strivers for Allah’s sake

ٱلمُنَاصِحُونَ لَهُ فِي جِهَادِ أَعْدَائِهِ
almunasihuna lahu fi jihadi a`da'ihi
who sincerely served Him in the battlefields against His enemies,

ٱلمُبَالِغُونَ فِي نُصْرَةِ أَوْلِيَائِهِ
almubalighuna fi nusrati awliya'ihi
did their bests for supporting His disciples,

ٱلذَّابُّونَ عَنْ أَحِبَّائِهِ
aldhdhabbuna `an ahibba'ihi
and defended His intimate ones.

فَجَزَاكَ ٱللَّهُ أَفْضَلَ ٱلجَزَاءِ
fajazaka allahu afdala aljaza'i
So, Allah may reward you the best,

وَأَكْثَرَ ٱلجَزَاءِ
wa akthara aljaza'i
the maximum,

وَأَوْفَرَ ٱلجَزَاءِ
wa awfara aljaza'i
the most abundant,

وَأَوْفَىٰ جَزَاءِ أَحَدٍ مِمَّنْ وَفَىٰ بِبَيْعَتِهِ
wa awfa jaza'i ahadin mimman wa fa bibay`atihi
and the most conclusive reward that He may give to any one who fulfills his homage,

وَٱسْتَجَابَ لَهُ دَعْوَتَهُ
wastajaba lahu da`watahu
answers the call (of the religion),

وَأَطَاعَ وُلاةَ أَمْرِهِ
wa ata`a wulata amrihi
and obeys his (divinely elected) leaders.

أَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ قَدْ بَالَغْتَ فِي ٱلنَّصِيحَةِ
ashhadu annaka qad balaghta fi alnnasihati
I testify that you acted extremely sincerely

وَأَعْطَيْتَ غَايَةَ ٱلمَجْهُودِ
wa a`tayta ghayata almajhudi
and exerted all your efforts (in this regard).

فَبَعَثَكَ ٱللَّهُ فِي ٱلشُّهَدَاءِ
faba`athaka allahu fi alshshuhada'i
Allah may attach you to the martyrs,

وَجَعَلَ رُوحَكَ مَعَ أَرْوَاحِ ٱلسُّعَدَاءِ
wa ja`ala ruhaka ma`a arwahi alssu`ada'i
add your soul to the souls of the happy ones,

وَأَعْطَاكَ مِنْ جِنَانِهِ أَفْسَحَهَا مَنْزِلاً
wa a`taka min jinanihi afsahaha manzilan
give you the largest abode in His Paradise

وَأَفْضَلَهَا غُرَفاً
wa afdalaha ghurafan
and the most handsome room,

وَرَفَعَ ذِكْرَكَ فِي عِلِّيِّينَ
wa rafa`a dhikraka fi `illiyyina
exalt your mention in `Illiyyin (the most elevated position),

وَحَشَرَكَ مَعَ ٱلنَّبِيِّينَ وَٱلصِّدِّيقِينَ
wa hasharaka ma`a alnnabiyyina walssiddiqina
and join you to the Prophets, the veracious ones,

وَٱلشُّهَدَاءِ وَٱلصَّالِحِينَ
walshshuhada'i walssalihina
the martyrs, and the righteous ones.

وَحَسُنَ أُوْلٰئِكَ رَفِيقاً
wa hasuna ula'ika rafiqan
Very excellent is the companionship of such ones.

أَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ لَمْ تَهِنْ وَلَمْ تَنْكُلْ
ashhadu annaka lam tahin wa lam tankul
I testify that you did not lag behind and did not turn away the face,

وَأَنَّكَ مَضَيْتَ عَلَىٰ بَصِيرَةٍ مِنْ أَمْرِكَ
wa annaka madayta `ala basiratin min amrika
and that you left this life with full awareness of the truth,

مُقْتَدِياً بِٱلصَّالِحِينَ
muqtadiyan bilssalihina
following the examples of the righteous ones

وَمُتَّبِعاً لِلنَّبِيِّينَ
wa muttabi`an lilnnabiyyina
and sticking to the Prophets.

فَجَمَعَ ٱللَّهُ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَكَ
fajama`a allahu baynana wa baynaka
So, Allah may gather us with you,

وَبَيْنَ رَسُولِهِ وَأَوْلِيَائِهِ
wa bayna rasulihi wa awliya'ihi
with His Messenger, and with His disciples

فِي مَنَازِلِ ٱلمُخْبِتِينَ
fi manazili almukhbitina
in the abodes of those who practiced humbly (with their Lord).

فَإِنَّهُ أَرْحَمُ ٱلرَّاحِمِينَ
fa'innahu arhamu alrrahimina
He is certainly the most merciful of all the merciful ones.

It is expedient to say this form of ziyarah while standing behind the holy tomb and facing the kiblah direction, as is also advised by Shaykh al-Tusi in his book of Tahdhib al-Ahkam. You may then enter, throw yourself on the tomb, and say the following words while facing the kiblah direction:
السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا ٱلعَبْدُ ٱلصَّالِحُ
alssalamu `alaykha ayyuha al`abdu alssalihu
Peace be upon you, O righteous servant (of Allah).


According to the previously mentioned narration, the ziyarah of al-`Abbas ends here. But Sayyid Ibn Tawus and Shaykh al-Mufid, as well as other scholars, have added the following: You may then turn to the side of the head and offer a two-unit prayer.
Afterwards, you may offer prayers as many as you wish. You may also supplicate Almighty Allah earnestly. After these prayers, you may say the following supplicatory prayer:
اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ
allahumma salli `ala muhammadin wa ali muhammadin
O Allah, (please) send blessings upon Muhammad and the Household of Muhammad

وَلا تَدَعْ لِي فِي هٰذَا ٱلمَكَانِ ٱلمُكَرَّمِ وَٱلمَشْهَدِ ٱلمُعَظَّمِ ذَنْباً إِلاَّ غَفَرْتَهُ
wa la tada` li fi hadha almakani almukarrami walmashhadi almu`azzami dhanban illa ghafartahu
and do not leave for me, in this honored place and glorified shrine, any sin that I did but that You forgive it,

وَلا هَمّاً إِلاَّ فَرَّجْتَهُ
wa la hamman illa farrjtahu
any care but that You relieve it,

وَلا مَرَضاً إِلاَّ شَفَيْتَهُ
wa la maradan illa shafaytahu
any illness but that You cure it,

وَلا عَيْباً إِلاَّ سَتَرْتَهُ
wa la `ayban illa satartahu
any defect buth that You cover up,

وَلا رِزْقاً إِلاَّ بَسَطْتَهُ
wa la rizqan illa basattahu
any source of sustenance but that You expand it,

وَلا خَوْفاً إِلاَّ آمَنْتَهُ
wa la khawfan illa amantahu
any item of terror but that You pacify it,

وَلا شَمْلاً إِلاَّ جَمَعْتَهُ
wa la shamlan illa jama`tahu
any disunity but that You reunify it,

وَلا غَائِباً إِلاَّ حَفِظْتَهُ وَأَدْنَيْتَهُ
wa la gha'iban illa hafiztahu wa adnaytahu
any absent one but that You guard it and approach (him to me),

وَلا حَاجَةً مِنْ حَوَائِجِ ٱلدُّنْيَا وَٱلآخِرَةِ
wa la hajatan min hawa'iji alddunya wal-akhirati
and any single need, among the many needs for this life as well as the life to come

لَكَ فِيهَا رِضَىٰ وَلِيَ فِيهَا صَلاحٌ
laka fiha ridan wa liya fiha salahun
whose settlement achieves your gratification and my good,

إِلاَّ قَضَيْتَهَا يَا أَرْحَمَ ٱلرَّاحِمِينَ
illa qadaytaha ya arhama alrrahimina
but that You grant it. O He Who is the most merciful of all the merciful ones!

You may then return to the tomb, stop at the side of the legs, and say the following words:
السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَبَاَ ٱلفَضْلِ ٱلعَبَّاسَ بْنَ أَمِيرِ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ
alssalamu `alayka ya aba alfadli al`abbasa ibna amiri almu'minina
Peace be upon you, O Abu’l-Fadl al-`Abbas the son of the Commander of the Faithful.

السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ سَيِّدِ ٱلْوَصِيِّينَ
alssalamu `alayka yabna sayyidi alwasiyyina
Peace be upon you, O son of the chief of the successors (of the Prophets).

السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ أَوَّلِ ٱلْقَوْمِ إِسْلاَماً
alssalamu `alayka yabna awwali alqawmi islaman
Peace be upon you, O son of the foremost to Islam,

وَأَقْدَمِهِمْ إِيـمَاناً
wa aqdamihim imanan
the first to believe,

وَأَقْوَمِهِمْ بِدِينِ ٱللَّهِ
wa aqwamihim bidini allahi
the best to have served the religion of Allah,

وَأَحْوَطِهِمْ عَلَىٰ ٱلإِسْلاَمِ
wa ahwatihim `ala al-islami
and the most careful for Islam.

أَشْهَدُ لَقَدْ نَصَحْتَ لِلَّهِ وَلِرَسُولِهِ وَلأَخِيكَ
ashhadu laqad nasahta lillahi wa lirasulihi wa li'akhika
I bear witness that you served Allah, His Messenger, and your brother sincerely.

فَنِعْمَ ٱلأَخُ ٱلْمُوَاسِي
fani`ma al-akhu almuwasi
You were the most excellent self-sacrificing brother.

فَلَعَنَ ٱللَّهُ أُمَّةً قَتَلَتْكَ
fala`ana allahu ummatan qatalatka
So, Allah’s curse be on the group who killed you.

وَلَعَنَ ٱللَّهُ أُمَّةً ظَلَمَتْكَ
wa la`ana allahu ummatan zalamatka
Allah’s curse be on the group who wronged you.

وَلَعَنَ ٱللَّهُ أُمَّةً ٱسْتَحَلَّتْ مِنْكَ ٱلْمَحَارِمَ
wa la`ana allahu ummatan istahallat minka almaharima
Allah’s curse be on the group who violated your sanctities

وَٱنْتَهَكَتْ حُرْمَةَ ٱلإِسْلاَمِ
wantahakat hurmata al-islami
and infringed the sanctity of Islam.

فَنِعْمَ ٱلصَّابِرُ ٱلْمُجَاهِدُ
fani`ma alssabiru almujahidu
You were the most excellent steadfast fighter,

ٱلْمُحَامِي ٱلنَّاصِرُ
almuhami alnnasiru
protector, supporter,

وَٱلأَخُ ٱلدَّافِعُ عَنْ أَخِيهِ
wal-akhu alddafi`u `an akhihi
and brother who defended his brother,

ٱلْمُجِيبُ إِلَىٰ طَاعَةِ رَبِّهِ
almujibu ila ta`ati rabbihi
responded to the obedience to his Lord,

ٱلرَّاغِبُ فِيمَا زَهِدَ فِيهِ غَيْرُهُ مِنَ ٱلثَّوَابِ ٱلْجَزِيلِ
alrraghibu fima zahida fihi ghayruhu min alththwabi aljazili
and worked desirably for gaining the abundant reward, which others refused,

وَٱلثَّنَاءِ ٱلْجَمِيلِ
walththna'i aljamili
and the nice tribute.

وَأَلْحَقَكَ ٱللَّهُ بِدَرَجَةِ آبَائِكَ فِي جَنَّاتِ ٱلنَّعِيمِ
wa alhaqaka allahu bidarajati aba'ika fi jannati alnna`imi
So, Allah may attach you to the rank of your fathers in the gardens of bliss.

اَللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي تَعَرَّضْتُ لِزِيَارَةِ أَوْلِيَائِكَ رَغْبَةً فِي ثَوَابِكَ
allahumma inni ta`arradtu liziyarati awliya'ika raghbatan fi thawabika
O Allah, I have done the pilgrimage to Your disciples out of my desire for (winning) your reward

وَرَجَاءً لِمَغْفِرَتِكَ وَجَزِيلِ إِحْسَانِكَ
wa raja'an limaghfiratika wa jazili ihsanika
and my wish for Your forgiveness and Your abundant benevolence.

فَأَسْأَلُكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِهِ ٱلطَّاهِرِينَ
fa's'aluka an tusalliya `ala muhammadin wa alihi alttahirina
So, I implore You to send Your blessings upon Muhammad and his immaculate Household

وَأَنْ تَجْعَلَ رِزْقِي بِهِمْ دَارّاً
wa an taj`ala rizqi bihim darran
and to make my sustenance flow copiously in their names,

وَعَيْشِي بِهِمْ قَارّاً
wa `ayshi bihim qarran
my living delightful in their names,

وَزِيَارَتِي بِهِمْ مَقْبُولَةً
wa ziyarati bihim maqbulatan
my pilgrimage rewardable in their names,

وَحَيَاتِي بِهِمْ طَيِّبَةً
wa hayati bihim tayyibatan
and my life pleasant in their names,

وَأَدْرِجْنِي إِدْرَاجَ ٱلْمُكْرَمِينَ
wa adrijni idraja almukramina
to make me take to the conduct of the honored ones,

وَٱجْعَلْنِي مِمَّنْ يَنْقَلِبُ مِنْ زِيَارَةِ مَشَاهِدِ أَحِبَّائِكَ
waj`alni mimman yanqalibu min ziyarati mashahidi ahibba'ika
to make me one of those who, as returning from the pilgrimage to the tombs of Your beloved ones,

مُفْلِحاً مُنْجِحاً
muflihan munjihan
win success and prosperity

قَدِ ٱسْتَوْجَبَ غُفْرَانَ ٱلذُّنُوبِ
qad istawjaba ghufrana aldhdhunubi
and deserve forgiveness of sins,

وَسَتْرَ ٱلْعُيُوبِ
wa satra al`uyubi
covering up of defects,

وَكَشْفَ ٱلْكُرُوبِ
wa kashfa alkurubi
and relief of disasters.

إِنَّكَ أَهْلُ ٱلتَّقْوَىٰ وَأَهْلُ ٱلْمَغْفِرَةِ
innaka ahlu alttaqwa wa ahlu almaghfirati
You are surely worthy of being feared and worthy of forgiving.



If you intend to take leave, you may approach the holy tomb and say the following words, which has been reported from Abu-Hamzah al-Thumali and have been mentioned by other scholars:
أَسْتَوْدِعُكَ ٱللَّهَ وَأَسْتَرْعِيكَ
astawdi`uka allaha wa astar`ika
I entrust you with Allah, beseech Him to keep you under His guard,

وَأَقْرَأُ عَلَيْكَ ٱلسَّلاَمَ
wa aqra'u `alayka alssalama
and invoke peace upon you.

آمَنَّا بِٱللَّهِ وَبِرَسُولِهِ وَبِكِتَابِهِ
amanna billahi wa birasulihi wa bikitabihi
We have believed in Allah, in His Messenger, in His Book,

وَبِمَا جَاءَ بِهِ مِنْ عِنْدِ ٱللَّهِ
wa bima ja'a bihi min `indi allahi
and in that which he conveyed from Allah.

اَللَّهُمَّ فَٱكْتُبْنَا مَعَ ٱلشَّاهِدِينَ
allahumma faktubna ma`a alshshahidina
O Allah, record our names with the witnesses.

اَللَّهُمَّ لا تَجْعَلْهُ آخِرَ ٱلعَهْدِ مِنْ زِيَارَتِي قَبْرَ ٱبْنِ أَخِي رَسُولِكَ
allahumma la taj`alhu akhira al`ahdi min ziyarati qabra ibni akhi rasulika
O Allah, do not decide this pilgrimage to the tomb of the son of Your Messenger’s brother to be the last one of mine.

صَلَّىٰ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ
salla allahu `alayhi wa alihi
Peace be upon him (i.e. the Messenger) and upon his Household.

وَٱرْزُقْنِي زِيَارَتَهُ أَبَداً مَا أَبْقَيْتَنِي
warzuqni ziyaratahu abadan ma abqaytani
Grant me opportunities to visit him so long as You keep me alive,

وَٱحْشُرْنِي مَعَهُ وَمَعَ آبَائِهِ فِي ٱلْجِنَانِ
wahshurni ma`ahu wa ma`a aba'ihi fi aljinani
join me to him and to his fathers in the gardens of Paradise,

وَعَرِّفْ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ رَسُولِكَ وَأَوْلِيَائِكَ
wa `arrif bayni wa baynahu wa bayna rasulika wa awliya'ika
and introduce me to him, to Your Messenger, and to Your disciples.

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ
allahumma salli `ala muhammadin wa ali muhammadin
O Allah, send Your blessings to Muhammad and the Household of Muhammad

وَتَوَفَّنِي عَلَىٰ ٱلإِيـمَانِ بِكَ
wa tawaffani `ala al'imani bika
and take me to You while I am abiding by the believing in You,

وَٱلتَّصْدِيقِ بِرَسُولِكَ
walttasdiqi birasulika
giving credence to Your Messenger,

وَٱلوِلاَيَةِ لِعَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ وَٱلأَئِمَّةِ مِنْ وُلْدِهِ
walwilayati li`aliyyi bni abi talibin wal-a'immati min wuldihi
being faithful to `Ali the son of Abu-Talib and the Imams from his progeny,

وَٱلْبَرَاءَةِ مِنْ عَدُوِّهِمْ
walbara'ati min `aduwwihim
and disavowing their enemy.

فَإِنِّي قَدْ رَضِيتُ يَا رَبِّي بِذٰلِكَ
fa'inni qad raditu ya rabbi bidhalika
My Lord, I have accepted such.

وَصَلَّىٰ ٱللَّهُ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ
wa salla allahu `ala muhammadin wa ali muhammadin
Allah may send blessings upon Muhammad and the Household of Muhammad.

You may then pray Almighty Allah for yourself, your parents, your brethren-in-faith, and for Muslims. You may choose any statement of supplication you like.
Feats and Position of Al-`Abbas
Imam al-Sajjad, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, is reported to have said, “May Allah have mercy upon al-`Abbas. He preferred his brother to himself and sacrificed himself for him until his two hands were severed. So, Almighty Allah shall give him as compensation two wings to fly with the angels in Paradise in the same way as He shall do to Ja`far ibn Abi-Talib. Verily, al-`Abbas shall enjoy such a supreme position with Almighty Allah due to which all martyrs will hope to have its like on the Resurrection Day.”
It has been also reported that al-`Abbas, peace be upon him, was thirty-four years old when he was martyred. His mother, Ummu’l-Banin, used to go out to the al-Baqi` Cemetery to elegize, weep, and mourn for al-`Abbas and his brothers. Whoever passed be her would not be able to stop weeping for her mournful style.
Actually, it is not strange to find a loyalist (to the Ahl al-Bayt) weeping for al-`Abbas when he listened to the mournful words of Lady Ummu’l-Banin, because even Marwan ibn al-Hakam, the bitterest enemy of the Ahl al-Bayt, could not help weeping when he heard the mournful words of this lady. Elegizing al-`Abbas and her other sons, Ummu’l-Banin composed the following poetic verses:
يَا مَنْ رَآىٰ ٱلْعَبَّاسَ كَرَّ
O he who saw al-`Abbas attacking the groups of the sheep-like enemies,
عَلَىٰ جَمَاهِيرِ ٱلنَّقَدْ
followed by the sons of Haydar, who were as courageous as lions.
وَوَرَاهُ مِنْ أَبْنَاءِ حَيْـ
I have been told that my son was stricken on the head and had his hand cut!
ـدَرَ كُلُّ لَيْثٍ ذِي لَبَدْ
Woe me for my young lion! Did the stroke of the iron post bow his head?
أُنْبِئْتُ أَنَّ ٱبْنِي أُصيـ
Had his sword been in his hand, none could have ever approached him.
ـبَ بِرَأْسِهِ مَقْطُوعَ يَدْ وَيْلِي عَلَىٰ شِبْلي أَمَا لَ بِرَأْسِهِ ضَرْبُ ٱلْعَمَدْ لَوْ كانَ سَيْفُكَ فِي يَدَيْـ ـكَ لَما دَنا مِنْهُ أَحَدْ
She also composed the following verses:
لاَ تَدْعُوَنِّي وَيْكِ أُمَّ ٱلْبَنينْ
Do not call me Ummu’l-Banin (Mother of the sons).
تُذَكِّرِينِي بِلُيُوثِ ٱلْعَرِينْ
You will remind me of the lions of the lair.
كَانَتْ بَنُونَ لِيَ أُدْعَىٰ بِهِمْ
I had sons by whom I was called,
وَٱلْيَوْمَ أَصْبَحْتُ وَلاَ مِنْ بَنِينْ
but today, I have no single son!
أَرْبَعَةٌ مِثْلُ نُسُورِ ٱلرُّبَىٰ
They were four; like eagles on heights.
قَدْ واصَلُوٱ ٱلْمَوْتَ بِقَطْعِ ٱلْوَتِينْ
They faced death by having their aorta cut off.
تَنازَعَ ٱلْخِرْصانُ أَشْلاَءَهُمْ
The ravenous lances crowded on their bodies.
فَكُلُّهُمْ أَمْسَىٰ صَريعاً طَعِينْ
So, all of them were pierced and stabbed.
يَا لَيْتَ شِعْرِي أَكَمَا أَخْبَرُوٱ
Great is my distress! Is it true what they have told
بِأَنَّ عَبَّاساً قَطِيعُ ٱلْيَمِينْ
that `Abbas’s right hand was severed?




Salat - Duas- Salwaat after Ziarat at the shrine
from Etiquettes
Salwaat Imam Ali(as)/Lady Fatima(sa)
Dua at shrine
Salwaat on Imam
Farewell

Offer a two-unit prayer Among the other recommended acts in Imam al-Husayn’s holy shrine is to offer a two-unit prayer at the side of the head, reciting Surah al-Fatihah and Surah al-Rahman in the first unit and Surah al-Fatihah and Surah al-Mulk (No. 76) in the second.
On the word of Sayyid Ibn Tawus, one who offers this prayer will be granted the reward of having performed an admitted and acceptable ritual pilgrimage (hajj) with the Holy Prophet (s) for twenty times.
Eleventh:Salwaat on Imam Ali (as) and Lady Fatima (sa)
Abu-Sa`id al-Mada'ini is reported to have said that he, once, came to Imam al-Sadiq ('a) and asked, “May I go for visiting the tomb of al-Husayn?” The Imam ('a) answered, “Yes, you may. Go for visiting the tomb of al-Husayn the son of Allah’s Messenger, the most immaculate of all the immaculate ones, the most infallible of all the infallible ones, and the most munificent of all those who act munificently. After you visit him, you may repeat the glorification words of the Commander of the Faithful (Amir al-Mu'minin) one thousand times while you are at the head’s side and repeat the glorification words of the Luminous Lady (i.e. al-Zahra') one thousand time while you are at the legs’ side. You may then offer a two-unit prayer reciting Surah Yasin (No. 36) and Surah al-Rahman (No. 55) in that prayer. If you do so, you will earn a great reward.” When the reporter asked the Imam ('a) to teach him the glorification words of the Commander of the Faithful and those of the Luminous Lady, the Imam said: The glorification words of (Imam) `Ali are the following:
سُبْحَانَ ٱلَّذِي لاَ تَنْفَدُ خَزَائِنُهُ
subhana alladhi la tanfadu khaza'inuhu
Glory be to Him Whose reserves never run out.

سُبْحَانَ ٱلَّذِي لاَ تَبِيدُ مَعَالِمُهُ
subhana alladhi la tabidu ma`alimuhu
Glory be to Him Whose signs are never exterminated.

سُبْحَانَ ٱلَّذِي لاَ يَفْنَىٰ مَا عِنْدَهُ
subhana alladhi la yafna ma `indahu
Glory be to Him Whose possessions never expire.

سُبْحَانَ ٱلَّذِي لاَ يُشْرِكُ احَداً فِي حُكْمِهِ
subhana alladhi la yushriku ahadan fi hukmihi
Glory be to Him Who never betakes to Himself a partner in His judgments.

سُبْحَانَ ٱلَّذِي لاَ ٱضْمِحْلاَلَ لِفَخْرِهِ
subhana alladhi la idmihlala lifakhrihi
Glory be to Him Whose honor never vanishes.

سُبحَانَ ٱلَّذِي لاَ ٱنْقِطَاعَ لِمُدَّتِهِ
subhana alladhi la inqita`a limuddatihi
Glory be to Him Whose duration (of existence) is never interrupted.

سُبْحَانَ ٱلَّذِي لاَ إِلٰهَ غَيْرُهُ
subhana alladhi la ilaha ghayruhu
Glory be to Him save Whom there is no god.


The glorification words of Fatimah (`a) are the following:
سُبْحَانَ ذِي ٱلْجَلاَلِ ٱلْبَاذِخِ ٱلْعَظِيمِ
dhi aljalali albadhikhi al`azeem
Glory be to the Lord of majesty and exalted great

سُبْحَانَ ذِي ٱلْعِزِّ ٱلشَّامِخِ ٱلْمُنِيفِ
dhi al`izzi alshshamikhi almunif
Glory be to the Lord of honor and sublime author

سُبْحَانَ ذِي ٱلْمُلْكِ ٱلْفَاخِرِ ٱلْقَدِيمِ
dhi almulki alfakhiri alqad
Glory be to the Lord of eternal, splendid sovereign

سُبْحَانَ ذِي ٱلْبَهْجَةِ وَٱلْجَمَالِ
dhi albahjati waljamal
Glory be to the Lord of splendor and beauty

سُبْحَانَ مَنْ تَرَدَّىٰ بِٱلنُّورِ وَٱلْوَقَارِ
man taradda bilnnuri walwaqar
Glory be to Him Who is clad in light and dignity

سُبحَانَ مَنْ يَرَىٰ اثَرَ ٱلَّنمْلِ فِي ٱلصَّفَا
man yara athara alnnamli fi alssfa
Glory be to Him Who makes out the footprints of the ant on the

وَوَقْعَ ٱلطَّيْرِ فِي ٱلْهَوَاءِ
a alttayri fi alhawa
and (the exact time and place of) the bird dipping down through the


Recite 3 Duas below

Thirteenth: Dua at Shrine
Be it known to you that the most important act in the pure shrine of Imam al-Husayn ('a) is to pray Almighty Allah, because granting of requests under the supreme dome of his shrine is one of the distinctive returns that Almighty Allah has exclusively given to Imam al-Husayn ('a) as one compensation for his martyrdom. Seizing this opportunity, a pilgrim is advised not to show any shortcoming in entreating Almighty Allah, turning to Him, repenting before Him, and providing one’s needs to Him. Through the numerous forms of ziyarah that are said during visiting Imam al-Husayn’s tomb, many supplicatory prayers, holding high meanings, have been mentioned to be said there. However, briefness has not allowed us to cite all these supplicatory prayers here. It is most advisable to say the supplications of al-Sahifah al-Sajjadiyyah, because they are the most preferable.
However, in order to avoid making this part of the book free of any supplicatory prayer, let us cite the following one, which is required to be said while raising one’s hands towards the sky:
اَللَّهُمَّ قَدْ تَرَىٰ مَكَانِي
allahumma qad tara makani
O Allah, You do see my place,

وَتَسْمَعُ كَلاَمِي
wa tasma`u kalami
hear my words,

وَتَرَىٰ مَقَامِي وَتَضَرُّعِي
wa tara maqami wa tadarru`i
and see you situation, imploration,

وَمَلاَذِي بِقَبْرِ حُجَّتِكَ وَٱبْنِ نَبِيِّكَ
wa maladhi biqabri hujjatika wabni nabiyyika
and seeking shelter with the tomb of Your Argument and Your Prophet’s son.

وَقَدْ عَلِمْتَ يَا سَيِّدِي حَوَائِجِي
wa qad `alimta ya sayyidi hawa'iji
You, O my Master, have already known my needs

وَلاَ يَخْفَىٰ عَلَيْكَ حَالِي
wa la yakhfa `alayka hali
and none of my manners can be hidden from You.

وَقَدْ تَوَجَّهْتُ إِلَيْكَ بِٱبْنِ رَسُولِكَ
wa qad tawajjahtu ilayka bibni rasulika
I am now turning my face towards You in the name of Your Prophet’s son,

وَحُجَّتِكَ وَامِينِكَ
wa hujjatika wa aminika
You Argument, and Your trustee.

وَقَدْ اتَيْتُكَ مُتَقَرِّباً بِهِ إِلَيْكَ وَإِلىٰ رَسُولِكَ
wa qad ataytuka mutaqarriban bihi ilayka wa ila rasulika
I have come to You seeking nearness to You in his name and in the name of Your Messenger.

فَٱجْعَلْنِي بِهِ عِنْدَكَ وَجِيهاً
faj`alni bihi `indaka wajihan
So, (please), in his name, make me worthy of regard with You

فِي ٱلدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ وَمِنَ ٱلْمُقَرَّبِينَ
fi alddunya wal-akhirati wa min almuqarrabina
in this world and in the Hereafter and (make me) of those drawn near to You.

وَاعْطِنِي بِزِيَارَتِي امَلِي
wa a`tini biziyarati amali
And grant me, due to this visit of mine, what I hope,

وَهَبْ لِي مُنَايَ
wa hab li munaya
endue me with my wish,

وَتَفَضَّلْ عَلَيَّ بِشَهْوَتِي وَرَغْبَتِي
wa tafaddal `alayya bishahwati wa raghbati
favor me with my desire and aspiration,

وَٱقْضِ لِي حَوَائِجِي
waqdi li hawa'iji
settle for me my needs,

وَلاَ تَرُدَّنِي خَائِباً
wa la taruddani kha'iban
do not reject me with disappointment,

وَلاَ تَقْطَعْ رَجَائِي
wa la taqta` raja'i
do not cut off my hope (in You),

وَلاَ تُخَيِّبْ دُعَائِي
wa la tukhayyib du`a'i
do not let down my prayer,

وَعَرِّفْنِي ٱلإِجَابَةِ فِي جَمِيعِ مَا دَعَوْتُكَ
wa `arrifni al-ijabata fi jami`i ma da`awtuka
show me proofs of Your response to all that which I prayed You for,

مِنْ امْرِ ٱلدِّينِ وَٱلدُّنْيَا وَٱلآخِرَةِ
min amri alddini walddnya wal-akhirati
including the affairs of my religion, worldly life, and the Hereafter,

وَٱجْعَلْنِي مِنْ عِبَادِكَ
waj`alni min `ibadika
include me with Your servants

ٱلَّذِينَ صَرَفْتَ عَنْهُمُ ٱلْبَلاَيَا وَٱلامْرَاضَ
alladhina sarafta `anhum albalaya wal-amrada
from whom You have warded off misfortunes, diseases,

وَٱلْفِتَنَ وَٱلاعْرَاضَ
walfitana wal-a`rada
seditious matters, and calamities;

مِنَ ٱلذِّينَ تُحْيِيهِمْ فِي عَافِيَةٍٍ
min alladhina tuhyihim fi `afiyatin
those whom You make live in wellbeing,

وَتُميتُهُمْ فِي عَافِيَةٍ
wa tumituhm fi `afiyatin
cause to die in wellbeing,

وَتُدْخِلُهُمُ ٱلْجَنَّةَ فِي عَافِيَةٍ
wa tudkhiluhum aljannata fi `afiyatin
allow to enter Paradise in wellbeing,

وَتُجِيرُهُمْ مِنَ ٱلنَّارِ فِي عَافِيَةٍ
wa tujiruhum min alnnari fi `afiyatin
and save from Hellfire in wellbeing;

وَوَفِّقْ لِي بِمَنٍّ مِنْكَ
wa waffiq li bimannin minka
and, out of Your favor, lead me

صَلاَحَ مَا اؤَمِلَّ فِي نَفْسِي
salaha ma u'ammilu fi nafsi
to the achievement of what I hope for regarding myself,

وَاهْلِي وَوُلْدِي وَإِخْوَانِي وَمَالِي
wa ahli wa wuldi wa ikhwani wa mali
my wife, my sons, my brethren-in-faith, my properties,

وَجَمِيعِ مَا انْعَمْتَ بِهِ عَلَيَّ
wa jami`i ma an`amta bihi `alayya
and whatever bliss You have endowed me;

يَا ارْحَمَ ٱلرَّاحِمينَ
ya arhama alrrahimina
O most merciful of all those who show mercy!




Fifteenth:
Among the recommended acts in the shrine of Imam al-Husayn ('a) is to say the supplicatory prayer of the oppressed against the oppressor. In other words, one who has been exposed to wronging by an oppressor is advised to pray Almighty Allah with this supplicatory prayer in the holy shrine of Imam al-Husayn ('a). This supplicatory prayer, which has been recorded by Shaykh al-Tusi in his book of Misbah al-Mutahajjid to be one of the recommended acts on Fridays, is as follows:
اَللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي اعْتَزُّ بِدِينِكَ
allahumma inni a`tazzu bidinika
O Allah, I obtain my dignity from following Your religion

وَاكْرُمُ بِهِدَايَتِكَ
wa akrumu bihidayatika
and I am honored because of You have guided me,

وَ… يُذِلُّنِي بِشَرِّهِ
wa…anun yudhilluni bisharrihi
but [so-and-so] is humiliating me by his evil,

وَيُهِينُنِي بِاذِيَّتِهِ
wa yuhinuni bi'adhiyyatihi
insulting me by harming me,

وَيُعِيبُنِي بِوَلاَءِ اوْلِيَائِكَ
wa yu`ibuni biwala'i awliya'ika
imputing dishonor to me because I am loyal to Your Representatives,

وَيَبْهَتُنِي بِدَعْوَاهُ
wa yabhatuni bida`wahu
and charging me with false claims.

وَقَدْ جِئْتُ إِلَىٰ مَوْضِعِ ٱلدُّعَاءِ
wa qad ji'tu ila mawdi`i alddu`a'i
I have come to the center of supplication

وَضَمَانِكَ ٱلإِجَابَةَ
wa damanika al-ijabata
and the guarantee of response.

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍٍ
allahumma salli `ala muhammadin wa ali muhammadin
O Allah, (please) send blessings upon Muhammad and his Household

وَاعِدْنِي عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّاعَةَ ٱلسَّاعَةَ
wa a`idni `alayhi alssa`ata alssa`ata
and support me against him at this very hour! At this very hour!

You may then throw yourself on the grave and say,
مَوْلاَيَ إِمَامِي
mawlaya imami
O my master and leader,

مَظْلُومٌ ٱسْتَعْدَىٰ عَلَىٰ ظَالِمِهِ
mazlumun ista`da `ala zalimihi
(I have been) oppressed and (I am) seeking your support against him who has oppressed me.

ٱلنَّصْرَ ٱلنَّصْرَ
alnnasra alnnasra
Grant me support! Grant me support!

The last statement may be repeated as many times as one breath may take.

Sixteenth: Dua at the side of Imam al-Husayn’s head
Among the acts in the holy shrine of Imam al-Husayn (`a) is to say the following supplicatory prayer, which has been reported by Ibn Fahad in his book of `Uddat al-Da`i:
He who wants his request to be granted by Almighty Allah may stop at the side of Imam al-Husayn’s head and say the following words:
يَا ابَا عَبْدِ ٱللَّهِ
ya aba `abdillahi
O Abu-`Abdullah,

اشْهَدُ انَّكَ تَشْهَدُ مَقَامِي
ashhadu annaka tashhadu maqami
I bear witness that you can now see my situation

وَتَسْمَعُ كَلاَمِي
wa tasma`u kalami
and hear my words

وَانَّكَ حَيٌّ عِنْدَ رَبِّكَ تُرْزَقُ
wa annaka hayyun `inda rabbika turzaqu
and that you are alive with Your Lord and you are receiving sustenance from Him.

فَٱسْالْ رَبَّكَ وَرَبِّي فِي قَضَاءِ حَوَائِجِي
fas'al rabbka wa rabbi fi qada'i hawa'iji
So (please) ask your and my Lord to grant me my requests.

He who says this supplication will have his requested granted by Almighty Allah, God willing.

Fourteenth:Salwaat
:Among the rites to be done in the holy shrine of Imam al-Husayn ('a) is to invoke Almighty Allah’s blessings upon him. It is thus reported to stand behind the tomb at the side of the two shoulders and to invoke Almighty Allah’s blessings upon the Holy Prophet (s) and Imam al-Husayn ('a).
In his book of Misbah al-Za'ir, Sayyid Ibn Tawus has reported the following form of invocation of blessings upon Imam al-Husayn ('a) within some forms of ziyarah:
اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ
allahumma salli `ala muhammadin wa ali muhammadin
O Allah, (please) send blessings upon Muhammad and the Household of Muhammad

وَصَلِّ عَلَىٰ ٱلْحُسَيْنِ ٱلْمَظْلُومِ ٱلشَّهِيدِ
wa salli `ala alhusayni almazlumi alshshahidi
and send blessings upon al-Husayn, the wronged, the martyred,

قَتِيلِ ٱلْعَبَرَاتِ وَاسِيرِ ٱلْكُرُبَاتِ
qatili al`abarati wa asiri alkurubati
the victim of shed tears, and the captive of agonies

صَلاَةً نَامِيَةً زَاكِيَةً مُبَارَكَةً
salatan namiyatan zakiyatan mubarakatan
with ever-increasing, pure, and sacred blessings

يَصْعَدُ اوَّلُهَا وَلاَ يَنْفَدُ آخِرُهَا
yas`adu awwaluha wa la yanfadu akhiruha
the first of which ascend and the last of which never run out;

افْضَلَ مَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَىٰ احَدٍ
afdala ma sallayta `ala ahadin
with the best manner that You have ever conferred upon any

مِنْ اوْلاَدِ ٱلانْبِيَاءِ وَٱلْمُرْسَلِينَ
min awladi al-anbya'i walmursalina
of the descendants of the Prophets and Messengers,

يَا رَبَّ ٱلْعَالِمينَ
ya rabba al`alamina
O Lord of the worlds!

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ ٱلإِمَامِ ٱلشَّهِيدِ
allahumma salli `ala al-imami alshshahidi
O Allah, send blessings upon the Imam, the martyr,

ٱلْمَقْتُولِ ٱلْمَظْلُومِ ٱلْمَخْذُولِ
almaqtuli almazlumi almakhdhuli
the slain, the wronged, the disappointed,

وَٱلسَّيِّدِ ٱلْقَائِدِ وَٱلْعَابِدِ ٱلزَّاهِدِ
walssayyidi alqa'idi wal`abidi alzzahidi
the leading master, the worshipper, the abstemious,

وَٱلْوَصِيِّ ٱلْخَلِيفَةِ ٱلإِمَامِ ٱلصِّدِّيقِ
walwasiyyi alkhalifati al-imami alssiddiqi
the successor, the vicegerent, the leader, the veracious,

ٱلطُّهْرِ ٱلطَّاهِرِ ٱلطَّيِّبِ ٱلْمُبَارَكِ
alttuhri alttahiri alttayyibi almubaraki
the pure, the immaculate, the superb, the blessed,

وَٱلرَّضِيِّ ٱلْمَرْضِيِّ وَٱلتَّقِيِّ ٱلْهَادِي ٱلْمَهْدِيِّ
walrradiyyi almardiyyi walttaqiyyi alhadi almahdiyyi
the amiable, the pleased, the pious, the guide, the well-guided,

ٱلزَّاهِدِ ٱلذَّائِدِ ٱلْمُجَاهِدِ ٱلْعَالِمِ
alzzahidi aldhdha'idi almujahidi al`alimi
the abstemious, the defender (of Islam), the striver, the knowledgeable,

إِمَامِ ٱلْهُدَىٰ سِبْطِ ٱلرَّسُولِ وَقُرَّةِ عَيْنِ ٱلْبَتُولِ
imami alhuda sibti alrrasuli wa qurrati `ayni albatuli
the leader of true guidance, the grandson of the Messenger, and the delight of the eye of the Chaste Lady.

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ سَيِّدِي وَمَوْلاَيَ
allahumma salli `ala sayyidi wa mawlaya
O Allah, send blessings upon my master and chief

كَمَا عَمِلَ بِطَاعَتِكَ
kama `amila bita`atika
for he acted obediently to You,

وَنَهَىٰ عَنْ مَعْصِيَتِكَ
wa naha `an ma`siyatika
warned against disobeying You,

وَبَالَغَ فِي رِضْوَانِكَ
wa balagha fi ridwanika
made all efforts to attain Your pleasure,

وَاقْبَلَ عَلَىٰ إِيـمَانِكَ
wa aqbala `ala imanika
warmly received belief in You,

غَيْرَ قَابِل فِيكَ عُذْراً
ghayra qabilin fika `udhran
rejected all excuses against You,

سِرّاً وَعَلاَنِيَةً يَدْعُو ٱلْعِبَادِ إِلَيْكَ
sirran wa `alaniyatan yad`u al`ibada ilayka
called the servants to You secretly and openly,

وَيَدُلُّهُمْ عَلَيْكَ
wa yadullhum `alayka
showed them the way to You,

وَقَامَ بَيْنَ يَدَيْكَ
wa qama bayna yadayka
undertook in obedience to You the mission

يَهْدِمُ ٱلْجَوْرَ بِٱلصَّوَابِ
yahdimu aljawra bilssawabi
of demolishing inequity with rectitude

وَيُحْيِي ٱلسُّنَّةَ بِٱلْكِتَابِ
wa yuhyi alssunnata bilkitabi
and refreshing the traditions in the (light of the) Book.

فَعَاشَ فِي رِضْوَانِكَ مَكْدُوداً
fa`asha fi ridwanika makdudan
So, he lived in fatigue for the sake of Your pleasure

وَمَضَىٰ عَلَىٰ طَاعَتِكَ وَفِي اوْلِيَائِكَ مَكْدُوحاً
wa mada `ala ta`atika wa fi awliya'ika makduhan
and passed away in obedience to You, working hard for the sake of Your Intimate Servants.

وَقَضَىٰ إِلَيْكَ مَفْقُوداً
wa qada ilayka mafqudan
He thus joined You missed (by the believers).

لَمْ يَعْصِكَ فِي لَيْلٍ وَلاَ نَهَارٍ
lam ya`sika fi laylin wa la naharin
He never disobeyed You; neither at night nor in day;

بَلْ جَاهَدَ فِيكَ ٱلْمُنَافِقِينَ وَٱلْكُفَّارَ
bal jahada fika almunafiqina walkuffara
rather, he, for Your sake, strove against the hypocrites and the unbelievers.

اَللَّهُمَّ فَٱجْزِهِ خَيْرَ جَزَاءِ ٱلصَّادِقِينَ ٱلابْرَارِ
allahumma fajzihi khayra jaza'i alssadiqina al-abrari
So, O Allah, (please) award him with the best reward of the veracious and the righteous

وَضَاعِفْ عَلَيْهِمُ ٱلْعَذَابَ وَلِقَاتِلِيهِ ٱلْعِقَابَ
wa da`if `alayhim al`adhaba wa liqatilihi al`iqaba
and multiply the chastisement and the punishment for those who slew him.

فَقَدْ قَاتَلَ كَرِيماً وَقُتِلَ مَظْلُوماً وَمَضَىٰ مَرْحُوماً
faqad qatala kariman wa qutila mazluman wa mada marhuman
Verily, he fought with nobility, was slain wrongly, and passed away enjoying mercy.

يَقُولُ انَا ٱبْنُ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ مُحَمَّدٍ
yaqulu ana ibnu rasuli allahi muhammadin
He said to them, “I am the son of Allah’s Messenger Muhammad

وَٱبْنُ مَنْ زَكَّىٰ وَعَبَدَ
wabnu man zakka wa `abada
and the son of him who gave alms and served Allah.

فَقَتَلُوهُ بِٱلْعَمْدِ ٱلْمُعْتَمَدِ
faqataluhu bil`amdi almu`tamadi
Yet, they slew him clearly intentionally.

قَتَلُوهُ عَلَىٰ ٱلإِيـمَانِ
qataluhu `ala al'imani
They slew him because of his faith;

وَاطَاعُوٱ فِي قَتْلِهِ ٱلشَّيْطَانَ
wa ata`u fi qatlihi alshshaytana
therefore, they obeyed Satan

وَلَمْ يُرَاقِبُوٱ فِيهِ ٱلرَّحْمٰنَ
wa lam yuraqibu fihi alrrahmana
and never cared for the All-beneficent Lord.

اَللَّهُمَّ فَصَلِّ عَلَىٰ سَيِّدِي وَمَوْلاَيَ
allahumma fasalli `ala sayyidi wa mawlaya
So, O Allah, (please) send upon my master and chief

صَلاَةً تَرْفَعُ بِهَا ذِكْرَه
salatan tarfa`u biha dhikrahu
such blessings by which You raise his eminence,

وَتُظْهِرُ بِهَا امْرَهُ
wa tuzhiru biha amrahu
make prevalent his issue,

وَتُعَجِّلُ بِهَا نَصْرَهُ
wa tu`ajjilu biha nasrahu
and hasten his victory.

وَٱخْصُصْهُ بِافْضَلِ قِسَمِ ٱلْفَضَائِلِ يَوْمَ ٱلْقِيَامَةِ
wakhsushu bi'afdali qisami alfada'ili yawma alqiyamati
And (please) endue him on the Resurrection day with the best of Your favors,

وَزِدْهُ شَرَفاً فِي اعَلىٰ عِلِّيِّينَ
wa zid-hu sharafan fi a`la `illiyyina
increase his honor to the highest degree of the Supreme Rank,

وَبَلِّغْهُ اعَلَىٰ شَرَفِ ٱلْمُكَرَّمِينَ
wa ballighhu a`la sharafi almukarramina
take him higher to the highest rank of the honored ones,

وَٱرْفَعْهُ مِنْ شَرَفِ رَحْمَتِكَ
warfa`hu min sharafi rahmatika
raise him in the honor of Your mercy

فِي شَرَفِ ٱلْمُقَرَّبِينَ
fi sharafi almuqarrabina
to the honor of the most favorable ones

فِي ٱلرَّفيعِ ٱلاعَلىٰ
fi alrrafi`i al-a`la
in the Highest Level,

وَبَلِّغْهُ ٱلْوَسِيلَةَ وَٱلْمَنْزِلَةَ ٱلْجَلِيلَةَ
wa ballighhu alwasilata walmanzilata aljalilata
grant him the right of mediation, the loftiest position,

وَٱلْفَضْلَ وَٱلْفَضِيلَةَ
walfadla walfadilata
the superiority, the excellence,

وَٱلْكِرَامَةَ ٱلْجَزِيلَةَ
walkaramata aljazilata
and the abundant privilege.

اَللَّهُمَّ فَٱجْزِهِ عَنَّا افْضَلَ مَا جَازَيْتَ إِمَاماً عَنْ رَعِيَّتِهِ
allahumma fajzihi `anna afdala ma jazayta imaman `an ra`iyyatihi
O Allah, (please) award him on behalf of us with the most excellent reward that You have ever given to a leader on behalf of his subjects

وَصَلِّ عَلَىٰ سَيِّدِي وَمَوْلاَيَ كُلَّمَا ذُكِرَ
wa salli `ala sayyidi wa mawlaya kullama dhukira
and bless my master and chief whenever he is mentioned

وَكُلَّمَا لَمْ يُذْكَرْ
wa kullama lam yudhkar
and whenever he is not.

يَا سَيِّدِي وَمَوْلاَيَ
ya sayyidi wa mawlaya
O my master and chief,

ادْخِلْنِي فِي حِزْبِكَ وَزُمْرَتِكَ
adkhilni fi hizbika wa zumratika
include me with your party and group

وَٱسْتَوْهِبْنِي مِنْ رَبِّكَ وَرَبِّي
wastawhibni min rabbka wa rabbi
and ask my and your Lord to release me as grant from Him to you,

فَإِنَّ لَكَ عِنْدَ ٱللَّهِ جَاهاً وَقَدْراً
fa'inna laka `inda allahi jahan wa qadran
for you verily enjoy a special esteem and value with Allah

وَمَنْزِلَةً رَفيعَةً
wa manzilatan rafi`atan
as well as a lofty standing:

إِنْ سَالْتَ اعْطِيتَ
in sa'alta u`tita
if you ask, He gives you

وَإِنْ شَفَعْتَ شُفِّعْتَ
wa in shafa`ta shuffi`ta
and if you intercede, He admits your intercession.

اللَّهَ اللَّهَ فِي عَبْدِكَ وَمَوْلاَكَ
allaha allaha fi `abdika wa mawlaka
By Allah I ask you to regard me, your slave and servant.

لاََ تُخَلِّنِي عِنْدَ ٱلشَّدَائِدِ وَٱلاهْوَالِ
la tukhallini `inda alshshda'idi wal-ahwali
Do not desert me at the time of ordeals and horrors

لِسُوءِ عَمَلِي وَقَبِيحِ فِعْلِي وَعَظِيمِ جُرْمِي
lisu'i `amali wa qabihi fi`li wa `azimi jurmi
because of my evildoing, misconduct, and enormous offenses.

فَإِنَّكَ امَلِي وَرَجَائِي
fa'innaka amali wa raja'i
You are verily my hope and my wish,

وَثِقَتِي وَمُعْتَمَدِي
wa thiqati wa mu`tamadi
I have confidence in you, I rely upon you,

وَوَسِيلَتِي إِلَىٰ ٱللَّهِ رَبِّي وَرَبِّكَ
wa wasilati ila allahi rabbi wa rabbika
and you are my means to Allah, my and your Lord.

لَمْ يَتَوَسَّلِ ٱلْمُتَوَسِّلُونَ إِلَىٰ ٱللَّهِ
lam yatawassal almutawassiluna ila allahi
No means that has been made to Allah

بِوَسِيلَة هِيَ اعْظَمُ حَقّاً
biwasilatin hiya a`zamu haqqan
is greater in status,

وَلاَ اوْجَبُ حُرْمَةً
wa la awjabu hurmatan
more incumbent in sanctity,

وَلاَ اجَّلُ قَدْراً
wa la ajallu qadran
or loftier in eminence

عِنْدَهُ مِنْكُمْ اهْلَ ٱلْبَيْتِ
`indahu minkum ahla albayti
than yours, the Ahl al-Bayt, in the sight of Allah.

لاََ خَلَّفَنِيَ ٱللَّهُ عَنْكُمْ بِذُنُوبِي
la khallafani allahu `ankum bidhunubi
May Allah never cause me to lag behind you because of my sins

وَجَمَعَنِي وَإِيَّاكُمْ فِي جَنَّةِ عَدْنٍ
wa jama`ani wa iyyakum fi jannati `adnin
and may He join me with you in the perpetual abode of Paradise

ٱلَّتِي اعَدَّهَا لَكُمْ وَلاِوْلِيَائِكُمْ
allati a`addaha lakum wa li'awliya'ikum
that He has prepared for you and your loyalists.

إِنَّهُ خَيْرُ ٱلْغَافِرِينَ وَارْحَمَ ٱلرَّاحِمِينَ
innahu khayru alghafirina wa arhamu alrrahimina
Verily, He is the best of all those who may forgive and the most merciful of all those who show mercy.

اَللَّهُمَّ ابْلِغْ سَيِّدِي وَمَوْلاَيَ
allahumma abligh sayyidi wa mawlaya
O Allah, (please) convey to my master and chief

تَحِيَّةً كَثِيرَةً وَسَلاَماً
tahiyyatan kathiratan wa salaman
abundant greetings and salutations

وَٱرْدُدْ عَلَيْنَا مِنْهُ ٱلسَّلاَمَ
wardud `alayna minhu alssalama
and convey to us his response to our greetings.

إِنَّكَ جَوَادٌ كَرِيمٌ
innaka jawadun karimun
You are verily All-magnanimous and All-generous.

وَصَلِّ عَلَيْهِ كُلَّمَا ذُكِرَ ٱلسَّلاَمُ
wa salli `alayhi kullama dhukira alssalamu
And bless him whenever blessing is mentioned

وَكُلَّمَا لَمْ يُذْكَرْ يَا رَبَّ ٱلْعَالَمِينَ
wa kullama lam yudhkar ya rabba al`alamina
and whenever it is not mentioned, O Lord of the worlds!

Within the recommended acts on the `Ashura' Day, I have cited a form of ziyarah of Imam al-Husayn ('a). At the end of this section, I will mention another invocation of blessings upon the Immaculate Imams ('a), which comprises a brief invocation of blessings upon Imam al-Husayn ('a) exclusively. So, do not miss these invocations.

Twentieth: Farewell ziyarat
Sayyid Ibn Tawus says that it is recommended for those who intend to leave the holy shrine of Imam al-Husayn (`a) after they have accomplished visiting his tomb to throw themselves on the tomb, kiss it, and say the following words:
اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا مَوْلاَيَ
alssalamu `alayka ya mawlaya
Peace be upon you, O my master.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا حُجَّةَ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya hujjata allahi
Peace be upon you, O Allah’s Argument (against His creatures).

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا صِفْوَةَ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya safwata allahi
Peace be upon you, O Allah’s choice.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا خَالِصَةَ ٱللَّهِ
alssalamu `alayka ya khalisata allahi
Peace be upon you, O Allah’s select.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا قَتِيلَ ٱلظَّمَاءِ
alssalamu `alayka ya qatila alzzama'i
Peace be upon you, O victim of thirst.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا غَرِيبَ ٱلْغُرَبَاءِ
alssalamu `alayka ya ghariba alghuraba'i
Peace be upon you, O strangest of all strangers.

اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ سَلاَمَ مُوَدِّع
alssalamu `alayka salama muwaddi`in
Peace be upon you; this is the greeting of one who has to bid farewell to you

لاََ سَئِمٍ وَلاَ قَالٍ
la sa'imin wa la qalin
although he is neither bored with you nor tired of you.

فَإِنْ امْضِ فَلاَ عَنْ مَلاَلَةٍ
fa'in amdi fala `an malalatin
If I leave (you), this is not because of weariness;

وَإِنْ اقِمْ فَلاَ عَنْ سُوءِ ظَنٍّ بِمَا وَعَدَ ٱللَّهُ ٱلصَّابِرِينَ
wa in uqim fala `an su'i zannin bima wa`ada allahu alssabirina
and if I reside, this is not because of mistrusting the promise that Allah has made for the serene ones.

لاََ جَعَلَهُ ٱللَّهُ آخِرَ ٱلْعَهْدِ مِنِّي لِزِيَارَتِكَ
la ja`alahu allahu akhira al`ahdi minni liziyaratika
May Allah not decide this time of my visit to be the last.

وَرَزَقَنِيَ ٱللَّهُ ٱلْعَوْدَ إِلَىٰ مَشْهَدِكَ
wa razaqaniya allahu al`awda ila mashhadika
May He endue me with more chances to return to your shrine,

وَٱلْمَقَامَ بِفَنَائِكَ
walmaqama bifina'ika
to reside in your courtyard,

وَٱلْقِيَامَ فِي حَرَمِكَ
walqiyama fi haramika
and to stay in your sanctuary.

وَإِيَّاهُ اسْالُ انْ يُسْعِدَنِي بِكُمْ
wa iyyahu as'alu an yus`idani bikum
To Him do I pray to make me delightful with you

وَيَجْعَلَنِي مَعَكُمْ فِي ٱلدُّنْيَا وَٱلآخِرَةِ
wa yaj`alani ma`akum fi alddunya wal-akhirati
and to include me with you in this world and in the Hereafter.



PDF- All Ziarat at Shrine
History of Shrine
Shrine 3d Timeline of shrine
PDF booklet 'By the Dawn'
Najaf- Kerbala Walk

Pdf 4 pgs
Martyrs List
Pdfs
Kamil uz ziarat wikipedia
Kamil uz ziarat pdf
Khaimagah (Camp) | Tille Zainab ( ziarat )

Haram Guide


Some books add the following statements after ziarat warith:
fi aljinani ma`a alnnabiyyina walssiddiqina
…in the gardens of Paradise with the Prophets, the veracious,
walshshuhada'i walssalihina
the martyrs, and the righteous;
wa hasuna ula'ika rafiqan
and how excellent is the companionship of these!
alssalamu `ala man kana fi alha'iri minkum
Peace be upon those who are buried with you in this shrine
wa `ala man lam yakun fi alha'iri ma`akum
and upon those who were not buried with you in this shrine..

These surplus statements and their likes are considered excessive,since they have not been mentioned in the reporter traditions; therefore, they are fabrications that have been forged against the traditions of the Holy Imams.
Fabricated Supplications
Our mentor Mirza Husayn al-Nuri al-Tabrasi, in his book (written in Persian) entitled Lu'lu'-va-Murjan, states:
These words, which have been unfoundedly added to this reported tradition, are no more than heresy in the religion and venturing to the words of the Holy Imam ('a), by adding to his words things that he did not say. Moreover, these fabricated words comprise baseless and manifestly fabricated lies. Yet, what is the most astounding is that these words are spread among people so widely that they are repeated thousands of times in the holy shrine of Imam al-Husayn ('a) each day and night in the presence of the honorable angels and in that place, which is frequently visited by the Prophets and Messengers without finding anyone to stop or deny these lies and forgeries. As a result, these fabrications have been recorded in books and published in the collections of supplications and forms of ziyarah by some foolish inexperienced people who chose attracting titles for these books. Widespread among people, these books have been handed over from one foolish to another, causing the problem to be so augmentative that even some seekers of religious studies have been circulating them. I, myself, met with a scholar of religious studies who was visiting the martyrs with these awful words. I thus put my hand on his shoulder gently and said to him, “It is quite awful to find a seeker of religious studies like you reading fabricated words like these in a holy place like this. Is it not?” He answered, “These words are reported from the Imam! Are they not?” Astonished by his question, I answered, “No, they are not?” He said, “I have found these words written in some books.” “Like what?” I asked.
“Like Miftah al-Jinan!” he answered.
In fact, I refrained from answering him, because it was improper to argue with one who is too inattentive and too ignorant to differentiate between collections that have been collected by ordinary people and books of lofty scholars, which are considered reference books for scholars.
The Shaykh then goes on speaking about this matter, saying, The spread of such trivial matters and insignificant heresies, such as the bathing of Uways al-Qirani and Abu’l-Darda' who was a faithful loyalist of Mu`awiyah, the silence fasting, which is to keep silent for a whole day, and the like heresies, which have not found any one to stop or deny—these matters gave ordinary people the green light to challenge and defy the authentic religious texts and instructions. Hence, in each month and each year, we find a new false prophet or imam leading the uneducated people out of the religion in groups! Actually, these words are worthy of ponderation, because they have been said by a lofty scholar who has full acquaintance with the taste and tendencies of the sacred religious code of law along with all its obligatory and recommended decrees. Besides, these words unveil the very much interest of this sublime scholar in this issue and reveal his depression and grief that he suppresses in his heart because of the spread of such heresies. Unlike those who have deprived themselves of the knowledge of the Ahl al-Bayt (`a) and sufficed themselves with familiarity with some terms and words without paying attention to the actual knowledge, this sublime scholar can comprehend the disadvantages and consequences of this issue. Moreover, such individuals who claim knowledgeability have decided the accuracy of such unfounded issues and acted upon them so awfully that they caused the matter to be more complicated and made the publics forsake such reliable reference books like Misbah al-Mutahajjid (by Shaykh al-Tusi), al-Iqbal (by Sayyid Ibn Tawus), Muhaj al-Da`awat (by Shaykh al-Tusi), Jamal al-Usbu` (by Sayyid Ibn Tawus), Misbah al-Za'ir (by Ibn Tawus), al-Balad al-Amin (by al-Kaf`ami), al-Junnah al-Waqiyah (by al-Kaf`ami), Miftah al-Falah (by Shaykh al-Baha'i), al-Miqbas (by al-Mamuqani), Rabi` al-Asabi` (by al-Majlisi), al-Tuhfah (by al-Dahlawi), Zad al-Ma`ad (by al-Majlisi), and the like books to substitute them with such unfounded collections, which are full of forgeries. For instance, in the famous supplicatory prayer known as Du`a' al-Mujir, the word bi`afwika has been added to the supplication seventy times without finding any one to deny or object to this forgery. In the famous supplication of Du`a' al-Jawshan al-Kabir, which comprises one hundred sections, each section is given an individual forged merit.
Although great supplications of supreme significances, eloquent expressions, and articulate words have been authentically reported, we find such collections fabricate an extremely meaningless supplication, called Du`a' al-Hubbi. Moreover, it is falsely claimed that this supplication was drawn down from the peak of the Divine Throne!! The merits that are fabricated for this invented supplication are so astounding that they astonish and confound any one who reads them!! We seek Allah’s protection against so. The following forgery is thus said about this supplication: Archangel Gabriel informed the Prophet Muhammad (s) that Almighty Allah says: I shall never chastise any servant who carries this supplication with him even if that servant deserves Hellfire to be his abode and has spent his entire lifetime disobeying Me and has never prostrated himself even one time before Me!! I thus grant him the reward of seventy thousand prophets, seventy thousand religious individuals, seventy thousand martyrs, seventy thousand watchful performers of prayers, those who give clothes to seventy thousand ones who could not find anything to put on, and those who fed seventy thousand hungry individuals!! I shall also grant him excellent merits as many as the number of the pebbles in deserts!! I shall grant him the reward of seventy thousand areas on the earth, the reward of Muhammad the Seal of Prophets, the reward of Jesus the Spirit of Allah, the reward of Abraham the Intimate Friend of Allah, the reward of Ishmael the slaughtered for Allah’s sake, the reward of Moses the Spoken by Allah, the reward of Jacob the Prophet of Allah, the reward of Adam the well-chosen by Allah, and the reward of (the Archangels) Gabriel, Michael, Seraph, `Izra'ili and the other angels!! O Muhammad, as for any one who prays Me with this supplication or carries it with him, I shall forgive him and I am too reticent to punish him... etc.!! Actually, instead of laughing at such funny and nonsensical fabrications, we must weep for the books and writings of the Shi`ite scholars—these precious books and writings, which have attained the climax in accuracy, correctness, and proficiency because they were in most cases copied by experienced and religious individuals who used to compare their copies with other copies handwritten by scholars and revised by experts. Hence, whenever a difference is found, they would refer to these differences in margins. For instance, the copier of the famous supplication of Makarim al-Akhlaq comments on the phrase wa-balligh bi'imani in a footnote that the copy of Ibn Ashnas has mentioned this phrase in this form: wa abligh bi'imani, and the copy of Ibn Shadhan has mentioned this phrase in this form: allahumma abligh bi'imani. Hence, we find footnotes in such revised books mentioning that Ibn Sakun has written the phrase in such-and-such form while al-Shahid has mentioned it in such-and-such form... etc. This is the supreme rank in accuracy and proficiency that the books of Shi`ite scholars used to enjoy and this is the supreme efforts in revision and correctness that they used to do to their works. Unfortunately, we find that such accurate books have been abandoned and substituted with books like Miftah al-Jinan, which has been already mentioned, to be the one and only book widely circulated among people and referred to by ordinary and elite people and Arabs and non-Arabs! This is because the experienced and religious people have no longer paid attention to the traditions and reports and have no longer referred to the books written by the scholars and jurisprudents of the Ahl al-Bayt School. Moreover, they have no longer denied such innovative and unfounded additions and they have no longer refuted the forgeries of fabricators and fakers and the distortions of the ignorant ones. They have no longer stopped the unqualified people and the foolish from interfering in these issues until we have had to come upon false supplications that were forged according to personal tastes and fake forms of ziyarah and prayers that were published in a collection of fabricated supplications. The result has been that many books like Miftah al-Jinan sprouted up! As the problem proliferated, fabrication and distortion have spread out to creep into other books and writings. For example, the newly Persian book of Muntaha al-ªmal has been messed up by its author according to his own personal inclinations and notions. Hence, in two lines of the book, the author has foisted the word alhamdu-lillahi (All praise be to Allah) four times into an authentically reported tradition, as follows: As for Malik ibn Yusr the accursed, his two hands were paralyzed due to Imam al-Husayn’s invocation of curse on him. All praise be to Allah. In Summer, his two hands would be like two dried up woods. All praise be to Allah. In Winter, blood would fall in drops from his two hands. All praise be to Allah. So, the end of his affair was perdition. All praise be to Allah. On other occasion, the author foisted the Persian word khanum (lady) after the names of Lady Zaynab and Lady Ummu-Kulthum as a sign of reverence and respect for these two ladies. Because the author disagreed with Hamid ibn Qahtabah, he distorted his name into Hamid ibn Qahbah; yet, he mentioned as footnote that some copies had written the name of this man as Hamid ibn Qahtabah. Moreover, the author wrote the name `Abdullah instead of `Abd-Rabbih, and the name Zajar ibn al-Qays instead of Zahar wherever he would mention him in the book. Even the name of Ummu-Salamah, he wrote it as Ummul-Salamah!
However, my purpose behind mentioning these examples is to highlight the following two facts: First: It is noticeable that this author made all these distortions and baseless additions because he followed his own opinion and taste, intending to cover up the imperfection of the book. Yet, he believed that such imperfection cannot be removed unless distortions are added to it. We may compare this idea to the additions, changes, and alterations that we may add to some supplications and forms of ziyarah out of our ignorance that is imposed upon us by our imperfect impressions and tastes. While we claim that these maters would increase the excellence and sublimity of these supplications and forms of ziyarah, the fact is the opposite; these changes and distortions strip these supplications of excellence and sublimity and deprive them of consideration in the views of experienced and intelligent people. Hence, we must maintain the reported forms of these texts, by observing them, without adding or erasing any single letter.
Second: The author of the book that we have given as example is alive; he can thus revise and correct his book. Nevertheless, we find his book full of distortions and deformation. How would be the matter with other books then? And how can we, after that, trust the other published books? Hence, the only books that we can trust must be those which were written by famous scholars who must have submitted their works on more knowledgeable people who would then admit these writings before they would be published.
In the biography of Yunus ibn `Abd al-Rahman—the trustworthy, sublime, and preferred scholar and companion of the Holy Imams—it has been reported that he wrote a book on the recommended devotional acts on days and nights. When Abu-Hashim al-Ja`fari submitted the book to Imam al-`Askari (`a), the Imam, having browsed the entire book, said, “This is the faith of my fathers and me. It is absolutely true.”
Commenting on this incident, we say: Because Abu-Hashim wanted to follow the example of Yunus in writing a book, he did not stop at the abundant knowledgeability, experience, sublimity, and religiousness of Yunus; therefore, he submitted the book before the Imam (`a) to seek his opinion. It has been also reported that Bawraq al-Shanajani al-Harawi, one of the honest, virtuous, and upright personalities, traveled for Samarra' to meet Imam al-`Askari (`a) and show him the book entitled al-Yawm wa’l-Laylah, which was written by Fadl ibn Shadhan, the sublime scholar, saying, “May Allah accept me as ransom for you! I would like you to see and browse this book.” The Imam (`a), having looked through the book, said, “This is true. You may depend upon it.” There are many other traditions confirming this fact. When I proceeded with the current work, I have already realized the impressions of the people of this age and their inattentiveness to such matters of accuracy and revision. Nevertheless, I wrote this book in order to put them under conclusive argument. I therefore exerted all possible efforts to quote the supplications and forms of ziyarah, mentioned in this book, from their original sources, taking into consideration the different copies of these supplications. I have also done my best in correcting and omitting the mistakes so that the reader who acts upon the material of this book would trust and confide in it. However, I have one condition; the copiers of this book must not distort any thing of it and the reader must neglect the materials that do not correspond to his personal impression and taste. Shaykh al-Kulayni reported `Abd al-Rahman ibn Qasir as saying: One day, I visited Imam al-Sadiq, blessings of Allah be upon him, and said, “May Allah accept me as ransom for you! I have invented a supplication.” The Imam (`a) answered, “Save me from your inventions!” Hence, the Imam (`a) turned away from his inventions and disallowed him to show him the invented supplication.
The Imam (`a) then endued the man with a favor to do. Shaykh al-Saduq, may Allah perfume his tomb, has reported on the authority of `Abdullah ibn Sinan that Imam al-Sadiq (`a) said: I see coming that a seditious matter shall inflict you, leaving you without visible sign or leader to the true guidance. None will be saved from so except those who say the Supplication of the Drowned (Du`a' al-Ghariq).
The reported asked, “What is the Supplication of the Drowned?” The Imam answered: It is as follows:
يَا اَللَّهُ يَا رَحْمٰنُ يَا رَحِيمُ
ya allahu ya rahmanu ya rahimu
O Allah! O All-beneficent! O All-merciful!

يَا مُقَلِّبَ ٱلْقُلُوبِ
ya muqalliba alqulubi
O Turner of hearts!

ثَبِّتْ قَلْبِي عَلَىٰ دِينِكَ
thabbit qalbi `ala dinika
(Please) make my heart firm on Your religion.

The reporter, repeating these words, added a word to the supplication as follows:
يَا مُقَلِّبَ ٱلْقُلُوبِ وَٱلأَبْصَارِ
llebal qullub
O Turner of hearts and vis

The Imam said, “It is true that Almighty Allah is the turner of hearts and visions. But you must say as same as I say.” The aforementioned two traditions must be sufficient deterrent for those who alter the supplications by adding statements or distorting others, following their personal tastes and impressions. Finally, Allah is the Protector against so.