Twenty Fifth Dhul-Qa'dah

Dahwul Ardh

Earth Spreading Day

This night is called Laylat Dahw al-Ardh (the night at which the earth was spread on the water where the Holy Ka`bah is now situated).
Being distinctively honorable, at this night the mercy of Almighty Allah is poured on people. A great reward is obtained by those who practice acts of worship at this night.
`Ali ibn al-Hasan al-Washsha’ has narrated that when he was young, he was with his father in the hospitality of Imam al-Rida (peace be upon him) at the twenty-fifth night of Dhu’l-Qa`dah. After they had their supper, Imam al-Rida (peace be upon him) said, “At the twenty-fifth night of Dhu’l-Qa`dah, Prophet Abraham was born, Prophet Jesus the son of Mary was born, and the earth was spread on the water where the Holy Ka`bah is now situated. Hence, if one observes fasting on this day, he will be given the reward of observing fasting in sixth months.”

According to a narration reported from Imam Ridha (peace be upon him), it is a day in which God's Mercy extended to all; the Earth was extended; the Ka’ba was established; and Adam descended upon the Earth.
According to another narration, Imam al-Rida (peace be upon him) added, “Verily, on this day, al-Qa'im (i.e. Imam al-Mahdi) will appear.”

Fasting is highly recommended on this day. Infact it is counted amongst the four most important fasts of the year.
According to a narration, to observe fasting on this day is equal to seventy year fasting. It also erases the sins of seventy years. According to another narration, to observe fasting on this day and to practice acts of worship at its night is equal (in reward) to one hundred year worship. Everything that is between the sky and the earth will ask God’s forgiveness for one who does these rites. On this day, the mercy of Almighty Allah has been spread. To practice acts of worship and hold sessions for mentioning Almighty Allah on this day bring about an abundant reward.

In his epistle entitled al-Arba`at Ayyam (The Four Days), Sayyid al-Damad has mentioned that to visit the holy tomb of Imam `Ali ibn Musa al-Rida (peace be upon him) on the day; i.e. the Earth Spreading Day, is the most preferable act. - Ziyarah of Imam Ali Ridha (peace be upon him)

Along with Ghusl, there are two other acts for today as follows:
The books written by Shi`ite scholars of Qum have mentioned that, on this day, it is recommended to offer, in the morning, a prayer consisting of two units, reciting in the each unit Surah al-Fatihah once and repeating Surah al-Shams (No. 91) five times. After accomplishment, the following litany is said:

لاَ حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ إِلاَّ بِٱللَّهِ ٱلْعَليِّ ٱلْعَظِيمِ
la hawla wa la quwwata illa billahi al`aliyyi al`azimi
There is no power and no strength except with Allah, the Most High, the All-great.

Then, one may pray Almighty Allah for granting his needs and then say the following supplicatory prayer:
يَا مُقِيلَ ٱلْعَثَرَاتِ أَقِلْنِي عَثْرَتِي
ya muqila al`atharati aqilni `athrati
O He Who overlooks slips, (please) overlook my slip.
يَا مُجِيبَ ٱلدَّعَوَاتِ أَجِبْ دَعْوَتِي
ya mujiba aldda`awati ajib da`wati
O He Who responds to prayers, (please) respond to my prayer.
يَا سَامِعَ ٱلأَصْوَاتِ ٱسْمَعْ صَوْتِي
ya sami`a al-aswati isma` sawti
O He Who hears all sounds, (please) listen to mine,
وَٱرْحَمْنِي وَتَجَاوَزْ عَنْ سَيِّئَاتِي وَمَا عِنْدِي
warhamni wa tajawaz `an sayyi'ati wa ma `indi
have mercy on me, and excuse my wrongdoings and whatever I have committed.
يَا ذَا ٱلْجَلاَلِ وَٱلإِكْرَامِ
ya dha aljalali wal-ikrami
O Lord of majesty and honor!

In Misbah al-Mutahajjid, Shaykh al-Tusi has mentioned that it is recommended to say the following supplicatory prayer on this day:

اَللَّهُمَّ دَاحِيَ ٱلْكَعْبَةِ
allahumma dahiya alka`bati
O Allah Who spread the Ka`bah,
وَفَالِقَ ٱلْحَبَّةِ
wa faliqa alhabbati
split the kernel,
وَصَارِفَ ٱللَّزْبَةِ
wa sarifa allazbati
removes troubles,
وَكَاشِفَ كُلِّ كُرْبَة
wa kashifa kulli kurbatin
and relieves from all distresses!
أَسْأَلُكَ فِي هٰذَا ٱلْيَوْمِ مِنْ أَيَّامِكَ
as'aluka fi hadha alyawmi min ayyamika
I beseech You on this day, which is one of Your days
ٱلَّتِي أَعْظَمْتَ حَقَّهَا
allati a`zamta haqqaha
whose standing You have deemed great,
وَأَقْدَمْتَ سَبْقَهَا
wa aqdamta sabqaha
whom You have given preference,
وَجَعَلْتَهَا عِنْدَ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَدِيعَةً
wa ja`altaha `inda almu'minina wadi`atan
and whom You have put as trust with the believers
وَإِلَيْكَ ذَرِيعَةً
wa ilayka dhari`atan
and as means to approaching to You;
وَبِرَحْمَتِكَ ٱلْوَسيعَةِ
wa birahmatika alwasi`ati
and [I beseech You] in the name of Your ample mercy
أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ
an tusalliya `ala muhammadin
to send blessings to Muhammad,
عَبْدِكَ ٱلْمُنْتَجَبِ فِي ٱلْمِيثَاقِ ٱلْقَرِيبِ
`abdika almuntajabi fi almithaqi alqaribi
Your servant that You have selected in the Nigh Covenant
يَوْمَ ٱلتَّلاَقِ
yawma alttalaqi
on the Meeting Day,
فَاتِقِ كُلِّ رَتْقٍ
fatiqi kulli ratqin
the splitter of all joined things
وَدَاعٍ إِلَىٰ كُلِّ حَقٍّ
wa da`in ila kulli haqqin
and the caller to all truths,
وَعَلَىٰ أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ ٱلأَطْهَارِ
wa `ala ahli baytihi al-athari
and to his Household, the pure,
ٱلْهُدَاةِ ٱلْمَنَارِ
alhudati almanari
the guides, the lanterns,
دَعَائِمِ ٱلْجَبَّارِ
da`a'imi aljabbari
the pillars of the Omnipotent (Lord),
وَوُلاَةِ ٱلْجَنَّةِ وَٱلنَّارِ
wa wulati aljannati walnnari
and the supervisors on Paradise and Hell,
وَأَعْطِنَا فِي يَوْمِنَا هٰذَا مِنْ عَطَائِكَ ٱلْمَخْزوُنِ
wa a`tina fi yawmina hadha min `ata'ika almakhzuni
to give us on this day from Your stored gifts,
غَيْرَ مَقْطوُعٍ وَلاَ مَمْنوُعٍ
ghayra maqtu`in wa la mamnu`in
gifts that are neither interrupted nor prohibited
تَجْمَعُ لَنَا بِهِ ٱلتَّوْبَةَ وَحُسْنَ ٱلأَوْبَةِ
tajma`u lana bihi alttawbata wa husna al-awbati
by which You join for us both repentance and acceptable return [to You].
يَا خَيْرَ مَدْعُوٍّ
ya khayra mad`uwwin
O He Who is the best of all supplicated ones
وَأَكْرَمُ مَرْجُوٍّ
wa akrama marjuwwin
and the most generous of all hoped ones!
يَا كَفِيُّ يَا وَفِيُّ
ya kafiyyu ya wafiyyu
O All-sufficer! O All-true!
يَا مَنْ لُطْفُهُ خَفِيٌّ
ya man lutfuhu khafiyyun
O He Whose grace is gentle!
أُلْطُفْ لِي بِلُطْفِكَ
ultuf li bilutfika
(Please) treat me gracefully with Your graciousness,
وَأَسْعِدْنِي بِعَفْوِكَ
wa as`idni bi`afwika
make me feel happy with Your pardon,
وَأَيِّدْنِي بِنَصْرِكَ
wa ayyidni binasrika
aid me with Your support,
وَلاَ تُنْسِنِي كَريمَ ذِكْرِكَ بِوُلاَةِ أَمْرِكَ
wa la tunsini karima dhikrika biwulati amrika
never make me inattentive of Your noble mention through Your Representatives
وَحَفَظَةِ سِرِّكَ
wa hafazati sirrika
and the keepers of Your secret,
وَٱحْفَظْنِي مِنْ شَوَائِبِ ٱلدَّهْرِ
wahfazni min shawa'ibi alddahri
protect me against the vicissitudes of time
إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ ٱلْحَشْرِ وَٱلنَّشْرِ
ila yawmi alhashri walnnashri
up to the day of resurrection and raising (the dead to life),
وَأَشْهِدْنِي أَوْلِيَاءَكَ عِنْدَ خُرُوجِ نَفْسِي
wa ashhidni awliya'aka `inda khuruji nafsi
and make Your Representatives attend at the hour of the departure of my souls,
وَحُلُولِ رَمْسِي
wa hululi ramsi
the time of my entry to my grave,
وَٱنْقِطَاعِ عَمَلِي
wa inqita`i `amali
when my deed will be interrupted
وَٱنْقِضَاءِ أَجَلِي
wa inqida'i ajali
and my lifetime will come to its end.
اَللَّهُمَّ وَٱذْكُرْنِي عَلَىٰ طُولِ ٱلْبِلَىٰ
allahumma wa idhkurni `ala tuli albila
O Allah, (please) remember me all over the stages of trial
إِذَا حَلَلْتُ بَيْنَ أَطْبَاقِ ٱلثَّرَىٰ
idha halaltu bayna atbaqi alththara
when I will reside between the layers of the earth
وَنَسِيَنِي ٱلنَّاسُونَ مِنَ ٱلْوَرَىٰ
wa nasiyani alnnasuna min alwara
and the forgetful people will forget me.
وَٱحْلِلْنِي دَارَ ٱلْمُقَامَةِ
wa ahlilni dara almuqamati
Allow me to dwell in the abode of eternity,
وَبَوِّئْنِي مَنْزِلَ ٱلْكَرَامَةِ
wa bawwi'ni manzila alkaramati
settle me in the residence of honor,
وَٱجْعَلْنِي مِنْ مُرَافِقِي أَوْلِيَائِكَ
waj`alni min murafiqi awliya'ika
make me of the companions of Your intimate servants
وَأَهْلِ ٱجْتِبَائِكَ وَٱصْطَفَائِكَ
wa ahli ijtiba'ika wa istifa'ika
and the people of Your choice and selection,
وَبَارِكْ لِي فِي لِقَائِكَ
wa barik li fi liqa'ika
bless me by meeting You,
وَٱرْزُقْنِي حُسْنَ ٱلْعَمَلِ قَبْلَ حُلُولِ ٱلأَجَلِ
warzuqni husna al`amali qabla hululi al-ajali
and grant me good-doing before the end of my lifetime,
بَرِيئاً مِنَ ٱلزَّلَلِ وَسوُءِ ٱلْخَطَلِ
bari'an min alzzalali wa su'i alkhatali
making me free from slips and foolish doing.
اَللَّهُمَّ وَأَوْرِدْنِي حَوْضَ نَبِيِّكَ مُحَمَّدٍ
allahumma wa awridni hawda nabiyyika muhammadin
O Allah, allow me to enter the Pool of Your Prophet, Muhammad,
صَلَّىٰ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ
salla allahu `alayhi wa alihi
Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Household,
وَٱسْقِنِي مِنْهُ مَشْرَباً رَوِيّاً
wasqini minhu mashraban rawiyyan
allow me to drink from it a quenching drink
سَائِغاً هَنِيئاً
sa'ighan hani'an
that is palatable and salubrious
لاَ أَظْمَأُ بَعْدَهُ وَلاَ أُحَلَّؤُ وِرْدَهُ
la azma'u ba`dahu wa la uhalla'u wirdahu
after which I will never be thirsty, I will never be prevented from reaching it,
وَلاَ عَنْهُ أُذَادُ
wa la `anhu udhadu
and I will never be disallowed to approach it.
وَٱجْعَلْهُ لِي خَيْرَ زَادٍ
waj`alhu li khayra zadin
Make for me the best nourishment
وَأَوْفَىٰ مِيعَادٍ يَوْمَ يَقُومُ ٱلأَشْهَادُ
wa awfa mi`adin yawma yaqumu al-ashhadu
and the most fulfilling promise on the day when the Witnesses will rise.
اَللَّهُمَّ وَٱلْعَنْ جَبَابِرَةَ ٱلأَوَّلِينَ وَٱلآخِرِينَ
allahumma wal`an jababirata al-awwalina wal-akhirina
O Allah, curse the tyrants from the past and the last generations
وَبِحُقُوقِ أَوْلِيَائِكَ ٱلْمُسْتَأْثِرِينَ
wa bihuquqi awliya'ika almusta'thirina
who usurped the dues of Your Representatives.
اَللَّهُمَّ وَٱقْصِمْ دَعَائِمَهُمْ
allahumma waqsim da`a'imahum
O Allah, demolish their posts,
وَاَهْلِكْ أَشْيَاعَهُمْ وَعَامِلَهُمْ
wa ahlik ashya`ahum wa `amilahum
annihilate their allies and their assistants,
وَعَجِّلْ مَهَالِكَهُمْ
wa `ajjil mahalikahum
and hasten their perdition,
وَٱسْلُبْهُمْ مَمَالِكَهُمْ
waslubhum mamalikahum
seize their estates,
وَضَيِّقْ عَلَيْهِمْ مَسَالِكَهُمْ
wa dayyiq `alayhim masalikahum
make narrow their ways,
وَٱلْعَنْ مُسَاهِمَهُمْ وَمُشَارِكَهُمْ
wal`an musahimahum wa musharikahum
and curse their helpers and aides.
اَللَّهُمَّ وَعَجِّلْ فَرَجَ أَوْلِيَائِكَ
allahumma wa `ajjil faraja awliya'ika
Allah, (please) hasten the relief of Your Representatives,
وَٱرْدُدْ عَلَيْهِمْ مَظَالِمَهُمْ
wardud `alayhim mazalimahum
restore to them their usurped rights,
وَأَظْهِرْ بِٱلْحَقِّ قَائِمَهُمْ
wa azhir bilhaqqi qa'imahum
cause their Riser to prevail with the truth,
وَٱجْعَلْهُ لِدينِكَ مُنْتَصِراً
waj`alhu lidinika muntasiran
and make him support Your religion
وَبِأَمْرِكَ فِي أَعْدَائِكَ مُؤْتَمِراً
wa bi'amrika fi a`da'ika mu'tamiran
and carry out Your commandments about Your enemies.
اَللَّهُمَّ ٱحْفُفْهُ بِمَلاَئِكَةِ ٱلنَّصْرِ
allahumma ihfufhu bimala'ikati alnnasri
O Allah, make the angels of victory surround him
وَبِمَا أَلْقَيْتَ إِلَيْهِ مِنَ ٱلأَمْرِ
wa bima alqayta ilayhi min al-amri
and so are the commandments that You addressed to him
فِي لَيْلَةِ ٱلْقَدْرِ
fi laylati alqadri
at the Destiny Night
مُنْتَقِماً لَكَ حَتَّىٰ تَرْضَىٰ
muntaqiman laka hatta tarda
so that he will punish Your enemies on behalf of You until You are pleased,
وَيَعوُدَ دينُكَ بِهِ وَعَلىٰ يَدَيْهِ جَدِيداً غَضّاً
wa ya`uda dinuka bihi wa `ala yadayhi jadidan ghaddan
Your religion will recover its freshness and bloom at his hands,
وَيَمْحَضَ ٱلْحَقَّ مَحْضاً
wa yamhada alhaqqa mahdan
he will clean the truth with thorough cleaning,
وَيَرْفُضَ ٱلْبَاطِلَ رَفْضاً
wa yarfuda albatila rafdan
and he will reject the wrong with absolute rejection.
اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَيْهِ وَعَلىٰ جَمِيعِ آبَائِهِ
allahumma salli `alayhi wa `ala jami`i aba'ihi
O Allah, send blessings to him and to all of his forefathers,
وَٱجْعَلْنَا مِنْ صَحْبِهِ وَأُسْرَتِهِ
waj`alna min sahbihi wa usratihi
include us with his companions and group,
وَٱبْعَثْنَا فِي كَرَّتِهِ
wab`athna fi karratihi
and resurrect us during his return
حَتَّىٰ نَكُونَ فِي زَمَانِهِ مِنْ أَعْوَانِهِ
hatta nakuna fi zamanihi min a`wanihi
so that we will live in his age and become of his helpers.
اَللَّهُمَّ أَدْرِكْ بِنَا قِيَامَهُ
allahumma adrik bina qiyamahu
O Allah, make us catch up his advent,
وَأَشْهِدْنَا أَيَّامَهُ
wa ashhidna ayyamahu
make us witness his days,
وَصَلِّ عَلَيْهِ وَٱرْدُدْ إِلَيْنَا سَلاَمَهُ
wa salli `alayhi wardud ilayna salamahu
bless him, and convey to us his greetings.
وَٱلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْهِ وَرَحْمَةُ ٱللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ
wa alssalamu `alayhi wa rahmatu allahi wa barakatuhu
Peace and Allah’s mercy and blessings be upon him.