Brief Practical Tips for persons going for Haj(2004 doc)
This is not intended to be a
comprehensive document giving all the fiqh rules.Please
check all fiqh issues & consult other books / Alims
1. Things to carry
Identifiable polythene bags for slippers
Extra pair of rubber slippers
Small Sajdagah , preferably with Kerbala soil and a tasbih
Small carryon bag for two (2) nights Arafat & Mina
Two (2) sets of Ehram – Men
Belt for Men Ehram (stitched belts are permitted- avoid leather belts)
Small water bottle (1/2 liter)
Hands free bag (with zipper) for Women - preferable something you can hang
around your neck
Copies of Medina Ziarats & Arafat duas
Small torch / flashlight
Nail cutter / clippers
Alarm clock (preferably small battery operated)
Small cloth sling bag for collecting 100 small stones
Sleeping Bag / Mat
to 2 pin adapter for Mobile phone charger converter
2. Miscellaneous Suggestions
Always carry the address and phone number of the hotel / Kafila. You should
also carry EMERGENCY contact name(s) & telephone number(s) and other
Plenty of Zam-Zam water is available in tumblers/containers at the Haram
(Containers/Tumblers tops marked GREEN are not cold)
3. General Fiqh Related Suggestions
Salaat can be recited with the Jamaat (except Magrib prayer at the Haram
which starts before the scheduled time)
not follow the rules of Jamat prayers even though you may be a part of one.
niyat of prayer in
the same manner as praying in jamat.
Recite SURAH’s in
low tone (whisper). Do not keep silent as in Jamat prayers.
- Full prayers only at the two (2) Harams at Medina / Mecca or in the old
cities of Mecca/Medina
you plan to stay in cities other than Medina or Mecca for less than ten (10)
days, recite Qasr prayers
- Niyat is intention in the mind & one need not actually recite the words.
However, it’s Mustahab to do so to be aware of our intentions
4. Prophets Mosque- Medina
There are three (3) graves one BEHIND the other if you stand facing graves
with your BACK towards the QIBLA. The Prophet’s (S.A.W.) is buried in the
third grave. A cement wall encloses his grave.
is not certain if Bibi Fatima Zehra (sa) is buried in the Mosque chamber or
order to get prayer space in ‘Jannat’, men can go up to temporary clothe
barrier separating the women’s section one (1) hour before Zohar & take the
place as soon as barrier opened.
- Women have special timings, starting one (1) hour after Fajr salat for three
(3) hours. Again, starting one (1) hour after Zohar Salaat for about two (2)
Slippers can be carried into mosque in bag & placed in numbered boxes inside
the mosque or you
can keep them beside you.
the mosque, do not forget the polythene bag, sajdagah and tasbih.In case you
forget, pray were floor is not carpeted.
Short Duas to
Before you enter
Masjidun Nabawi from any door recite the following: A-Adkholo
Ya Rasullallah; A-Adkholo Ya Fatema
While entering the
door say: Bismillahi Wa Billahi Wa Fi Sabilillahi wa
A’laa Millati Rasullallah
Masjidun Nabawi recite the following: Assalamu A’layka
Ya Rasullallah; Assalamu A’layki Ya Fatema
Also recite 2 rakat
tahiyatul masjid; if you are not going to recite any other namaz eg: yaumia
Atleast once a day:
When you have decided that this is where I am going to do my ibadat today;
recite Allahu Akbar 100 times there.
Daily Amal of
- Namaze Shab
- Namaze Jafar Tayyar. Short method: 2x2 rakats. Finish
both namaz and recite Tasbihate Arba’ 300 times while sitting. If this is
not possible recite a much as you can. Ask your hajaat. Recite anywhere in
Masjidun Nabawi, try for Sutune Ayesha.
5. Janat-Ul-Baqi cemetery - Opposite Prophets mosque in Medina
cemetery is open for men approx only two (2) hours after Fajr & Asr Salaat
can go upstairs up to the boundary wall / grill only after the gates to Baqi are
closed for men. These are between the hours of 9:00AM through 11:00AM & again at
Four (4) graves closest to entrance are those of:
Imam Hassan’s (as)
Imam Sajjad’s (as)
- Prophet’s (SAW) uncle Abbas (as) & Fatima Bint-e-Asad (as) are buried in the
- Ummul Banin (as) (Hazrat Abbas’s mother) is buried on the left side near the
- Prophet’s (SAW) son Ibrahim, daughters & wives are also buried here
- Martyrs’ of Uhud & Martyrs’ of event of Hurra…
6. Travel Medina – Mecca
takes approximately six (6) hours to reach Mecca by the bus
is recommended that every person should take bath/shower (ghusl) & wears the
Ehram at their hotel in Medina before boarding the bus to Mecca. However,
niyat of Ehram can only be done at the Miqat.
Miqat is located 10 km from Medina.
Travel is usually at night to avoid Kaffarra. Some Marjas permit traveling
in a closed bus at night.
The NIYAT must be made at Masjid Shajarah located in Miqat. Pilgrims must
also recite TALBIYAH to become Muhrim. At this point certain things
(approximately 25 things) become haram.
Kaffarra for traveling at night, if applicable, can be paid in the pilgrim’s
country of origin upon their return from HAJ.
Haram has many doors/gates/entrances
All doors/gates/entrances are
Some are color coded
is important to know & remember the direction of your hotel’s location
is possible to do wuzoo using little Zam Zam water available in the tanks at
Women may be required to wear chador to perform wuzoo
is Mustahab to enter from Bab-us-Salaam located behind the Main Abdul Aziz
gate in the middle of the Sae’e hall
is an important cemetery.
Located at 15-minute
walking distance from the Marwa side gate.
The graves of
Abutalib (as), Bibi Khadija (as), Abdulmutalib(as), Abd Manaf, Bibi
Amina (as)(Mother of the Prophet (SAW)) are located in this cemetery.
Masjid-e-Jinn - This is a small mosque located at approximately 10 minute
walking distance from the Abdul Aziz gate located on the left side
Some Marja’s permit
making the intention of Haj or Niyat of Ehram at this mosque
Part of the kingdom
of Nabi Suleiman (as) is also located in this area.
Masjidul Haram recite the following: Bismillahi
Wa Billahi Wa Fi Sabilillahi wa A’laa Millati Rasullallah Sallalahu A’layhi Wa
Allahumma Aftah’ li Abwabi Rah’matik was Ta’limni bi
Ta-a’tik wa Mardhatik.
drinking Zamzam recite the following: Allahummaja’lhu
Ilman Nafian Wa Rizqan Wasian Wa Shifa-am Min Kulli Daaiw wa Suqam.(O Allah! grant me knowledge which is beneficial, great
sustenance and relief from pains and illnesses).
Then say: (By the Name of
Allah, all praise is due to Allah and I thank Allah).
in the last round of tawaf, stick your chest, stomach & palms to the Kabah and
recite: Allahumma Baitu Baituka wa A’bu A’bduka wa
Hadha Maqamu Aae’z Minan Naar.
Avoid things that are generally prohibited during HAJJ, and in particular, the
following at all times:
Do not cover
your head ( includes ears ) even while sleeping (men) -sleeping on pillow ok
Men - Do not use mobile phone to
the ear which will cover the ear
Do not wear
cap on your head (men)
Do not wear
slippers which covers the foot from the top (men)
Do not wear
any sewn clothes (men) -sewn belt ok
Do not kill
Do not look in
Do not use
perfumes / perfumed soap, tissue / flavored toothpaste
Do not bite
nails or fiddle with your hair
male pilgrims must travel (especially during day) on the roof of the bus
Ehram can be changed only if it becomes najis (not dirty) However you can take
it iff & put it on etc .One can wear more than two pieces of cloth eg toprotect
against cold ( incl a blanket /shawl)
9. Tawaf [idea of keeping Allah (swt) as the center]
The starting point of tawaf is from the black line / green light indicator
located near Hajar-a-Aswad
There is no compulsory recitation while performing Tawaf.
is important to remember number of rounds, that is, seven (7) to be
is wajib that the left shoulder ALWAYS points towards the Kaaba at all times
(even at turns).
case of large crowd, it is not necessary to do tawaf inside the Maqam-e-Ibrahim.
However, the tawaf should not go beyond the last line of people.
not touch the wall of the Kaaba or Hijr-Ismail while performing tawaf.
Women may wear gloves( chk pl not sure? ) so their hands do not touch namehram.
Do not do any 'mustahab'
Tawaf after wearing Ehram & reciting Talbiya .ie esp when ehram is worn at the
kabaa for hajj e tamtato In case done by mistake repeat the Talbiya
10. Sae’e [idea of struggle in the way of Allah (swt)]
is walking from mount Safa to Marwa and back to Safa seven (7) rounds with chest
facing the front (not sideways). Pilgrims can stop in between & wuzoo is not
wajib during this proces. Any supplications can be recited while walking.
Pilgrims need not touch the mountain stone etc., going up to a little climb with
sufficient room to turn the wheel chairs.
of a little hair, clipping of nails is the act done by oneself with niyat in
order to get out of ehram after Sae'e for Umra .Do not make the mistake of
asking someone who is in ehram to do taqsir for you,neither you shd do taqsir
for someone else if in ehram
12. Arafat [Maharefa of Allah (swt)]
Normally the Kafila will leave the hotel for Arafat on the night of 8th
Zilhaj. It is highly recommended that pilgrims rest as possible prior to
leaving for Arafat. The Ehram has to be worn before getting on the bus &
Niyat / Talbiya must be completed near the haram being “old Mecca.”
(Possibly near Masjid Jinn).
- Carry only small bag with maximum of 300 Saudi Riyals
- One (1) extra Ehram / slippers and sleeping mat/bag
Perform amal of night of
Aarafat if possible .but rest in morning so that all amal can be performed
is wajib to be in Arafat from Zohar to Magrib .This is the most important
time to be alert & awake
- The toilets in Arafat could be facing the Qibla & care is to be taken when
they are used
- Preferably go to the toilet one (1) hour prior to departure at sunset
- Due to heavy traffic after magrib getting to the bus may be difficult
- Perform Magrib / Isha prayers at Arafat if you leave after 8 pm, however, it
is preferable to pray in Muzdalifah
13. Muzdalifah [also known as Mashr-shuhr of Allah-consciousness]
is an important night & morning for prayer
is wajib for men to be in this plain between Fajr & sunrise. One should have
this niyat at that time & recite Namaz-e-shab
Quran describes this stop (wuqoof) & directs us to do Zikr, the best form of
this is Tasbih-e-Zehra
Typically, due to heavy traffic, the pilgrims reaches this plain at midnight
is better to stop as near as Mina as possible / practical
Collect approx 75 stones/pebbles (size of thumb nail/date seed) here & wash them if
possible. Don’t go too far from Kafila as you can get lost
Ladies (even without any compulsion) can proceed to Mina with a brief stop
in the night itself. The brief stop can be used to collect pebbles & recite
Men leave for Mina immediately AFTER sunrise. Leave all belongings in the
bus, except the bag of pebbles
One can also walk to Mina from Muzdalifah (It takes approximately 90 minutes
14. Rami (Stoning) Jamarat (cleaning of Nafs)
is much easier for women need to complete the first Rami in the night of 10th.
Preferably soon after they reach the Mina tents after a brief stopover
Men can perform this ritual on 10th Zilhaj – Idd day. Most
Muslims are required to do the Rami ONLY on the Big Satan pillar BEFORE
Zohar so there is considerable difficulty in this. It is preferable to wait
in the tent up to zohar as our Fiqh permits this & then go.
Due to the crowds of pilgrims, it is advisable to tie the Ehram securely,
leave valuables / slippers with a designated person in a pre-determined
Pilgrims have to be 100% certain that all the 7 stones have hit the pillar.
In order to accomplish this, it is necessary to get as close to the pillar
before throwing the pebbles. As a precaution (ehtiyat) throw a few extra
Majority of pilgrims perform the stoning ritual on the 11th
Zilhaj & 12th Zilhaj AFTER Zohar. As you can imagine it gets very
crowded and unsafe. Fortunately, our Fiqh permits performing this ritual
during the day (not night) before Zohar. A good time to perform this ritual
is around 9:00AM for both women & men on both these dates.
is important to stone ALL the 3 pillars / Jamarat in the right sequence
starting with small, medium, and big. For your convenience, there are signs
identifying the different pillars / Jamarat.
The Jamarat are under a bridge & need to be stoned from grond level & NOT from top
of the bridge
They can be stoned from any direction – look for less crowded areas (except
big satan back side for Ayatollah Seestani’s Muqallids’)
Prior to leaving Mina, leave the extra stones / pebbles behind
15. Qurbani [giving away worldly possession in the way of Allah (swt)]
This ritual cannot be performed by the pilgrims and must be performed after
performing “RAMI”. You must have confidence on Kafila who is responsible.
Pilgrims need to make sure that all the necessities such as payments are
arranged in advance with the designated person who is physically present at
Since the slaughter house is outside Mina, pilgrims need to make sure that
the provide the necessary personal information, that is their name, etc., if
this ritual is performed on their behalf or name of person on whose behalf
this ritual is performed. There is no need to physically segregate quarbani
meat in parts as per various current fatwas
After the pilgrim is informed of the completion of this ritual, they can
proceed with HALAQ (shaving of head) or Taqseer can be done.
HOWEVER use of perfume (soap, toothpaste, tissue) is strictly prohibited
until after Tawaf of Hajj.
Carry your own
razor/blade for safety reasons.
is great sawab in doing this though not wajib at times. This is performed in Mina
only after Qurbani .
Ayatollah Khoie recommends that taqseer & Halaq can be done simultaneously to
get full sawab (This is to avoid the penalty due to blood oozing due to cuts
Ayatollah Seestani recommends completing Halaq at Mina to get sawab w/o taqseer.
Taqsir /Halaq Can be done at
night as well BUT not outside Mina
17. Mina [Muna – Love of Allah] wuqoof / stay
is wajib to stay half the night in Mina [calculation of half night is
Ayatollah Khoie it is half the time between sunset and sunrise
Ayatollah Seestani it is half the time between sunset and Fajr
a pilgrim does not spend the night at Mina, they have the to spend the night
in “ibadat” (including wajibat of tawaf, Sae’e, etc.) Pilgrims cannot sleep
possible, visit Masjid Khif. This is an important mosque to visit / pray.
10th Zilhaj, pilgrims can go to their hotel in Mecca BUT start
well in time to reach Mina before sunset to compensate for heavy traffic
is convenient to go for wajibat of Tawaf & Sae'e etc., on the 11th
Zilhaj after 12.30AM after completing woqoof for ½ night. Tawaf, Salat,
Sae’e, Tawaf-un-Nisa & Salat all can be complete by Fajr. Upon completion of
the necessary rituals, pilgrims can go to the hotel. (It is recommended to
do Tawaf / Sae’e at late night since it is very crowded during the day)
12th Zilhaj after Rami / stoning of the 3 Jamarat pilgrims CANNOT
leave Mina until after Zohar Azan. It is recommended to move to the
outskirts of Mina prior to Zohar. This makes exiting from Mina much easier
case pilgrim(s) cannot leave Mina before sunset then they have to stay
overnight in Mina, complete Rami of 3 Jamarat again & then leave the next
All roads are extremely congested after Asr on 12th Zilhaj & it
is advisable not to travel by taxi / car at all on this day. It is strongly
recommended to wait until 13th Zilhaj for traveling.
of Imam Hussain (as) is recommended at mina
18. Getting back
Passport collection from Moalliim is a complicated issue but handled by
Pilgrim(s) are urged to reach the Haj terminal at the airport four (4) hours
prior to departure of their flights. Luggage is collected at a different
place on the left side of the terminal which can have long queues / lines.
Zam Zam will need to be repacked in polythene at airport
Pilgrim(s) can get some refund of the draft amount paid for transportation
from United agencies counter. This is in case you still have left over
coupons with you.
DO NOT let the crowd and associated behavior bother you during
Recite whatever duas you like while doing Tawaf & Sae’e
While drinking Zam Zam think of always seeking Rizq Halal
While taking ghusl think of your own ghusl Mayyit
While taking off normal clothes think of discarding disobedience & accepting
complete obedience and discarding material attachment (e.g. family, business
While wearing ehram remember death & the kafan
While walking between Safa & Marwa remember that you are between FEAR & HOPE
While doing Tawaf remember our Imam & see that all momins are safe from your
While stoning Jamarat try to think of the rejecting adverse qualities in you
While at Arafat think of the day of judgment & that your book of deed
Let the Hajj be for HIS sake only & pray for Ikhlas - its acceptance
Thought provoking conversation between our fourth Holy Imam Zainul-Abidin (AS)
and Shibli. A must for
those planning to go for Hajj).
the 4th Imam (AS) returned from Hajj, Shibli came to meet him.
They engaged in the following conversation:
you go for Hajj O shibli?
Shibli: Yes O son of the Messenger of Allah
Imam: Did you stop at the miqaat and put away the sewn clothes
and perform the sacred bath?
Imam: When you stopped at miqaat did you make the intention
that you are taking off the clothes of disobedience and putting on the clothes
Imam: And when you had taken off your sewn clothes did you make
the intention that you had taken off hypocrisy and entering dubious acts?
Imam: And when you took the bath did you have the intention
that you are washing yourself from all sins and errors?
Imam You did not stop at Miqaat, nor did you take off sewn
clothes nor did you perform the sacred bath
you cleanse yourself and put on Ihram and fulfil your covenant of Hajj?
Imam: When you did this did you have the intention that you are
cleaning yourself with the nurah of the sincere repentance to Almighty Allah the
Imam When you put on the ihram did you have the intention that
you are forbidding yourself everything that Almighty Allah has forbidden?
Imam: When you fulfilled the covenant of Hajj did you have the
intention that you have nullified all other covenants with other than Allah?
Imam: You did not cleanse yourself nor did you put on the ihram
nor did you fulfil the covenant of hajj
Imam: Did you enter the miqaat and pray the two rakats of the
ihram and did you chant Talbiyah
Imam: When you entered the miqaat, did you make the intention of
entering as a visitor?
Imam: When you prayed the two rakaats did you make the
intention that you are trying to get closer to Allah SWT with the best of acts
from the prayers and the biggest of good deeds from the acts of worship?
Imam: When you chanted the Talbiyah did you have the intention
that you were talking to almighty Allah with all obedience and keeping quiet
from all disobedience?
Imam: You did not enter miqaat nor did you pray nor did you
chant the Talbiyah
Imam: Did you enter the Haram and did you see the Kaaba and did you pray
Imam: When you entered the Haram did you have the intention
that you were prohibiting on yourself all backbiting of all the Muslims from the
Nations of Islam?
Imam: And when you reached Makka did you make the intention
with your heart that you had come to Almighty Allah SWT?
Imam: You have neither entered Haram nor seen the Kaaba nor
Imam: Did you go round the house and did you touch the Rukn and
did you make Saee?
Imam: And when you did the Saee did you have the intention that
you were running towards Almighty
Allah and did Allah the knower of all secrets know this?
Imam: You did not go round the house nor did you touch rukn nor
did you make Saee.
you taouch the Hajar e Aswad and did you stand at the Maqame Ibrahim and did you
pray two rakats on it?
the Imam gave a scream as if he was about to leave this world saying Ah! Ah!
Whoever touches the black stone it is as if he has shaken hands with Almighty
Allah SWT. So Look O poor chap that you do not destroy the reward of something
whose sacredness has been made very great and you do not spoil
your Handshake by disobedience and by grasping evil like the sinners.
Imam asked: Did you have the intention when you were standing on Maqame
Ibrahim that you were are standing on every obedience and that you have put
behind you all disobedience?
Imam: When you prayed two rakaats there didyou make the
intention that you are praying the prayers of Ibrahim and that you are
humiliating Shaitan with your prayers?
Imam: You did not stand on Maqame Ibrahim nor did you pray two
rakats on it.
Imam: Did you look over the well of Zamzam and did you drink from its water?
Imam: Did you have the intention when you were looking over the
well that you looking at obedience to Almighty Allah and closing your eyes from
Imam: You did not look over it nor did you drink from it's
Imam: Did you run between Safa and Marwa and did you walk between it
Imam: Did you have the intention that you were between hope and
Imam: You did not run between Safa and Marwa. Imam:Did you go
out to Mina?
Imam: Did you have the intention that every muslim was safe
from your tongue, your heart and your hand?
Shibli: No. You did not go out to Mina.
Imam: Did you stay a short time at arafa and did you climb
Jabal AlRahma and did you recognize
the wadi of Namira and did to supplicate to Almighty Allah near Al-Mil and Al-Jamaraat?
Imam: Did you conceive by your stay in Arafa the gnosis (Irfan)
of Almighty Allah SWT and the knowledge of good things and acts; and did you
conceive that your book of deeds was in the hands of Allah and that Allah had
full knowledge of your secrets and what is in your heart?
Imam: And when you climbed the Jabal AL rahma did you have the
intention that Almighty Allah may have mercy on all believing men and all
believing women and that He will help all Muslim men and women?
Imam: Did you have the intention at wadi Namira that
not enjoin good until you practice it yourself and you would not forbid evil
until you leave it yourself?
Imam: and when ou stopped at alam and Al-amirat did you have
the intention that they were witnessing all your acts of worship and that they
were guarding you together with guardian angels by the order of Almighty Allah?
Imam: then you did not stay at Arafat nor did you go up the
Mountain of Mercy nor did you recognize the wadi of Namirah nor did you
supplicate to Almighty Allah Imam: Did you pass between the two columns pray two
rakah before crossing, go to Muzdalifah pick up pebbles and cross the Mash'arul
Imam: When you prayed the two Rakats, did you have the
intention that you were praying the
prayer of thanksgiving within the ten nights which removes every hardship and
facilitates every ease?
Imam: At the time of passing between the two columns without
deviating to the right or the left did you have the intention that you
never deviate from the true religion to the right or the left neither with your
heart, tongue nor with your limbs?
Imam: When you walked through Muzdalifah and picked up the
pebbles did you have the intention
that you have plucked all acts of disobedience and ignorance
and that you had
affirmed knowledge and action?
Imam: Then when you walked in the Mash'aril Haram did you have
the intention that you had embossed your heart with the identification of those
who have taqwa and fear of Almighty Allah the Most High?
Imam: Then you did not pass between the two columns nor did you
pray the two rakah,nor walked into Muzdalifah, nor picked up the pebbles nor
walked in the Mash'arul Haram.
Imam: Did you arrive at Mina, throw stones at the Jamarah and did you
shave your head and slaughter the sacrifice and did you pray in Masjid al-Kheef
and did you. return to Makka and perform the Tawaf of Ifadha (return) to Makka?
Imam: When you reached Mina and pelted the jamaraat did you
have the intention that you have attained your goal and your Lord has fulfilled
all your needs?
Imam: And when you pelted the Jamaraat did you have the
intention that you had pelted your enemy Iblees and by completing this precious
Hajj you had disobeyed him?
Imam: And when you shaved your head did you have the intention
that you had cleansed yourself from all filth and from all the injustice of the
children of Adam and that you had purified yourself from sin just like a new
Imam: And when you slaughtered your hadiya did you have the
intention that you are cutting the artery of greed by holding fast to the
reality of piety and that you are following the tradition of Ibrahim A.S. when
he was prepared to slighter his son, the fruit of his heart, through which he
established the sunna of gaining nearness to Almighty Allah for those who came
Imam: And when you returned to Makka and did the tawaaf of
Ifadha did you have the intention that you had come back with the Mercy of
Almighty Allah to His obedience and that you had clasped His love that you had
performed your duty to Him and had gained nearness to him?
Imam: Then you did not reach Mina nor did you pelt the jamaraat
nor did you shave your head nor did you slaughter the hadiya nor did you pray in
the Masjid Al-Kheef nor did you return to Makka and perform the tawaaf of Ifadha.
Go back because you have not performed Hajj!!
Having heard all this Shibli started to cry because of what he had missed in his
Hajj and he continued to learn the secrets of Hajj until he could perform the
Hajj through knowledge and understanding.